KKR & Co. L.P.
KKR Financial Holdings LLC (Form: 424B5, Received: 03/15/2012 13:25:42)

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Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(5)
Registration No. 333-167479

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

       
 
Title of each class of securities
to be registered

  Proposed Maximum
Aggregate Offering
Price

  Amount of
Registration Fee(1)

 

7.500% Senior Notes due 2042

  $115,000,000   $13,179.00

 

(1)
Payment of the registration fee at the time of filing of the registrant's registration statement on Form S-3 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 11, 2010 (File No. 333-167479), was deferred pursuant to Rules 456(b) and 457(r) or the Securities Act, and is paid herewith. This "Calculation of Registration Fee" table shall be deemed to update the "Calculation of Registration Fee" table in such registration statement.

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PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT
(To Prospectus dated November 7, 2011)

$100,000,000

KKR Financial Holdings LLC

7.500% Senior Notes due 2042


         We are offering $100,000,000 aggregate principal amount of 7.500% Senior Notes due 2042 (the "Notes") pursuant to this prospectus supplement. We will pay interest on the Notes quarterly in arrears on March 20, June 20, September 20 and December 20 of each year, beginning June 20, 2012. We may redeem the Notes, in whole or in part, at any time on or after March 20, 2017 at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount redeemed plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date. Upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event, we will be required to make an offer to repurchase all outstanding Notes at a price in cash equal to 101% of the principal amount of the Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including the repurchase date. See "Description of the Notes—Offer to Repurchase Upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event." The Notes will be issued in minimum denominations of $25 and integral multiples of $25 in excess thereof.

         We intend to apply to list the Notes on the New York Stock Exchange (the "NYSE") under the symbol "KFI." If the application is approved, we expect trading in the Notes on the NYSE to begin within 30 days after the Notes are first issued. The Notes are expected to trade "flat," meaning that purchasers will not pay and sellers will not receive any accrued and unpaid interest on the Notes that is not included in the trading price.

         The Notes will be our senior unsecured obligations and will rank equally with all of our other senior unsecured indebtedness. The Notes will be effectively subordinated to our secured indebtedness and to all liabilities and preferred equity of all of our subsidiaries.


          Investing in the Notes involves risks. See "Risk Factors" beginning on page S-6 in this prospectus supplement, on page 5 of the accompanying prospectus and under the caption "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

         Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


 
  Per Note   Total(3)  

Public Offering Price(1)

  $ 25.0000   $ 100,000,000  

Underwriting Discount(2)

  $ 0.7875   $ 3,150,000  

Proceeds to Us (before expenses)(3)

  $ 24.2125   $ 96,850,000  

(1)
Plus accrued interest, if any, from March 20, 2012, if settlement occurs after that date.

(2)
An underwriting discount of up to $0.7875 per Note (or up to $3,150,000 for all Notes) will be deducted from the proceeds paid to us by the underwriters. However, the underwriting discount will be $0.50 per Note for sales to certain institutions, and, to the extent of such sales, the total underwriting discount will be less than the amount shown in the table above. As a result of such sales to certain institutions, the total proceeds to us, after deducting the underwriting discount, will equal approximately $96,890,825 (assuming no exercise of the underwriters' overallotment option described below).

(3)
Assumes no exercise of the underwriters' overallotment option described below.


         We have granted the underwriters an option to purchase up to an additional $15,000,000 aggregate principal amount of Notes, at the public offering price less the underwriting discount, within 30 days from the date of this prospectus supplement solely to cover overallotments.

         The underwriters expect to deliver the Notes to purchasers on or about March 20, 2012, only in book-entry form through the facilities of The Depository Trust Company, including Euroclear Bank S.A./N.V., as operator of the Euroclear System, and Clearstream Banking, société anonyme.


Joint Book-Running Managers

Citigroup   Morgan Stanley   UBS Investment Bank   Wells Fargo Securities


Co-Managers

KKR   RBC Capital Markets

March 13, 2012


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
  Page

Prospectus Supplement

   

About This Prospectus Supplement

  S-ii

Where You Can Find More Information

  S-ii

Summary

  S-1

Selected Historical Consolidated Financial Data

  S-4

Risk Factors

  S-6

Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges

  S-9

Use of Proceeds

  S-9

Capitalization

  S-10

Description of the Notes

  S-11

Additional Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations

  S-25

Certain ERISA Considerations

  S-29

Underwriting (Conflicts of Interest)

  S-31

Legal Matters

  S-36

Experts

  S-36

Incorporation by Reference

  S-36

Prospectus

   

KKR Financial Holdings LLC

  4

Risk Factors

  5

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-looking Statements

  5

Use of Proceeds

  7

Ratios of Earnings to Fixed Charges

  8

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations

  9

Description of Shares

  31

Description of Senior Notes and Guarantees

  44

Description of Other Securities

  64

Plan of Distribution

  65

Legal Matters

  66

Experts

  66

Where You Can Find More Information

  66

Incorporation by Reference

  67


        Unless otherwise expressly stated or the context otherwise requires, the terms "we," "our company," "us" and "our" and similar terms refer to KKR Financial Holdings LLC and its subsidiaries; "Manager" means KKR Financial Advisors LLC; "KKR" means Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P. and its affiliated companies (excluding portfolio companies that are minority or majority owned or managed by funds associated with KKR); "Management Agreement" means the amended and restated management agreement between KKR Financial Holdings LLC and the Manager; "operating agreement" means the amended and restated operating agreement of KKR Financial Holdings LLC; "common shares" and "preferred shares" mean common shares and preferred shares, respectively, representing limited liability company interests in KKR Financial Holdings LLC; references to "our shares" (and similar references) mean common shares and preferred shares of KKR Financial Holdings LLC; and references to "$" and "dollars" mean U.S. dollars.

        This prospectus supplement contains a summary of some of the terms of our operating agreement and our Management Agreement. Those summaries are not complete and are subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all of the provisions of our operating agreement and the Management Agreement. A copy of our operating agreement is included as an exhibit to the quarterly report on Form 10-Q that we filed with the SEC on August 6, 2009 and a copy of Amendment No. 1 thereto is included as an exhibit to the annual report on Form 10-K that we filed with the SEC on March 1, 2010. A copy of our Management Agreement is included as an exhibit to the current report on Form 8-K that we filed with the SEC on May 4, 2007 and a copy of an amendment thereto is included as an exhibit to the current report on Form 8-K that we filed with the SEC on June 15, 2007. Copies of all such reports and exhibits are available on the SEC website at www.sec.gov.

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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT

        This document consists of two parts. The first part is this prospectus supplement, which describes the specific terms of this offering. The second part is the accompanying prospectus, which describes more general information, some of which may not apply to this offering. You should read both this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, together with additional information described under the headings "Where You Can Find More Information" and "Incorporation by Reference" in this prospectus supplement.

        If the description of the offering varies between this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, you should rely on the information in this prospectus supplement.

        Any statement made in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus or in a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement will be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus supplement to the extent that a statement contained in this prospectus supplement or in any other subsequently filed document that is also incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement modifies or supersedes that statement. Any statement so modified or superseded will not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this prospectus supplement. See "Incorporation by Reference" in this prospectus supplement.

         We are responsible for the information contained in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, any related free writing prospectus issued by us and the documents incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus. We have not, and the underwriters have not, authorized anyone to provide you with different information, and neither we nor the underwriters take responsibility for any other information that others may give you. This prospectus supplement may be used only where it is legal to sell the Notes offered hereby. You should assume that the information in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, any related free writing prospectus or any document incorporated or deemed incorporated herein by reference is accurate only as of the date on the front cover of those respective documents. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since such dates.


WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

        We have filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") a registration statement on Form S-3 and a post-effective amendment to the registration statement (together, the "registration statement") under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), of which this prospectus supplement is a part, with respect to the securities to be sold pursuant to this prospectus supplement. This prospectus supplement does not contain all of the information set forth in the registration statement and exhibits to the registration statement. For further information with respect to us and the securities to be sold pursuant to this prospectus supplement, reference is made to the registration statement, including the exhibits to the registration statement. Statements contained in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and in the documents incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference herein or in any free writing prospectus as to the contents of any contract or other document do not purport to be complete and, where that contract or document is an exhibit to the registration statement or an exhibit to a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in the registration statement, each statement is qualified in all respects by reference to the exhibit to which the reference relates. Copies of the registration statement, including the exhibits to the registration statement, and other documents we file with the SEC may be examined without charge at the public reference room of the SEC, 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Information about the operation of the public reference room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0300. Copies of the registration statement, including the exhibits, and the other documents we file with the SEC can be obtained from the public reference room of the SEC upon payment of prescribed fees. Our SEC filings, including our registration statement, are also available to you for free on the SEC's website at http://www.sec.gov. You may also inspect information that we file with the NYSE at the offices of the NYSE at 20 Broad Street, New York, New York 10005. We are subject to the information and reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), and file periodic reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC.

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SUMMARY

         This summary highlights selected information contained elsewhere or incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus and does not contain all of the information you should consider when making your investment decision. We urge you to read all of this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and the documents incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference, including our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes, carefully to gain a fuller understanding of our business and the terms of the Notes, as well as some of the other considerations that may be important to you, before making your investment decision. You should pay special attention to the "Risk Factors" section of this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 to determine whether an investment in the Notes is appropriate for you.


KKR Financial Holdings LLC

        We are a specialty finance company with expertise in a range of asset classes. Our core business strategy is to leverage the proprietary resources of our manager with the objective of generating both current income and capital appreciation by deploying capital to our strategies, which include bank loans and high yield securities, natural resources, special situations, mezzanine, commercial real estate and private equity. Our holdings across these strategies primarily consist of below investment grade syndicated corporate loans, also known as leveraged loans, high yield debt securities, private equity and working and royalty interests in oil and gas properties. The corporate loans that we hold are purchased via assignment or participation in the primary or secondary market.

        The majority of our holdings consist of corporate loans and high yield debt securities held in collateralized loan obligation ("CLO") transactions that are structured as on-balance sheet securitizations and are used as long term financing for our investments in corporate debt. The senior secured debt issued by the CLO transactions is primarily owned by unaffiliated third party investors and we own the majority of the subordinated notes in the CLO transactions. We execute our core business strategy through our majority-owned subsidiaries, including CLOs.

        We are a Delaware limited liability company and were organized on January 17, 2007. We are the successor to KKR Financial Corp., a Maryland corporation. Our common shares are publicly traded on the NYSE under the symbol "KFN". We intend to continue to operate so as to qualify, for United States federal income tax purposes, as a partnership and not as an association or publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation.

        We are externally managed and advised by KKR Financial Advisors LLC (our "Manager"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of KKR Asset Management LLC ("KAM" or "the parent of our Manager"), pursuant to the amended and restated management agreement between us and our Manager (the "Management Agreement"). KAM is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P. ("KKR"). Our Manager is responsible for our operations and performs all services and activities relating to the management of our assets, liabilities and operations. Pursuant to the terms of the Management Agreement, our Manager provides us with our management team, along with appropriate support personnel. All of our executive officers are employees or members of KKR or one or more of its affiliates. Our Manager is under the direction of our board of directors and is required to manage our business affairs in conformity with the Investment Guidelines that are approved by a majority of our independent directors.

        The executive offices of our Manager are located at 555 California Street, 50th Floor, San Francisco, California 94104 and the telephone number of our Manager's executive offices is (415) 315-3620.

 

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The Offering

         This summary is not a complete description of the Notes or the related base indenture and supplemental indenture (together, the "Indenture"). You should read the full text and more specific details contained elsewhere in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus. For a more detailed description of the Notes and the Indenture, see the section entitled "Description of the Notes" in this prospectus supplement.

         In this portion of the summary, the terms "KFN," "we," "us" and "our" refer only to KKR Financial Holdings LLC and not to any of our subsidiaries.

Issuer   KKR Financial Holdings LLC.

Notes

 

$100,000,000 aggregate principal amount of 7.500% Senior Notes due 2042 (the "Notes") ($115,000,000 if the underwriters' overallotment option is exercised in full) issued in minimum denominations of $25 and integral multiples of $25 in excess thereof.

Maturity Date

 

The Notes will mature on March 20, 2042.

Interest Rates

 

The Notes will bear interest from March 20, 2012 at the rate of 7.500% per year, payable quarterly in arrears.

Interest Payment Dates

 

March 20, June 20, September 20 and December 20 of each year, beginning June 20, 2012.

Optional Redemption

 

We may redeem the Notes, in whole or in part, at any time on or after March 20, 2017 at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount redeemed plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date.

Change of Control Offer to Repurchase

 

If a Change of Control Repurchase Event as defined under "Description of the Notes—Offer to Repurchase Upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event" occurs, we must offer to repurchase the Notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the repurchase date. See "Description of the Notes—Offer to Repurchase Upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event."

No Security

 

None of our obligations under the Notes will be secured by collateral or guaranteed by any of our subsidiaries, affiliates or other persons.

Certain Covenants

 

The Notes contain certain restrictions on our ability to create liens over our equity interests in our subsidiaries and to merge, consolidate or sell all or substantially all of our assets, subject to a number of important qualifications and limitations. See "Description of the Notes—Certain Covenants."

Ranking

 

The Notes will be our senior unsecured obligations and will rank equally with all of our other senior unsecured indebtedness. The Notes will be effectively subordinated to our secured indebtedness and to all liabilities and preferred equity of all of our subsidiaries. See "Description of the Notes—Ranking."

 

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Option to Purchase Additional Notes   We have granted the underwriters an option to purchase up to an additional $15,000,000 aggregate principal amount of Notes, at the public offering price less the underwriting discount, within 30 days from the date of this prospectus supplement solely to cover overallotments.

Information Rights

 

During any period in which we are not subject to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act and any Notes are outstanding, we will provide holders of Notes, without cost, copies of the annual reports and quarterly reports containing information that is substantially similar to the information that we would have been required to file with the SEC pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act if we were subject thereto (other than exhibits or any information required by Items 402 and 404 of Regulation S-K pursuant to the Securities Act that would have been required). See "Description of the Notes—Information Rights."

Use of Proceeds

 

The net proceeds from the sale of the Notes are estimated to be approximately $96,390,825 (or approximately $110,918,325 if the underwriters exercise their overallotment option in full), after deducting the underwriting discount and estimated offering expenses payable by us. We intend to use the net proceeds for general corporate purposes. See "Use of Proceeds" in this prospectus supplement.

Listing

 

We intend to apply to list the Notes on the NYSE under the symbol "KFI." If the application is approved, we expect trading in the Notes on the NYSE to begin within 30 days after the Notes are first issued.

Trading

 

The Notes are expected to trade "flat," meaning that purchasers will not pay and sellers will not receive any accrued and unpaid interest on the Notes that is not included in the trading price.

Governing Law

 

New York.

Trustee

 

Wilmington Trust, National Association.

Registrar and Paying Agent

 

Citibank, N.A.

Risk Factors

 

Investing in the Notes involves risks. Before deciding whether to invest in the Notes, you should carefully consider the information set forth in the section of this prospectus supplement entitled "Risk Factors" beginning on page S-6, on page 5 of the accompanying prospectus and under the caption "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, as well as the other information contained in or incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus.

Conflicts of Interest

 

KKR Financial Advisors LLC, an affiliate of KKR Capital Markets LLC, is our manager and accordingly may be deemed to be our affiliate. As a result, KKR Capital Markets LLC is deemed to have a "conflict of interest" under the applicable provisions of Rule 5121 of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority.

 

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SELECTED HISTORICAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA

        The following tables set forth our selected historical consolidated financial information. The selected statement of operations data for each of the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008 and 2007 and the selected balance sheet data as of December 31, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008 and 2007 are derived from our audited consolidated financial statements as of the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008 and 2007. The selected financial data should be read together with the more detailed information contained in the consolidated financial statements and associated notes, and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 
  Year ended December 31,  
(in thousands, except per share data)
  2011   2010   2009   2008   2007  

Consolidated Statements of Operations Data:

                               

Net investment income (loss):

                               

Total investment income

  $ 542,021   $ 505,359   $ 572,725   $ 948,588   $ 872,373  

Interest expense

    133,609     131,700     268,087     521,313     556,565  

Interest expense to affiliates

    49,458     25,152     21,287     43,301     60,939  

Provision for loan losses

    14,194     29,121     39,795     481,488     25,000  
                       

Net investment income (loss)

    344,760     319,386     243,556     (97,514 )   229,869  

Other income (loss):

                               

Total other income (loss)

    93,447     143,352     (96,275 )   (906,837 )   62,012  

Non-investment expenses:

                               

Related party management compensation

    68,185     69,125     44,323     36,670     52,535  

General, administrative and directors expenses

    37,741     16,516     10,393     19,038     18,294  

Professional services

    6,198     5,331     7,384     8,098     4,706  

Loan servicing

            7,961     9,444     11,346  
                       

Total non-investment expenses

    112,124     90,972     70,061     73,250     86,881  
                       

Income (loss) from continuing operations before equity in income of unconsolidated affiliate and income tax expense

    326,083     371,766     77,220     (1,077,601 )   205,000  

Equity in income of unconsolidated affiliate

                    12,706  
                       

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income tax expense

    326,083     371,766     77,220     (1,077,601 )   217,706  

Income tax expense

    8,011     702     284     107     256  
                       

Income (loss) from continuing operations

    318,072     371,064     76,936     (1,077,708 )   217,450  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

                2,668     (317,655 )
                       

Net income (loss)

  $ 318,072   $ 371,064   $ 76,936   $ (1,075,040 ) $ (100,205 )
                       

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  As of December 31,  
(in thousands, except per share data)
  2011   2010   2009   2008   2007  

Consolidated Balance Sheets Data:

                               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 392,154   $ 313,829   $ 97,086   $ 41,430   $ 524,080  

Restricted cash and cash equivalents

    399,620     571,425     342,706     1,233,585     1,067,797  

Securities available-for-sale

    816,453     838,894     755,686     555,965     1,359,541  

Other securities, at estimated fair value

    19,671                  

Residential mortgage-backed securities

    86,479     93,929     47,572     102,814     131,688  

Corporate loans, net of allowance for loan losses

    6,122,891     5,857,816     5,617,925     7,246,797     8,634,208  

Corporate loans held for sale

    317,332     463,628     925,718     324,649      

Corporate loans, at estimated fair value

    3,176                  

Residential mortgage loans

            2,097,699     2,620,021     3,921,323  

Equity investments, at estimated fair value

    189,845     99,955     120,269     5,287      

Assets of discontinued operations

                    3,049,758  

Total assets

    8,647,228     8,418,412     10,300,005     12,515,082     19,046,025  

Total borrowings

    6,778,208     6,642,455     8,970,591     11,461,610     13,425,106  

Liabilities of discontinued operations

                    3,644,083  

Total liabilities

    6,971,396     6,775,364     9,133,347     11,851,737     17,401,486  

Total shareholders' equity

    1,675,832     1,643,048     1,166,658     663,345     1,644,539  

Book value per common share

  $ 9.41   $ 9.24   $ 7.37   $ 4.40   $ 14.27  

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RISK FACTORS

         Investing in the Notes involves risks. You should carefully review the following risk factors and the risks discussed under the caption "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 28, 2012, which is incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement, or any similar caption in the documents that we subsequently file with the SEC that are deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement, and in any pricing term sheet that we provide you in connection with the offering of Notes pursuant to this prospectus supplement. You should also carefully review the other risks and uncertainties discussed in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, the documents incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and in any such pricing term sheet. The risks and uncertainties discussed below and in the documents referred to above, as well as other matters discussed in this prospectus supplement and in those documents, could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations and the market price of the Notes. Moreover, the risks and uncertainties discussed below and in the foregoing documents are not the only risks and uncertainties that we face, and our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations and the market price of the Notes could be materially adversely affected by other matters that are not known to us or that we currently do not consider to be material risks to our business.

Risks Related to the Notes

         The effective subordination of the Notes may limit our ability to satisfy our obligations under the Notes.

        The Notes will be our senior unsecured obligations and will rank equally with all of our other indebtedness that is not expressly subordinated to the Notes. As of December 31, 2011, we had outstanding $566.3 million of senior unsecured indebtedness (exclusive of intercompany debt, trade payables, distributions payable and accrued expenses). However, the Notes will be effectively subordinated to all of our secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the collateral securing such indebtedness. As of December 31, 2011, our total secured indebtedness was approximately $38.3 million. In the event of a bankruptcy, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or similar proceeding with respect to us, the holders of any secured indebtedness will be entitled to proceed directly against the collateral that secures such secured indebtedness. Therefore, such collateral will not be available for satisfaction of any amounts owed under our unsecured indebtedness, including the Notes, until such secured indebtedness is satisfied in full.

        The Notes also will be effectively subordinated to all liabilities and preferred equity of all of our subsidiaries. In the event of a bankruptcy, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or similar proceeding with respect to any such subsidiary, we, as an equity owner of such subsidiary, and therefore holders of our debt, including the Notes, will be subject to the prior claims of such subsidiary's creditors, including trade creditors, and preferred equity holders. As of December 31, 2011, our subsidiaries had outstanding $5.9 billion of liabilities and no preferred equity.

        We conduct substantially all of our operations through our subsidiaries, which hold the financial assets in which we invest. As a result, our cash flow and our ability to service our debt, including the Notes, are dependent upon the earnings of our subsidiaries. In addition, we are dependent on the distribution of earnings, loans or other payments by our subsidiaries to us. Certain debt and security agreements entered into by our subsidiaries contain various restrictions, including restrictions on payments by our subsidiaries to us and the transfer by our subsidiaries of assets pledged as collateral.

         There are limited covenants and protections in the Indenture.

        While the Indenture and the Notes contain terms intended to provide protection to holders upon the occurrence of certain events involving significant corporate transactions and our creditworthiness, these terms are limited and may not be sufficient to protect your investment in the Notes. For example, there are no financial covenants in the Indenture. As a result, we could enter into transactions that

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could increase the total amount of our outstanding indebtedness, adversely affect our capital structure or our credit ratings, or otherwise adversely affect the holders of the Notes.

        In addition, as described under "Description of the Notes—Offer to Repurchase Upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event," upon the occurrence of a Change of Control Repurchase Event, holders are entitled to require KFN to repurchase their Notes at 101% of their principal amount. However, the definition of the term "Change of Control Repurchase Event" is limited and does not cover a variety of transactions (such as acquisitions by us, recapitalizations or "going private" transactions by our affiliates) that could negatively affect the value of your Notes. For a Change of Control Repurchase Event to occur there must be not only a Change of Control as defined in the Indenture governing the Notes, but also, a ratings downgrade resulting from such transaction. If we were to enter into a significant corporate transaction that negatively affects the value of the Notes, but would not constitute a Change of Control Repurchase Event, you would not have any rights to require KFN to repurchase the Notes prior to their maturity, which also would adversely affect your investment.

         Ratings of the Notes may not reflect all risks of an investment in the Notes and changes in our credit rating could adversely affect the market price of the Notes.

        We have been rated by two nationally recognized statistical rating organizations. A debt rating is not a recommendation to purchase, sell or hold the Notes. Moreover, a debt rating does not reflect all risks of an investment in the Notes and does not take into account market price or suitability for a particular investor. Following the offering, the market price for the Notes will be based on a number of factors, including our ratings with major rating agencies. Rating agencies revise their ratings for the companies that they follow from time to time and our ratings may be revised or withdrawn in their entirety at any time. We cannot be sure that rating agencies will maintain their current ratings. Neither we nor any underwriter undertakes any obligation to maintain the ratings or to advise holders of Notes of any change in ratings. A negative change in our ratings could have an adverse effect on the market price or liquidity of the Notes.

         Changes in the credit markets could adversely affect the market price of the Notes.

        Following the offering, the market price for the Notes will be based on a number of factors, including:

        The condition of the credit markets and prevailing interest rates have fluctuated in the past and can be expected to fluctuate in the future. Fluctuations in these factors could have an adverse effect on the price and liquidity of the Notes.

         An active trading market may not develop for the Notes, which could adversely affect the price of the Notes in the secondary market and your ability to resell the Notes should you desire to do so.

        The Notes are a new issue of securities and there is no established trading market for the Notes. We intend to apply for listing of the Notes on the NYSE under the symbol "KFI." If the application is approved, we expect trading in the Notes on the NYSE to begin within 30 days after the Notes are first issued; however, we cannot make any assurance as to:

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        If a trading market were to develop, the future trading prices of the Notes will depend on many factors, including prevailing interest rates, our credit ratings published by major rating agencies, the market for similar securities and our operating performance and financial condition. If a trading market does develop, there is no assurance that it will continue. If an active public trading market for the Notes does not develop or does not continue, the market price and liquidity of the Notes is likely to be adversely affected and Notes traded after their purchase may trade at a discount from their purchase price.

        The Notes are expected to trade "flat," meaning that purchasers will not pay and sellers will not receive any accrued and unpaid interest on the Notes that is not included in the trading price.

         We may not be able to repurchase the Notes upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event.

        Upon the occurrence of a Change of Control Repurchase Event (as defined in "Description of the Notes—Offer to Repurchase Upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event"), each holder of Notes will have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of such holder's Notes at a price equal to 101% of their principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but not including, the date of repurchase. If we experience a Change of Control Repurchase Event, we cannot assure you that we would have sufficient financial resources available to satisfy our obligations to repurchase the Notes. Our failure to repurchase the Notes as required under the Indenture governing the Notes would result in a default under the Indenture, which could result in defaults under agreements governing any of our other indebtedness, including the acceleration of the payment of any borrowings thereunder, and have material adverse consequences for us and the holders of the Notes. In addition, the change of control provisions in the Indenture may not protect you from certain important corporate events, such as a leveraged recapitalization (which would increase the level of our indebtedness), reorganization, restructuring, merger or other similar transaction. Such a transaction may not involve a change in voting power or beneficial ownership or, even if it does, may not involve a change that constitutes a "Change of Control" as defined in the Indenture that would trigger our obligation to repurchase the Notes. If an event occurs that does not constitute a "Change of Control" as defined in the Indenture, we will not be required to make an offer to repurchase the Notes and you may be required to continue to hold your Notes despite the event. See "Description of the Notes—Offer to Repurchase Upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event."

         Redemption may adversely affect your return on the Notes.

        On or after March 20, 2017 we will have the right to redeem some or all of the Notes prior to maturity, as described under "Description of the Notes—Optional Redemption and Repayment." We may redeem the Notes at times when prevailing interest rates may be relatively low compared to rates at the time of issuance of the Notes. Accordingly, you may not be able to reinvest the redemption proceeds in a comparable security at an effective interest rate as high as that of the Notes.

         The Notes will not mature until thirty years after the original issue date.

        If we do not redeem the Notes, the Notes will not mature until March 20, 2042 (approximately thirty years after the original issue date). By purchasing the Notes, you are making an investment that will be subject to, among other things, our credit risk over a substantial period of time. You should consider the potential full lifetime of the Notes when making an investment decision.

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RATIO OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES

        The following table presents the ratios of earnings to fixed charges for us and our consolidated subsidiaries for the periods indicated. For the purposes of calculating the ratio of earnings to fixed charges, "earnings" consist of pre-tax income before equity in income of unconsolidated affiliate. "Fixed charges" consist of interest incurred on all indebtedness and capitalized expenses relating to indebtedness. Neither we nor any of our consolidated subsidiaries had any preferred shares outstanding for any of the periods reflected in this table.

 
  Fiscal Year Ended December 31,  
 
  2011   2010   2009   2008   2007  

Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges

    2.8x     3.4x     1.3x     (1 )   1.3x  

(1)
For the year ended December 31, 2008, our losses exceeded fixed charges by approximately $513.0 million. The coverage deficiency for total fixed charges for the year ended December 31, 2008 was $1,077.6 million to arrive at a one-to-one ratio.


USE OF PROCEEDS

        The net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $96,390,825 (or approximately $110,918,325 if the underwriters exercise in full their overallotment option), after deducting the underwriting discount and estimated offering expenses payable by us. We intend to use the net proceeds for general corporate purposes.

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CAPITALIZATION

        The following table sets forth our consolidated capitalization as of December 31, 2011:

        This table should be read in conjunction with the information contained herein under the heading "Use of Proceeds" in this prospectus supplement, and under the heading "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and in our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, each of which is in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement.

 
  As of December 31, 2011  
 
  Actual   As adjusted  
 
  (Unaudited)
 
 
  (Dollars in Thousands)
 

Cash and cash equivalents(1)

  $ 392,154   $ 488,545  
           

Borrowings:

             

Collateralized loan obligation senior secured notes

  $ 5,031,203   $ 5,031,203  

Collateralized loan obligation junior secured notes

    72,312     72,312  

Collateralized loan obligation junior secured notes issued to affiliates

    365,848     365,848  

Collateralized loan obligation senior debt

    436,522     436,522  

Asset-based borrowing facility

    38,300     38,300  

7.00% senior convertible notes due 2012

    135,086     135,086  

7.50% senior convertible notes due 2017

    164,744     164,744  

8.375% senior notes due 2041

    250,676     250,676  

7.500% Senior Notes due 2042 (offered hereby)

        100,000  

Junior subordinated notes

    283,517     283,517  
           

Total borrowings

  $ 6,778,208   $ 6,878,208  

Shareholders' equity:

             

Preferred shares, no par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized and none issued and outstanding at December 31, 2011

  $   $  

Common shares, no par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized, and 178,145,482 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2011(2)

         

Paid-in-capital

    2,759,478     2,759,478  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (35,619 )   (35,619 )

Accumulated deficit

    (1,048,027 )   (1,048,027 )
           

Total shareholders' equity

  $ 1,675,832   $ 1,675,832  
           

Total capitalization

  $ 8,454,040   $ 8,554,040  
           

(1)
Assumes that the net proceeds from the offering of the Notes will be held initially as cash.

(2)
Excludes common shares that may be issued, under certain circumstances, upon conversion of the 7.50% senior convertible notes due 2017.

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DESCRIPTION OF THE NOTES

         The following description summarizes certain terms and provisions of the Notes and certain terms and provisions of the Indenture that we will enter into in connection with this offering that are applicable to the Notes. The following description is not intended to be comprehensive. We have filed the Indenture as an exhibit to the registration statement referred to under the caption "Where You Can Find More Information," and you may obtain a copy of it by following the directions described therein. Our description of the Notes below is qualified by reference to such Indenture, which we urge you to read. As used in this section, "KFN," "we," "us" and "our" mean KKR Financial Holdings LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, and its successors, but not any of its subsidiaries. Capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined herein have the meanings assigned to them in such Indenture, and those definitions are incorporated herein by reference.

        Subject to the discussion in this prospectus supplement, the Notes

        None of our subsidiaries, affiliates or any other person has guaranteed the payment of principal, premium, if any, or interest on the Notes or has any other obligation in connection with the Notes.

        We may, without the consent of the holders of the Notes, increase the principal amount of the Notes by issuing additional senior debt securities in the future on the same terms and conditions, except for any difference in the issue price, issue date and interest accrued prior to the issue date of the additional senior debt securities; provided that if the additional senior debt securities are not fungible with the Notes for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the additional senior debt securities will have a separate CUSIP number. The Notes offered hereby and any additional senior debt securities would rank equally and ratably and would be treated as a single series of debt securities for all purposes under the Indenture.

        The Notes will be our senior unsecured obligations and will rank equally with all of our other indebtedness that is not expressly subordinated to the Notes and senior to all of our other indebtedness

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that is expressly subordinated to the Notes. The Notes will be effectively subordinated to all of our secured indebtedness (to the extent of the value of the collateral securing the same) and to all preferred equity and liabilities of all of our subsidiaries. The Indenture does not limit the aggregate principal amount of senior debt securities that we may issue thereunder and provides that debt securities may be issued thereunder from time to time in one or more series. As of December 31, 2011, we had outstanding $566.3 million of senior unsecured indebtedness (exclusive of intercompany debt, trade payables, distributions payable and accrued expenses) and $38.3 million of secured indebtedness. At that date, our consolidated subsidiaries had outstanding an aggregate of $5.9 billion in total liabilities (exclusive of intercompany indebtedness, trade payables, distributions payable and accrued expenses) and no preferred equity.

        We expect the Notes to trade at a price that takes into account the value, if any, of accrued and unpaid interest. This means that purchasers will not pay, and sellers will not receive, accrued and unpaid interest on the Notes that is not included in their trading price. Any portion of the trading price of a Note that is attributable to accrued and unpaid interest will be treated as a payment of interest for U.S. federal income tax purposes and will not be treated as part of the amount realized for purposes of determining gain or loss on disposition of the Notes. See "Additional Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations" below.

        Interest on the Notes will accrue from March 20, 2012 at a rate of 7.500% per year and will be payable quarterly March 20, June 20, September 20 and December 20 of each year (each, an "Interest Payment Date"), beginning June 20, 2012. On an Interest Payment Date, interest will be paid to the persons in whose names the Notes were registered as of the record date. With respect to any Interest Payment Date, while the Notes remain in book-entry form the record date will be one business day prior to the relevant Interest Payment Date.

        The amount of interest payable for any period will be computed on the basis of twelve 30-day months and a 360-day year. The amount of interest payable for any period shorter than a full quarterly interest period will be computed on the basis of the number of days elapsed in a 90-day quarter of three 30-day months. If any Interest Payment Date is a Legal Holiday, the required payment will be made on the next succeeding day that is not a Legal Holiday as if it were made on the date such payment was due and no interest will accrue on the amount so payable for the period from and after such Interest Payment Date to such next succeeding day. "Legal Holiday" means a Saturday, a Sunday or a day on which banking institutions in The City of New York or at the place of payment are not required to be open.

        The Notes will be redeemable at our option, in whole or in part, at any time on or after March 20, 2017 upon not less than 15 nor more than 60 days notice, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount redeemed plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date.

        Additionally, we may at any time repurchase the Notes at any price in the open market and may hold, resell or surrender such Notes to the paying agent for cancellation. Except as discussed below under "—Offer to Repurchase Upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event," you will not have the right to require us to repay the Notes prior to maturity. We are not required to establish a sinking fund to retire the Notes prior to maturity.

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        Payment of principal of and interest on any Notes represented by one or more permanent global notes in definitive, fully registered form without interest coupons will be made to Cede & Co., the nominee for The Depository Trust Company (the "Depositary") as the registered owner of the global notes, by wire transfer of immediately available funds. Initially, Citibank, N.A. will act as paying agent for the Notes. Payments of principal and interest on the Notes will be made by us through the paying agent to the Depositary. See "—Book-Entry Only Securities" in this prospectus supplement.

        Holders of certificated Notes, if any, must surrender such certificated Notes to the paying agent to collect principal and interest payments at maturity. Principal and interest on certificated Notes will be payable by wire transfer of immediately available funds to the accounts specified by the holders thereof or, if no such account is specified, payment of principal and interest may be made by check mailed to a holder's registered address.

        The principal of and interest on the Notes will be payable in U.S. dollars or in such other coin or currency of the United States of America as at the time of payment is legal tender for the payment of public and private debts. No service charge will be made for any registration of transfer or exchange of Notes, but we may require payment of a sum sufficient to cover any tax or other governmental charge payable in connection therewith. The Notes may be presented for registration of transfer or exchange at the office of the registrar for the Notes or at any other office or agency maintained by us or the registrar for such purpose. Initially, Citibank, N.A. will act as registrar for the Notes.

        Other than as described below under "—Limitation on Liens," "—Offer to Repurchase Upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event" and "—Consolidation, Merger and Sale of Assets," the Indenture does not contain any provisions that would limit our ability to incur indebtedness or that would afford holders of Notes protection in the event of a sudden and significant decline in our credit quality or a takeover, change of control, recapitalization or highly leveraged or similar transaction involving us. Accordingly, we could in the future enter into transactions that could increase the amount of indebtedness outstanding at that time or otherwise adversely affect our capital structure or credit rating. See "Risk Factors—Risks Related to the Notes."

        The Indenture will provide that we will not create, assume, incur or guarantee any indebtedness for money borrowed that is secured by a pledge, mortgage, lien or other encumbrance (other than Permitted Liens) on any voting stock or profit participating equity interests of our Subsidiaries (as defined below) (to the extent of our ownership of such voting stock or profit participating equity interests) or any entity that succeeds (whether by merger, consolidation, sale of assets or otherwise) to all or any substantial part of the business of any of such Subsidiaries (excluding in each case securities issued by our Structured Finance Subsidiaries (as defined below) which include the subordinated notes that we own of our Structured Finance Subsidiaries, which represent the residual economic interests in our CLO transactions), without providing that the Notes (together with, if we shall so determine, any other indebtedness of, or guaranteed by, us ranking equally with the Notes) will be secured equally and ratably with or prior to all other indebtedness secured by such pledge, mortgage, lien or other encumbrance on the voting stock or profit participating equity interests of any such entities.

        "Existing Indebtedness" means (i) any existing indebtedness on the date of the initial issuance of the Notes and (ii) indebtedness incurred under the Credit Agreement dated as of May 3, 2010 among us, certain of our subsidiaries as borrowers, the lenders party thereto and Citibank, N.A., as administrative agent (the "Credit Facility") and, with respect to both clauses (i) and (ii), any amendments, supplements, modifications, extensions, renewals, restatements or refundings thereof and

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any indentures, notes, debentures, credit facilities or commercial paper facilities that replace, refund or refinance any part of the loans, notes, other credit facilities or commitments thereunder, including any such replacement, refunding or refinancing facility or indenture that alters the maturity or interest rate thereof, provided that the aggregate principal amount of Existing Indebtedness outstanding at any one time shall not exceed $250 million, except that the aggregate amount of Existing Indebtedness outstanding at any one time may reach $600 million provided that all Existing Indebtedness outstanding at such time in excess of $250 million is incurred under the Credit Facility or any amendment thereto.

        "Governmental Authority" means the government of the United States or any other nation, or of any political subdivision thereof, whether state or local, and any agency, authority, instrumentality, regulatory body, court, central bank or other entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to government (including any supranational bodies such as the European Union or the European Central Bank).

        "Permitted Liens" means (a) liens on voting stock or profit participating equity interests of any Subsidiary existing at the time such entity becomes our direct or indirect Subsidiary or is merged into our direct or indirect Subsidiary (provided such liens are not created or incurred in connection with such transaction and do not extend to any other Subsidiary), (b) statutory liens, liens for taxes or assessments or governmental liens (including liens in compliance with workers' compensation, unemployment insurance and other social security laws or regulations) not yet due or delinquent or which can be paid without penalty or are being contested in good faith, (c) other liens of a similar nature as those described in subclauses (a) and (b) above, and (d) liens granted to secure Existing Indebtedness. This covenant will not limit our ability to incur indebtedness or other obligations secured by liens on assets other than the voting stock or profit participating equity interests of our Subsidiaries.

        "Person" means any natural person, corporation, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, association, company, partnership, Governmental Authority or other entity.

        "Subsidiary" of any Person means (a) any corporation, association or other business entity (other than a partnership, joint venture, limited liability company or similar entity) of which more than 50% of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by the issued and outstanding Equity Interests or (b) any partnership, joint venture, limited liability company or similar entity of which more than 50% of the capital accounts, distribution rights, total equity and voting interests or general or limited partnership interests, as applicable, is, in the case of clauses (a) and (b), at the time owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by (1) such Person, (2) such Person and one or more Subsidiaries of such Person or (3) one or more Subsidiaries of such Person.

        "Structured Finance Subsidiary" means a Subsidiary the primary function of which is to act as an issuer, depositor or special purpose entity in connection with issuances of obligations collateralized by loans, bonds, mortgages or other debt obligations issued by third parties.

        The Indenture will provide that we will not be party to a Substantially All Merger or participate in a Substantially All Sale, unless:

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        "Credit Group" means KFN and KFN's direct and indirect Subsidiaries (to the extent of its economic ownership interest in such Subsidiaries) taken as a whole.

        "Substantially All Merger" means a merger or consolidation of KFN with or into another Person that would, in one or a series of related transactions, result in the transfer or other disposition, directly or indirectly, of all or substantially all of the combined assets of the Credit Group taken as a whole to a Person that is not within the Credit Group immediately prior to such transaction.

        "Substantially All Sale" means a sale, assignment, transfer, lease or conveyance to any other Person in one or a series of related transactions, directly or indirectly, of all or substantially all of the combined assets of the Credit Group taken as a whole to a Person that is not within the Credit Group immediately prior to such transaction.

        Any Person that becomes a Successor Party pursuant to this covenant will be substituted for us in the Indenture, with the same effect as if it had been an original party to the Indenture. As a result, the Successor Party may exercise our rights and powers under the Indenture, and, except in the case of a lease, we will be released from all of our liabilities and obligations under the Indenture and under the Notes.

        Any substitution of a Successor Party for us might be deemed for U.S. federal income tax purposes to be an exchange of the Notes for "new" debt securities, resulting in recognition of gain or loss for such purposes and possibly certain other adverse tax consequences to beneficial owners of the Notes. Holders should consult their own tax advisors regarding the tax consequences of any such substitution.

        The provisions described in the accompanying prospectus under the caption "Description of Senior Notes and Guarantees—Merger, Consolidation and Transfer of Assets" will not apply to the Notes.

        If a Change of Control Repurchase Event (defined below) occurs, unless we have exercised our option to redeem the Notes as described above, we will make an offer to each holder of Notes to repurchase all or any part (each new Note will be in a principal amount of $25 and integral multiples of $25 in excess thereof) of that holder's Notes at a repurchase price in cash equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount of Notes repurchased plus any accrued and unpaid interest on the Notes repurchased to, but excluding, the date of repurchase. Within 30 days following any Change of Control Repurchase Event or, at our option, prior to any Change of Control, but after the public announcement of the Change of Control, we will give notice to each holder with copies to the Trustee and the paying agent (if other than the Trustee) describing the transaction or transactions that constitute or may constitute the Change of Control Repurchase Event and offering to repurchase Notes on the payment date specified in the notice, which date will be no earlier than 30 days and no later than 60 days from the date such notice is given. The notice shall, if given prior to the date of consummation of the Change of Control, state that the offer to purchase is conditioned on the Change of Control Repurchase Event occurring on or prior to the payment date specified in the notice. We will comply with the requirements of Rule 14e-1 under the Exchange Act, and any other securities laws and regulations thereunder to the extent those laws and regulations are applicable in connection with the repurchase of the Notes as a result of a Change of Control Repurchase Event. To the extent that the provisions of any securities laws or regulations conflict with the Change of Control Repurchase Event provisions of the Notes, we will comply with the applicable securities laws and regulations and will not be deemed to have breached our obligations under the Change of Control Repurchase Event provisions of the Notes by virtue of such conflict.

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        On the Change of Control Repurchase Event payment date, we will, to the extent lawful:

        The paying agent will promptly mail to each holder of Notes properly tendered the purchase price for the Notes, and the paying agent will promptly authenticate and mail (or cause to be transferred by book-entry) to each holder a new Note equal in principal amount to any unpurchased portion of any Notes surrendered; provided that each new Note will be in a principal amount of $25 and integral multiples of $25 in excess thereof.

        We will not be required to make an offer to repurchase the Notes upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event if (i) we or our successor delivers a notice to redeem in the manner, at the times and otherwise in compliance with the optional redemption and repayment provision described above or (ii) a third party makes an offer in respect of the Notes in the manner, at the times and otherwise in compliance with the requirements for an offer made by us and such third party purchases all Notes properly tendered and not withdrawn under its offer.

        There can be no assurance that sufficient funds will be available at the time of any Change of Control Repurchase Event to make required repurchases of Notes tendered. Our failure to repurchase the Notes upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event would result in a default under the Indenture. If the holders of the Notes exercise their right to require us to repurchase the Notes upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event, the financial effect of this repurchase could result in defaults under any credit facility or other debt instruments to which we are or could become party, including the acceleration of the payment of any borrowings thereunder. It is possible that we will not have sufficient funds at the time of the Change of Control Repurchase Event to make the required repurchase of our other debt and the Notes. See "Risk Factors—Risks Related to the Notes—We may not be able to repurchase the Notes upon a Change of Control Repurchase Event."

        "Below Investment Grade Rating Event" means the rating on the Notes is lowered in respect of a Change of Control and the Notes are rated below Investment Grade by both Rating Agencies on any date from the date of the public notice of an arrangement that could result in a Change of Control until the end of the 60-day period following public notice of the occurrence of a Change of Control (which period shall be extended until the ratings are announced if during such 60 day period the rating of the Notes is under publicly announced consideration for possible downgrade by either of the Rating Agencies); provided that a Below Investment Grade Rating Event otherwise arising by virtue of a particular reduction in rating shall not be deemed to have occurred in respect of a particular Change of Control (and thus shall not be deemed a Below Investment Grade Rating Event for purposes of the definition of Change of Control Repurchase Event hereunder) if the Rating Agencies making the reduction in rating to which this definition would otherwise apply do not announce or publicly confirm or inform us in writing at our request that the reduction was the result, in whole or in part, of any event or circumstance comprised of or arising as a result of, or in respect of, the applicable Change of Control (whether or not the applicable Change of Control shall have occurred at the time of the Below Investment Grade Rating Event). We will request the Rating Agencies to make such confirmation in connection with any Change of Control and shall promptly certify to the Trustee as to whether or not such confirmation has been received or denied.

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        "Change of Control" means the occurrence of the following:

provided that, for the purposes of this definition, no Change of Control shall be deemed to occur by reason of our becoming a wholly owned Subsidiary of a Successor Parent.

        "Change of Control Repurchase Event" means the occurrence of a Change of Control and a Below Investment Grade Rating Event.

        "Control" means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of a Person, whether through the ability to exercise voting power, by contract or otherwise.

        "Equity Interests" means, with respect to any Person, all of the shares of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person, all of the warrants, options or other rights for the purchase or acquisition from such Person of shares of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person, all of the securities convertible into or exchangeable for shares of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person or warrants, rights or options for the purchase or acquisition from such Person of such shares (or such other interests), and all of the other ownership or profit interests in such Person (including partnership, member or trust interests therein), whether voting or nonvoting, and whether or not such shares, warrants, options, rights or other interests are outstanding on any date of determination.

        "Fitch" means Fitch Ratings Inc. or any successor thereto.

        "Investment Grade" means, with respect to Fitch, a rating of BBB- or better (or its equivalent under any successor rating categories of Fitch) and, with respect to S&P, BBB- or better (or its equivalent under any successor rating categories of S&P) (or, in each case, if such Rating Agency ceases to rate the Notes for reasons outside of KFN's control, the equivalent investment grade credit rating from any Rating Agency selected by KFN as a replacement Rating Agency).

        "Rating Agency" means:

        "S&P" means Standard & Poor's Ratings Services, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., or any successor thereto.

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        "Successor Parent" means any Person for which Equity Interests of such Person representing more than 50% of the aggregate ordinary voting power issued and outstanding of such Person immediately after the time we become a wholly owned Subsidiary of such Person, are beneficially owned (within the meaning of the Exchange Act and the rules of the SEC thereunder as in effect on the date of the closing of the offering of the Notes) by one or more Persons that beneficially owned Equity Interests representing more than 50% of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by our issued and outstanding Equity Interests immediately prior to our becoming a wholly owned Subsidiary of such Person and in substantially the same proportion as immediately prior to our becoming a wholly owned Subsidiary of such Person.

        The Indenture will provide that during any period in which KFN is not subject to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act and any Notes are outstanding, KFN will (1) transmit by mail (or other permissible means under the Exchange Act) to all holders of Notes, without cost to such holders, copies of the annual reports and quarterly reports containing information that is substantially similar to the information that is required to be contained in such reports that KFN would have been required to file with the SEC pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act if KFN were subject thereto (other than exhibits or any information required by Items 402 and 404 of Regulation S-K pursuant to the Securities Act that would have been required) and (2) promptly, upon request, supply copies of such reports to any prospective holder of Notes. KFN will mail (or otherwise provide) the information to the holders of Notes within 15 days after the respective dates by which a periodic report on Form 10-K or Form 10-Q, as the case may be, in respect of such information would have been required to be filed with the SEC if KFN were subject to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as a non-accelerated filer as such term is defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act.

        Any one of the following is an "Event of Default" with respect to the Notes:

        "Non-Recourse Indebtedness" means an obligation for indebtedness that can only be satisfied out of the collateral securing the obligation and not out of the debtor's other assets.

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        If an Event of Default (other than an Event of Default resulting from certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency with respect to us) with respect to the Notes occurs and is continuing, the Trustee or the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the Notes then outstanding may declare the principal of the Notes to be due and payable immediately. If an Event of Default resulting from certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency with respect to us occurs, the principal of the Notes will become immediately due and payable without any declaration or other act on the part of the Trustee or the holders. The holders of a majority in principal amount of the Notes may rescind such declaration and its consequences if the rescission would not conflict with any judgment or decree and if all existing Events of Default have been cured or waived except nonpayment of principal or interest that has become due solely as a result of such acceleration.

        Holders of Notes may not enforce the Indenture or the Notes, except as provided in the Indenture. The Trustee may require indemnity satisfactory to it before it enforces the Indenture or the Notes. Subject to certain limitations, the holders of more than 50% in aggregate principal amount of the Notes then outstanding may direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the Trustee or exercising any trust or power conferred upon the Trustee. The Trustee may withhold from holders of Notes notice of any continuing default (except a default in the payment of principal or interest or the repurchase price in connection with a Change of Control Repurchase Event) if it determines that withholding notice is in their interests. We are also required to deliver to the Trustee, on or before a date not more than 120 calendar days after the end of each fiscal year, a written statement as to compliance with the Indenture, including whether or not any default has occurred.

        The provisions described in the accompanying prospectus under the caption "Description of Senior Notes and Guarantees—Events of Default" will not apply to the Notes.

        With the written consent of the holders of a majority in principal amount of the Notes then outstanding, we and the Trustee may amend or supplement the Indenture or modify the rights of the holders of the Notes. Such majority holders may also waive compliance by us of any provision of the Indenture, any supplemental indenture or the Notes, except a default in the payment of principal or interest. However, without the consent of the holder of each Note affected, an amendment or waiver may not:

        We and the Trustee may amend or supplement the Indenture without the consent of any holder of any of the Notes to:

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        The provisions described in the accompanying prospectus under the caption "Description of Senior Notes and Guarantees—Modification, Waivers and Meetings" will not apply to the Notes.

        We may terminate all of our obligations under the Notes and the Indenture or any installment of principal or interest on the Notes if we irrevocably deposit in trust with the Trustee money or U.S. government obligations sufficient to pay, when due, principal and interest on the Notes to maturity or redemption or such installment of principal or interest, as the case may be, and if all other conditions set forth in the Indenture are met.

        The provisions described in the accompanying prospectus under the caption "Description of Senior Notes and Guarantees—Discharge, Defeasance and Covenant Defeasance" will not apply to the Notes.

        The Indenture and the Notes are governed by, and will be construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York.

        Wilmington Trust, National Association will be the Trustee. If an event of default occurs and is continuing, the Trustee will be required to use the degree of care and skill of a prudent man in the conduct of his own affairs. The Trustee will become obligated to exercise any of its powers under the indenture at the request of any of the holders of any Notes only after those holders have offered the Trustee indemnity satisfactory to it.

        If the Trustee becomes one of our creditors, it will be subject to limitations on its rights to obtain payment of claims or to realize on some property received for any such claim, as security or otherwise.

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The Trustee is permitted to engage in other transactions with us. If, however, it acquires any conflicting interest, it must eliminate that conflict or resign. We maintain banking relationships with Wilmington Trust, National Association and its affiliates in the ordinary course of our business.

        Neither the Trustee nor the paying agent shall be obligated to monitor or confirm, on a continuing basis or otherwise, our or any other Person's compliance with the covenants described herein or with respect to any reports or other documents filed under the Indenture.

        The Notes will be issued only in book-entry form through the facilities of the Depositary and will be in denominations of $25 and integral multiples of $25 in excess thereof. The Notes will be represented by one or more Global Securities ("Global Securities") and will be registered in the name of a nominee of the Depositary. Holders of the Notes may elect to hold interests in a Global Security through the Depositary, Clearstream Banking, societe anonyme ("Clearstream") or Euroclear Bank S.A./N.V., as operator of the Euroclear System ("Euroclear"), if they are participants of such systems, or indirectly through organizations that are participants in such systems. Clearstream and Euroclear will hold interests on behalf of their participants through customers' securities accounts in Clearstream and Euroclear's names on the books of their respective depositaries, which in turn will hold such interests in customers' securities accounts in the depositaries' names on the Depositary's books.

        The Depositary has advised us that it is a limited-purpose trust company organized under the New York Banking Law, a "banking organization" within the meaning of the New York Banking Law, a member of the Federal Reserve System, a "clearing corporation" within the meaning of the New York Uniform Commercial Code, and a "clearing agency" registered pursuant to the provisions of Section 17A of the Exchange Act. The Depositary holds securities that its participants ("Direct Participants") deposit with the Depositary. The Depositary also facilitates the settlement among its Direct Participants of securities transactions, such as transfers and pledges, in deposited securities through electronic computerized book-entry changes in its participants' accounts, thereby eliminating the need for physical movement of securities. The Depositary's Direct Participants include securities brokers and dealers (including the underwriters), banks, trust companies, clearing corporations, and certain other organizations. The Depositary is owned by The Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation, which is owned by the users of its regulated subsidiaries. Access to the Depositary's system is also available to others such as securities brokers and dealers, banks and trust companies that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with a Direct Participant, either directly or indirectly ("Indirect Participants"). The rules applicable to the Depositary and its Direct and Indirect Participants are on file with the SEC.

        Clearstream advises that it is incorporated under the laws of Luxembourg as a bank. Clearstream holds securities for its customers and facilitates the clearance and settlement of securities transactions between its customers through electronic book-entry transfers between their accounts. Clearstream provides to its customers among other things, services for safekeeping, administration, clearance and settlement of internationally traded securities and securities lending and borrowing. Clearstream interfaces with domestic securities markets in over 30 countries through established depository and custodial relationships. As a bank, Clearstream is subject to regulation by the Luxembourg Commission for the Supervision of the Financial Sector, also known as the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier. Its customers are recognized financial institutions around the world, including underwriters, securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and certain other organizations. Its customers in the United States are limited to securities brokers and dealers and banks. Indirect access to Clearstream is also available to other institutions such as banks, brokers, dealers and trust companies that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with the customer.

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        Euroclear advises that it was created in 1968 to hold securities for its participants and to clear and settle transactions between Euroclear participants through simultaneous electronic book-entry delivery against payment, thereby eliminating the need for physical movement of certificates and any risk from lack of simultaneous transfers of securities and cash. Euroclear provides various other services, including securities lending and borrowing and interfaces with domestic markets in several countries. Euroclear is operated by Euroclear Bank S.A./N.V. Euroclear Clearance establishes policy for Euroclear on behalf of Euroclear participants. Euroclear participants include banks, including central banks, securities brokers and dealers and other professional financial intermediaries and may include the initial purchasers. Indirect access to Euroclear is also available to other firms that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with a Euroclear participant, either directly or indirectly. Securities clearance accounts and cash accounts with the Euroclear operator are governed by the terms and conditions governing use of Euroclear and the related operating procedures of Euroclear. These terms and conditions govern transfers of securities and cash within Euroclear, withdrawals of securities and cash from Euroclear, and receipts of payments with respect to securities in Euroclear. All securities in Euroclear are held on a fungible basis without attribution of specific certificates to specific securities clearance accounts. The Euroclear operator acts under the terms and conditions only on behalf of Euroclear participants and has no record of or relationship with persons holding through Euroclear participants.

        Euroclear further advises that investors that acquire, hold and transfer interests in the Notes by book-entry through accounts with the Euroclear operator or any other securities intermediary are subject to the laws and contractual provisions governing their relationship with their intermediary, as well as the laws and contractual provisions governing the relationship between such an intermediary and each other intermediary, if any, standing between themselves and the Global Securities.

        Purchases of Global Securities under the Depositary system must be made by or through Direct Participants, which will receive a credit for the Global Securities on the Depositary's records. The beneficial interest of each actual purchaser of each Global Security (a "Beneficial Owner") is in turn to be recorded on the records of the respective Direct Participant and Indirect Participant and Clearstream and Euroclear will credit on its book-entry registration and transfer system the number of Notes sold to certain non-U.S. persons to the account of institutions that have accounts with Euroclear, Clearstream or their respective nominee participants. Beneficial Owners will not receive written confirmation from the Depositary of their purchase, but Beneficial Owners are expected to receive written confirmations providing details of the transaction, as well as periodic statements of their holdings, from the Direct Participant or Indirect Participant through which the Beneficial Owner entered into the transaction.

        Title to book-entry interests in the Notes will pass by book-entry registration of the transfer within the records of Clearstream, Euroclear or the Depositary, as the case may be, in accordance with their respective procedures. Book-entry interests in the Notes may be transferred within Clearstream and within Euroclear and between Clearstream and Euroclear in accordance with procedures established for these purposes by Clearstream and Euroclear. Book-entry interests in the Notes may be transferred within the Depositary in accordance with procedures established for this purpose by the Depositary. Transfers of book-entry interests in the Notes among Clearstream and Euroclear and the Depositary may be effected in accordance with procedures established for this purpose by Clearstream, Euroclear and the Depositary.

        Payments of the principal of, premium, if any, and interest on the Notes represented by the Global Securities registered in the name of and held by the Depositary or its nominee will be made to the Depositary or its nominee, as the case may be, as the registered owners and holder of the Global Securities.

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        Conveyance of notices and other communications by the Depositary to Direct Participants, by Direct Participants to Indirect Participants, and by Direct Participants and Indirect Participants to Beneficial Owners will be governed by arrangements among them, subject to any statutory or regulatory requirements as may be in effect from time to time.

        Neither the Depositary nor any other nominee of the Depositary will consent or vote with respect to the Global Securities. Under its usual procedures, the Depositary mails an Omnibus Proxy to us as soon as possible after the record date. The Omnibus Proxy assigns the Depositary's consenting or voting rights to those Direct Participants to whose accounts the Global Securities are credited on the record date (identified in a listing attached to the Omnibus Proxy). Principal, premium, if any, and interest payments in respect of the Global Securities will be made to the Depositary or any other nominee as may be requested by an authorized representative of the Depositary. The Depositary's practice is to credit Direct Participants' accounts, upon the Depositary's receipt of funds and corresponding detail information from us or the paying agent on the payment date in accordance with their respective holdings shown on the Depositary's records. Payments by Direct Participants and Indirect Participants to Beneficial Owners will be governed by standing instructions and customary practices, as is the case with securities held for the accounts of customers in bearer form or registered in "street name," and will be the responsibility of each such Direct or Indirect Participant and not that of the Depositary, the trustee, the paying agent or us, subject to any statutory or regulatory requirements as may be in effect from time to time. Principal, premium, if any, and interest payments in respect of the Global Securities to the Depositary or other nominee requested by an authorized representative of the Depositary) is our responsibility, disbursement of such payments to Direct Participants will be the responsibility of the Depositary and disbursement of such payments to the Beneficial Owners will be the responsibility of Direct Participants and Indirect Participants.

        The laws of some states require that certain persons take physical delivery of securities in definitive form. Consequently, the ability to transfer beneficial interests in a Global Security to those persons may be limited. In addition, because the Depositary can act only on behalf of Direct Participants, which, in turn, act on behalf of Indirect Participants and certain banks, the ability of a person having a beneficial interest in a Global Security to pledge that interest to persons or entities that do not participate in the Depositary system, or otherwise take actions in respect of that interest, may be affected by the lack of a physical certificate evidencing that interest.

        Initial settlement for the Notes will be made in immediately available funds. Secondary market trading between the Depositary participants will occur in the ordinary way in accordance with the Depositary's rules and will be settled in immediately available funds using the Depositary's same-day funds settlement system. Secondary market trading between Clearstream customers and/or Euroclear participants will occur in the ordinary way in accordance with the applicable rules and operating procedures of Clearstream and Euroclear and will be settled using the procedures applicable to conventional eurobonds in immediately available funds.

        Cross-market transfers between persons holding directly or indirectly through the Depositary on the one hand, and directly or indirectly through Clearstream customers or Euroclear participants, on the other, will be effected in the Depositary in accordance with the Depositary's rules on behalf of the relevant European international clearing system by its U.S. depositary; however, such cross-market transactions will require delivery of instructions to the relevant European international clearing system by the counterparty in such system in accordance with its rules and procedures and within its established deadlines, in European time. The relevant European international clearing system will, if the transaction meets its settlement requirements, deliver instructions to its U.S. depository to take action to effect final settlement on its behalf by delivering interests in the Notes to or receiving interests in the Notes from the Depositary, and making or receiving payment in accordance with normal procedures for same-day funds settlement applicable to the Depositary. Clearstream customers and Euroclear participants may not deliver instructions directly to their respective U.S. Depositaries.

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        Because of time-zone differences, credits of interests in the Notes received by Clearstream or Euroclear as a result of a transaction with a Depositary participant will be made during subsequent securities settlement processing and dated the business day following the Depositary settlement date. Such credits or any transactions involving interests in such Notes settled during such processing will be reported to the relevant Clearstream customers or Euroclear participants on such business day. Cash received by Clearstream or Euroclear as a result of sales of interests in the Notes by or through a Clearstream customer or a Euroclear participant to a Depositary participant will be received with value on the Depositary settlement date but will be available in the relevant Clearstream or Euroclear cash account only as of the business day following settlement in the Depositary.

        Although the Depositary, Clearstream and Euroclear have each agreed to the foregoing procedures in order to facilitate transfers of interests in the Notes among their participants, they are under no obligation to perform or continue to perform such procedures and such procedures may be changed or discontinued at any time.

        The Global Security may not be transferred except as a whole to another nominee of the Depositary or to a successor Depositary selected or approved by us or to a nominee of that successor Depositary. A Global Security is exchangeable for definitive Notes in registered form in authorized denominations only if:

        The information in this section has been obtained from sources that we believe to be reliable, but neither we nor the underwriters take any responsibility for the accuracy thereof.

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ADDITIONAL MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS

        The following discussion supplements the discussion under the heading "Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations" in the accompanying prospectus. The following is a summary of certain material U.S. federal income tax considerations relating to the acquisition, ownership and disposition of the Notes. This discussion does not purport to be a complete analysis of all the potential tax considerations relating thereto. The information in this section is based on the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), current, temporary and proposed Treasury Regulations, the legislative history of the Code, current administrative interpretations and practices of the Internal Revenue Service (the "IRS"), including its practices and policies as endorsed in private letter rulings, which are not binding on the IRS (except with respect to the taxpayer that received the ruling), and existing court decisions. Future legislation, regulations, administrative interpretations and court decisions could change current law or adversely affect existing interpretations of current law. Any change could apply retroactively. It is possible that the IRS could challenge the statements in this discussion, which do not bind the IRS or the courts, and that a court could agree with the IRS.

        This summary deals only with Notes held as "capital assets" (within the meaning of Section 1221 of the Code) and does not address tax considerations applicable to an investor's particular circumstances or to investors that may be subject to special tax rules, including, without limitation, financial institutions (including banks), insurance companies, dealers in securities or currencies, persons subject to the mark-to-market rules of the Code, persons that will hold Notes as a position in a hedging transaction, "integrated transaction," "straddle" or "conversion transaction" for tax purposes, persons who are, or who hold Notes through, entities treated as partnerships for U.S. federal income tax purposes, U.S. Holders (as defined below) that have a "functional currency" other than the U.S. dollar, persons subject to the alternative minimum tax provisions of the Code and, except as expressly indicated below, tax-exempt organizations and non-U.S. Holders (as defined below).

        In addition, if a partnership (including for this purpose any entity treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes) is a holder of Notes, the tax treatment of a partner in the partnership will generally depend upon the status of the partner and upon the activities of the partnership. Holders that are partnerships, and partners in such partnerships, should consult their tax advisors about the U.S. federal income tax consequences of purchasing, holding and disposing of the Notes.

        Investors considering the purchase of the Notes should consult their tax advisors with respect to the application of the U.S. federal income tax laws to their particular situations as well as any tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or foreign taxing jurisdiction or under any applicable tax treaty.

        As used herein, the term "U.S. Holder" means any beneficial owner of a Note that is, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, (i) a citizen or resident, as defined in Section 7701(b) of the Code, of the United States, (ii) a corporation (or other entity treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes) created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia, (iii) an estate the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source, or (iv) in general, a trust subject to the primary supervision of a U.S. court and the control of one or more U.S. persons or a trust that was both treated as a domestic trust on August 19, 1996 and in existence on August 20, 1996 and has made a valid election to be treated as a U.S. person. As used herein, the term "non-U.S. Holder" means a beneficial owner of a Note (other than a partnership or an entity or arrangement treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes) that is not a U.S. Holder. The term "holder" includes both a U.S. Holder and a non-U.S. Holder.

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U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Ownership and Disposition of the Notes

U.S. Holders of the Notes

        Stated interest.     Payments of stated interest on a Note generally will be taxable to a U.S. Holder as ordinary income at the time such payments are accrued or are received, in accordance with the U.S. Holder's regular method of tax accounting.

        Market discount.     If a U.S. Holder purchases a Note after original issue for an amount that is less than its "stated redemption price at maturity," within the meaning of Section 1278(a)(5) of the Code (as determined on the purchase date), such U.S. Holder will be treated as having purchased such Note at a "market discount," unless such market discount is less than a de minimis amount ( 1 / 4 of 1 percent of the stated redemption price of the Note at maturity times the number of complete years to maturity after the U.S. Holder acquires the Note).

        Under the market discount rules, a U.S. Holder will be required to treat any partial principal payment on a Note, or any gain realized on the sale, conversion, retirement or other disposition of a Note, as ordinary income to the extent of the lesser of (i) the amount of such payment or realized gain or (ii) the market discount which has not previously been included in income and is treated as having accrued on such Note at the time of such payment or disposition. If a U.S. Holder disposes of a Note with market discount in certain otherwise non-taxable transactions, the U.S. Holder must include accrued market discount as ordinary income as if the U.S. Holder had sold the Note at its then fair market value. Market discount will be considered to accrue ratably during the period from the date of acquisition to the maturity date of the Note, unless the U.S. Holder elects to accrue market discount on a constant yield basis. Once made, such an election may be revoked only with the consent of the IRS and, therefore, should only be made in consultation with a tax advisor.

        A U.S. Holder may be required to defer the deduction of all or a portion of the interest paid or accrued on any indebtedness incurred or maintained to purchase or carry a Note with market discount until the maturity of the Note or certain earlier dispositions. A U.S. Holder may elect to include market discount in income currently as it accrues (on either a ratable or constant yield basis), in which case the rules described above regarding the treatment as ordinary income of gain upon the disposition of the Note and upon the receipt of certain cash payments and regarding the deferral of interest deductions will not apply. Generally, such currently included market discount is treated as ordinary interest for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Such an election will apply to all debt instruments with market discount acquired by the U.S. Holder on or after the first day of the taxable year to which such election applies and may be revoked only with the consent of the IRS. The election, therefore, should only be made in consultation with a tax advisor.

        Amortizable bond premium.     If a U.S. Holder purchases a Note for an amount that is greater than the sum of all amounts payable on the Note after the purchase date, other than regularly scheduled interest payments, such U.S. Holder will be considered to have purchased the Note with "amortizable bond premium," generally equal in amount to such excess.

        A U.S. Holder may elect to amortize bond premium on a Note. If you elect to amortize premium, the amortized premium will reduce your tax basis in the Note. Once made, the election applies to all taxable debt instruments then owned and thereafter acquired by the U.S. Holder on or after the first day of the taxable year to which such election applies, and may be revoked only with the consent of the IRS. The election, therefore, should only be made in consultation with a tax advisor.

        Election to include all interest in income using a constant yield method.     All U.S. Holders may generally, upon election, include in income all interest (including stated interest, market discount, de minimis market discount, and unstated interest, as adjusted by any amortizable bond premium or acquisition premium) that accrues on a Note by using a constant yield method, subject to certain

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limitations and exceptions. Because this election will affect how the U.S. Holder treats debt instruments other than the Notes, it should be made only in consultation with a tax advisor.

        Sale, exchange, retirement or other disposition of the Notes.     Upon the sale, exchange, conversion, redemption, repurchase, retirement or other disposition of a Note, a U.S. Holder generally will recognize gain or loss in an amount equal to the difference between (i) the amount of cash proceeds and the fair market value of any property received on the disposition (except to the extent such amount is attributable to accrued but unpaid stated interest, which is taxable as ordinary income if not previously included in such U.S. Holder's income) and (ii) such U.S. Holder's adjusted tax basis in the Note. A U.S. Holder's adjusted tax basis in a Note generally will equal the cost of the Note to such U.S. Holder (exclusive of any portion of the cost attributable to accrued, but unpaid stated interest) (i) increased by any accrued market discount the U.S. Holder has included in income and (ii) decreased by (A) the amount of any principal payments received with respect to the Notes, and (B) amortized bond premium taken with respect to such Note. Any gain or loss recognized on such a disposition of a Note will be capital gain or loss (except, in the case of gain, to the extent of accrued market discount not previously included in income, which will be treated as ordinary income) and will generally be long-term capital gain or loss if the Note has been held for more than one year at the time of the disposition. The maximum tax rate on long-term capital gains to U.S. Holders taxed at individual rates is generally 15% (for taxable years through December 31, 2012). The deductibility of capital losses may be subject to limitations.

        U.S. Holders holding through foreign accounts or intermediaries.     U.S. Holders holding their Notes through foreign accounts or intermediaries should refer to "—Non-U.S. Holders of the Notes—Recently enacted legislation" below.

Non-U.S. Holders of the Notes

        The rules governing the U.S. federal income taxation of a non-U.S. Holder are complex and no attempt will be made herein to provide more than a summary of such rules. The following discussion addresses only certain and not all aspects of U.S. federal income taxation. Special rules may apply to certain non-U.S. Holders such as "controlled foreign corporations" ("CFCs") and "passive foreign investment companies." Non-U.S. Holders should consult their tax advisors to determine the effect of U.S. federal, state, local and foreign tax laws, as well as tax treaties, with regard to an investment in the Notes.

        For purposes of the following discussion, income and gain on the sale or other disposition of a Note will be considered to be "U.S. trade or business income" if such income or gain is (i) effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States and (ii) in the case of a non-U.S. Holder eligible for the benefits of an applicable U.S. bilateral income tax treaty, attributable to a permanent establishment (or, in the case of an individual, a fixed base) in the United States, if required by the treaty.

        Current income.     Subject to recently enacted legislation discussed below, a non-U.S. Holder generally will not be subject to U.S. tax on payments on the Notes (other than proceeds from a disposition of a Note, as discussed below) provided that (i) the non-U.S. Holder does not actually or constructively own 10% or more of the interests in our capital or profits, within the meaning of Section 871(h)(3) of the Code, is not a CFC with respect to which we are a "related person" within the meaning of Section 864(d)(4) of the Code, and is not a bank described in Section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Code and (ii) the non-U.S. Holder provides a qualifying statement that the owner is not a U.S. person and the withholding agent does not have actual knowledge or reason to know otherwise. To satisfy the qualifying statement requirement referred to in (ii) above, the beneficial owner of a Note must provide a properly executed IRS Form W-8BEN (or appropriate substitute form) prior to the receipt of payments on the Note.

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        If a non-U.S. Holder does not satisfy the above requirements, the gross amount of interest payments on the Note that do not constitute U.S. trade or business income will be subject to U.S. federal withholding tax at the rate of 30%, unless a U.S. income tax treaty applies to reduce or eliminate withholding. U.S. trade or business income will instead be taxed at regular graduated U.S. income tax rates. In the case of a non-U.S. Holder that is a corporation, such U.S. trade or business income may also, under certain circumstances, be subject to the branch profits tax at a 30% (or, if applicable, treaty reduced) rate. To claim the benefit of a tax treaty or to claim exemption from withholding because the income is U.S. trade or business income, the non-U.S. Holder must provide a properly executed IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8ECI, as applicable, prior to the receipt of payments on the Note. In addition, a non-U.S. Holder may, under certain circumstances, be required to obtain a U.S. taxpayer identification number and make certain certifications to us. Special procedures are provided for payments through qualified intermediaries. A non-U.S. Holder of a Note that is eligible for a reduced rate of U.S. withholding tax pursuant to an income tax treaty may obtain a refund of amounts withheld at a higher rate by filing an appropriate claim for a refund with the IRS.

        Disposition of the Notes.     Subject to recently enacted legislation discussed below, any gain realized on the sale, exchange, redemption, repurchase, retirement or other taxable disposition of a Note by a non-U.S. Holder (except to the extent such amount is attributable to accrued but unpaid stated interest, which would be taxable as described in the preceding section captioned " Current income ") generally will be exempt from U.S. federal income and withholding taxes so long as: (i) the gain is not U.S. trade or business income of the non-U.S. Holder and (ii) in the case of a foreign individual, the non-U.S. Holder is not present in the United States for 183 days or more in the taxable year.

        Except to the extent that an applicable income tax treaty otherwise provides, a non-U.S. Holder whose gain with respect to a Note is U.S. trade or business income of such non-U.S. Holder will generally be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the gain at regular U.S. federal income tax rates, as if the holder were a U.S. person. In the case of a non-U.S. Holder that is a corporation, such U.S. trade or business income may also, under certain circumstances, be subject to the branch profits tax at a 30% (or, if applicable, treaty reduced) rate.

        Recently enacted legislation.     A U.S. federal withholding tax at a 30% rate will apply to interest payments made after December 31, 2013 and proceeds of sale in respect of debt obligations received after December 31, 2014 by certain non-U.S. Holders (or U.S. Holders holding through foreign accounts or intermediaries), if certain disclosure requirements related to U.S. ownership or accounts are not satisfied. In general, under proposed Treasury regulations, this new withholding tax is not expected to apply to obligations that are issued prior to January 1, 2013. If the proposed Treasury regulations are not finalized or the Notes were "significantly modified" on or after January 1, 2013 in such a way that they were considered to be re-issued for U.S. federal income tax purposes, this legislation could apply to interest payments and proceeds of sale in respect of the Notes. If we are required to withhold any U.S. federal withholding tax on payments made to any holder of our Notes, we will pay such withheld amount to the IRS. That payment, if made, will be treated as a payment of cash to the holder of the Notes with respect to whom the payment was made and will reduce the amount of cash to which such holder would otherwise be entitled.

Information reporting and backup withholding

        Payments of interest and other current income made by us on, and the proceeds of the sale or other disposition (including a redemption) of, the Notes may be subject to information reporting and U.S. federal backup withholding tax at the current rate of 28% if the recipient of such payment fails to supply an accurate taxpayer identification number or otherwise fails to comply with applicable U.S. information reporting or certification requirements. Any amount withheld under the backup withholding rules is allowable as a credit against the holder's U.S. federal income tax, provided that the required information is furnished to the IRS.

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CERTAIN ERISA CONSIDERATIONS

        Each fiduciary of a pension, profit-sharing or other employee benefit plan subject to Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended ("ERISA") (each, an "ERISA Plan"), should consider the fiduciary standards of ERISA in the context of the ERISA Plan's particular circumstances before authorizing an investment in the Notes. Accordingly, among other factors, the fiduciary should consider whether the investment would satisfy the prudence and diversification requirements of ERISA and would be consistent with its fiduciary responsibilities, and the documents and instruments governing the ERISA Plan.

        In addition, we, certain of our subsidiaries and the underwriters, the Trustee, the Registrar and Paying Agent, the Depository and our and their respective affiliates may be each considered a "party in interest" within the meaning of ERISA, or a "disqualified person" within the meaning of Section 4975 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), with respect to many ERISA Plans, as well as with respect to many plans that are described in and subject to Section 4975 of the Code (such plans together with ERISA Plans are referred to herein as "Plans"). Prohibited transactions within the meaning of ERISA and the Code could arise, for example, if the Notes are acquired by or with the assets of a Plan with respect to which we, any of our subsidiaries or affiliates and the other persons referenced above is a party in interest or disqualified person unless the transaction qualifies for an exemption from the prohibited transaction rules of ERISA and the Code. A violation of these prohibited transaction rules could result in an excise tax or other liabilities under ERISA and/or Section 4975 of the Code for such persons, unless exemptive relief is available under an applicable exemption.

        In this regard, exemptive relief from the prohibited transaction rules under Section 406 of ERISA and Section 4975 of the Code may be available for direct or indirect prohibited transactions resulting from the purchase, holding or disposition of the Notes. Those exemptions include Prohibited Transaction Class Exemption ("PTCE") 96-23 (for certain transactions determined by in-house asset managers), PTCE 95-60 (for certain transactions involving insurance company general accounts), PTCE 91-38 (for certain transactions involving bank collective investment funds), PTCE 90-1 (for certain transactions involving insurance company pooled separate accounts), and PTCE 84-14 (for certain transactions determined by independent qualified professional asset managers). In addition, the exemption under Section 408(b)(17) of ERISA and Section 4975(d)(20) of the Code provides exemptive relief for certain arm's length transactions with a person (other than a fiduciary or an affiliate of a fiduciary that has or exercises discretionary authority or control or renders investment advice with respect to the Plan assets involved in the transaction) that is a party in interest or disqualified person solely by reason of providing services to Plans or being an affiliate of such a service provider. However, there can be no assurance that any of these class exemptions, the statutory exemption referenced above or any other exemption will be available with respect to any particular transaction involving the Notes.

        Because we, our affiliates and the other persons referenced above may be considered a party in interest or disqualified person with respect to many Plans, the Notes may not be purchased or held by any Plan, any entity whose underlying assets include "plan assets" by reason of any Plan's investment in the entity (a "Plan Asset Entity") or any person investing plan assets of any Plan, unless (i) an exemption applies with respect to, and the conditions for exemptive relief will be satisfied in connection with, such purchase and holding or (ii) such purchase and holding will not otherwise constitute a non-exempt prohibited transaction.

        Governmental plans, certain church plans and non-United States plans (collectively, "Non-ERISA Plans"), while not subject to the fiduciary responsibility provisions of ERISA or the provisions of Section 4975 of the Code, may nevertheless be subject to local, state, federal, non-U.S. or other laws or regulations that are substantially similar to the foregoing provisions of Section 406 of ERISA or

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Section 4975 of the Code (collectively, "Similar Laws"). Fiduciaries of any such Non-ERISA Plans should consult with their counsel before purchasing any Notes.

        Accordingly, each purchaser, transferee and holder of the Notes (or any interest therein) will be deemed to have represented, in its corporate and its fiduciary capacity, by its purchase or holding of the Notes that either (a) it is not a Plan, a Plan Asset Entity or a Non-ERISA Plan and is not purchasing or holding such Notes (or any interest therein) on behalf of or with the assets of any Plan, Plan Asset Entity or a Non-ERISA Plan or (b) its purchase and holding of the Notes will not constitute or result in a non-exempt prohibited transaction under Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code or a violation of any applicable Similar Law.

        The foregoing discussion is general in nature and is not intended to be all inclusive. Due to the complexity of these rules and the penalties that may be imposed upon persons involved in non-exempt prohibited transactions, it is particularly important that fiduciaries, or other persons considering purchasing the Notes on behalf of, or with the assets of, any plan, consult with their counsel regarding the potential applicability of ERISA, Section 4975 of the Code and any Similar Laws to such investment and whether an exemption would be applicable to the purchase and holding of the Notes.

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UNDERWRITING (CONFLICTS OF INTEREST)

        Citigroup Global Markets Inc., Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC, UBS Securities LLC and Wells Fargo Securities, LLC are acting as joint book-running managers of the offering and as representatives of the underwriters named below. Subject to the terms and conditions stated in the underwriting agreement dated the date of this prospectus supplement, each underwriter named below has severally agreed to purchase, and we have agreed to sell to that underwriter, the principal amount of Notes set forth opposite the underwriter's name.

Underwriter
  Principal Amount
of Notes
 

Citigroup Global Markets Inc. 

  $ 21,625,000  

Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC

    21,625,000  

UBS Securities LLC

    21,625,000  

Wells Fargo Securities, LLC

    21,625,000  

KKR Capital Markets LLC

    5,000,000  

RBC Capital Markets, LLC

    5,000,000  

BNY Mellon Capital Markets, LLC

    500,000  

FBR Capital Markets & Co. 

    500,000  

Girard Securities, Inc. 

    500,000  

Janney Montgomery Scott LLC

    500,000  

KeyBanc Capital Markets Inc. 

    500,000  

Morgan Keegan & Company, Inc. 

    500,000  

Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. 

    500,000  
       

Total

  $ 100,000,000  
       

        The underwriting agreement provides that the obligations of the underwriters to purchase the Notes included in this offering are subject to approval of legal matters by counsel and to other conditions. The underwriters are obligated to purchase all the Notes if they purchase any of the Notes.

        Notes sold by the underwriters to the public will initially be offered at the initial public offering price set forth on the cover of this prospectus supplement. Any Notes sold by the underwriters to securities dealers may be sold at a discount from the initial public offering price not to exceed $0.50 per Note; provided, however, that such concession for sales to certain institutions will not be in excess of $0.30 per Note. Any such securities dealers may resell any Notes purchased from the underwriters to certain other brokers or dealers at a discount from the initial public offering price not to exceed $0.45 per Note. If all the Notes are not sold at the initial offering price, the underwriters may change the offering price and the other selling terms.

        The amount of the underwriting discount (expressed as a percentage of the principal amount of the Notes) to be paid by us to the underwriters in connection with this offering is 3.15%. However, the amount of the underwriting discount to be paid by us to the underwriters in connection with this offering for sales to certain institutions is 2.00%.

        The estimated offering expenses payable by us (excluding the underwriting discount) are approximately $500,000, which includes legal, accounting and printing costs and various other fees associated with registering the Notes.

        If the underwriters sell more than the total principal amount set forth in the table above, the underwriters have an option to purchase up to an additional $15,000,000 aggregate principal amount of the Notes at the initial public offering price less the underwriting discount from us to cover such sales. They may exercise that option for 30 days. If any Notes are purchased pursuant to this option, the underwriters will severally purchase Notes in approximately the same proportion as set forth in the

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table above. Any Notes issued or sold under the option will be issued and sold on the same terms and conditions as the other Notes that are the subject of this offering.

        We have agreed that for a period of 30 days after the date of the offering of the Notes, we will not (i) offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant to purchase, or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, or file with the SEC a registration statement under the Securities Act relating to debt securities that are substantially similar to the Notes issued or guaranteed by us, or publicly disclose the intention to make any offer, sale, pledge, disposition or filing, or (ii) enter into any swap or other agreement that transfers, in whole or in part, any of the economic consequences of ownership of any such debt securities, whether any such transaction described in clause (i) or (ii) above is to be settled by delivery of such debt securities, in cash or otherwise, without the prior written consent of the representatives; provided that we may issue and sell the Notes to the underwriters pursuant to the underwriting agreement.

        Prior to this offering, there has been no public market for the Notes. We intend to apply to list the Notes on the NYSE under the symbol "KFI." If the application is approved, we expect trading in the Notes on the NYSE to begin within 30 days after the Notes are first issued.

        In connection with the offering, the underwriters may purchase and sell Notes in the open market. Purchases and sales in the open market may include short sales, purchases to cover short positions and stabilizing purchases.

        Purchases to cover short positions and stabilizing purchases, as well as other purchases by the underwriters for their own accounts, may have the effect of preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of the Notes. They may also cause the price of the Notes to be higher than the price that would otherwise exist in the open market in the absence of these transactions. The underwriters may conduct these transactions in the over-the-counter market or otherwise. If the underwriters commence any of these transactions, they may discontinue them at any time.

        We expect to deliver the Notes against payment for the Notes on or about the date specified in the last paragraph of the cover page of this prospectus supplement, which will be the fifth business day following the date of the pricing of the Notes. Under Rule 15c6-1 of the Exchange Act, trades in the secondary market generally are required to settle in three business days, unless the parties to a trade expressly agree otherwise. Accordingly, purchasers who wish to trade Notes on the date of pricing or the next succeeding business day will be required, by virtue of the fact that the Notes initially will settle in T+5, to specify alternative settlement arrangements to prevent a failed settlement.

        We entered into the Management Agreement with KKR Financial Advisors LLC, an affiliate of KKR Capital Markets LLC, on May 4, 2007, as amended on June 15, 2007 whereby KKR Financial Advisors LLC was appointed as our Manager. Pursuant to the terms of the Management Agreement, KKR Financial Advisors LLC has provided us assistance with various operational and other services. KKR Financial Advisors LLC has been paid a base monthly fee as well as quarterly incentive compensation in connection with such services. KKR Financial Advisors LLC has also been reimbursed for certain expenses incurred on our behalf. In addition, an affiliate of KKR Capital Markets LLC provides management services to certain of our subsidiaries for which it receives a management fee and

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expense reimbursement. As of March 1, 2012, KKR Capital Markets LLC and its affiliates including their employees, owned approximately 6.3% of our common shares.

        All of the foregoing transactions have been entered into on an arms-length basis and at market terms.

        The underwriters and their respective affiliates have performed commercial banking, investment banking and advisory services for us from time to time for which they have received customary fees and reimbursement of expenses. The underwriters and their respective affiliates may, from time to time, engage in transactions with and perform services for us in the ordinary course of their business for which they may receive customary fees and reimbursement of expenses. Affiliates of Citigroup Global Markets Inc. and Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC are lenders under our $250.0 million asset-based revolving credit facility. In addition, an affiliate of Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC is a lender under our $137.2 million non-recourse, asset-based revolving credit facility.

        In addition, in the ordinary course of their various business activities, the underwriters and their respective affiliates may make or hold a broad array of investments and actively trade debt and equity securities (or related derivative securities) and financial instruments (including bank loans) for their own account and for the accounts of their customers, and such investment and securities activities may involve securities and instruments of ours or our affiliates. Certain of the underwriters and their affiliates that have a lending relationship with us routinely hedge their credit exposure to us consistent with their customary risk management policies. Typically, such underwriters and their affiliates would hedge such exposure by entering into transactions which consist of either the purchase of credit default swaps or the creation of short positions in our securities, including potentially the Notes. Any such short positions could adversely affect future trading prices of the Notes. The underwriters and their respective affiliates may also make investment recommendations or publish or express independent research views in respect of such securities or financial instruments and may at any time hold, or recommend to clients that they acquire, long or short positions in such securities and instruments.

        We have agreed to indemnify the underwriters against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or to contribute to payments the underwriters may be required to make because of any of those liabilities.

        In relation to each member state of the European Economic Area that has implemented the Prospectus Directive (each, a relevant member state), with effect from and including the date on which the Prospectus Directive is implemented in that relevant member state (the relevant implementation date), an offer of Notes described in this prospectus supplement may not be made to the public in that relevant member state other than:

provided that no such offer of securities shall require us or any underwriter to publish a prospectus pursuant to Article 3 of the Prospectus Directive.

        For purposes of this provision, the expression an "offer of securities to the public" in any relevant member state means the communication in any form and by any means of sufficient information on the

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terms of the offer and the securities to be offered so as to enable an investor to decide to purchase or subscribe for the securities, as the expression may be varied in that member state by any measure implementing the Prospectus Directive in that member state, and the expression "Prospectus Directive" means Directive 2003/71/EC (and amendments thereto, including the 2010 PD Amending Directive, to the extent implemented in the relevant member state) and includes any relevant implementing measure in each relevant member state. The expression 2010 PD Amending Directive means Directive 2010/73/EU.

        The sellers of the Notes have not authorized and do not authorize the making of any offer of Notes through any financial intermediary on their behalf, other than offers made by the underwriters with a view to the final placement of the Notes as contemplated in this prospectus supplement. Accordingly, no purchaser of the Notes, other than the underwriters, is authorized to make any further offer of the Notes on behalf of the sellers or the underwriters.

        This prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus are only being distributed to, and is only directed at, persons in the United Kingdom that are qualified investors within the meaning of Article 2(1)(e) of the Prospectus Directive that are also (i) investment professionals falling within Article 19(5) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005 (the "Order") or (ii) high net worth entities, and other persons to whom it may lawfully be communicated, falling within Article 49(2)(a) to (d) of the Order (each such person being referred to as a "relevant person"). This prospectus supplement and its contents are confidential and should not be distributed, published or reproduced (in whole or in part) or disclosed by recipients to any other persons in the United Kingdom. Any person in the United Kingdom that is not a relevant person should not act or rely on this document or any of its contents.

        The Notes may not be offered or sold in Hong Kong by means of any document other than (i) in circumstances which do not constitute an offer to the public within the meaning of the Companies Ordinance (Cap. 32, Laws of Hong Kong), or (ii) to "professional investors" within the meaning of the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap. 571, Laws of Hong Kong) and any rules made thereunder, or (iii) in other circumstances which do not result in the document being a "prospectus" within the meaning of the Companies Ordinance (Cap. 32, Laws of Hong Kong) and no advertisement, invitation or document relating to the Notes may be issued or may be in the possession of any person for the purpose of issue (in each case whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere), which is directed at, or the contents of which are likely to be accessed or read by, the public in Hong Kong (except if permitted to do so under the laws of Hong Kong) other than with respect to Notes which are or are intended to be disposed of only to persons outside Hong Kong or only to "professional investors" within the meaning of the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap. 571, Laws of Hong Kong) and any rules made thereunder.

        The Notes offered in this prospectus supplement have not been registered under the Securities and Exchange Law of Japan, and the Notes have not been offered or sold and will not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, in Japan or to or for the account of any resident of Japan, except (i) pursuant to an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities and Exchange Law and (ii) in compliance with any other applicable requirements of Japanese law.

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        This prospectus supplement has not been registered as a prospectus with the Monetary Authority of Singapore. Accordingly, this offering memorandum and any other document or material in connection with the offer or sale, or invitation for subscription or purchase, of the Notes may not be circulated or distributed, nor may the Notes be offered or sold, or be made the subject of an invitation for subscription or purchase, whether directly or indirectly, to persons in Singapore other than (i) to an institutional investor under Section 274 of the Securities and Futures Act, Chapter 289 of Singapore (the "SFA"), (ii) to a relevant person pursuant to Section 275(1), or any person pursuant to Section 275(1A), and in accordance with the conditions specified in Section 275 of the SFA or (iii) otherwise pursuant to, and in accordance with the conditions of, any other applicable provision of the SFA, in each case subject to compliance with conditions set forth in the SFA. Where the Notes are subscribed or purchased under Section 275 of the SFA by a relevant person which is:

Conflicts of Interest

        KKR Financial Advisors LLC, an affiliate of KKR Capital Markets LLC, is our manager and accordingly may be deemed to be our affiliate. As a result, KKR Capital Markets LLC is deemed to have a "conflict of interest" under the applicable provisions of Rule 5121 of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. Accordingly, this offering will be made in compliance with the applicable provisions of Rule 5121 of the Conduct Rules. In accordance with Rule 5121, KKR Capital Markets LLC will not make sales to discretionary accounts without the prior written consent of the customer.

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LEGAL MATTERS

        Certain legal matters will be passed upon for us by Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP, Palo Alto, California. Hunton & Williams LLP, our special tax counsel, will pass upon certain U.S. federal income tax matters. Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP, our special 1940 Act counsel, will pass upon certain 1940 Act matters. Certain partners of Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP, members of their families and related persons have an interest representing less than 1% of our common shares. Certain legal matters related to this offering will be passed upon for the underwriters by Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP, New York, New York.


EXPERTS

        The consolidated financial statements incorporated in this prospectus supplement by reference from our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 and the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting have been audited by Deloitte & Touche LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their reports, which are incorporated herein by reference. Such financial statements have been so incorporated in reliance upon the reports of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.


INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

        This prospectus supplement "incorporates by reference" certain information we file with the SEC under the Exchange Act. This means that we are disclosing important information to you by referring you to these filings. The information we incorporate by reference is considered a part of this prospectus supplement, and subsequent information that we file with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information.

        Any statement contained in a document incorporated or considered to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement shall be considered to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus supplement to the extent a statement contained in this prospectus supplement or in any other subsequently filed document that is or is deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement modifies or supersedes such statement.

        We incorporate by reference the following documents that we have filed with the SEC:

        We are not incorporating by reference any information furnished under Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of Form 8-K into any filing under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act or into this prospectus.

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        In addition, we incorporate by reference any future filings we make with the SEC pursuant to Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act from the date of this prospectus supplement until we have sold all of the Notes to which this prospectus supplement relates or the offering is otherwise terminated. We will provide free copies of any of those documents, if you write or telephone us at:

KKR Financial Holdings LLC
555 California Street, 50th Floor
San Francisco, California 94104
Attention: Investor Relations
(415) 315-3620

        You also may review a copy of the prospectus and registration statement and its exhibits at the SEC's Public Reference Room in Washington, D.C., as well as through the SEC's internet website (See "Where You Can Find More Information" in this prospectus supplement).

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PROSPECTUS

KKR Financial Holdings LLC

Common Shares
Preferred Shares
Depositary Shares
Warrants to Purchase Common Shares, Preferred Shares, Depositary Shares
or Debt Securities
Subscription Rights to Purchase Common Shares, Preferred Shares, Depositary Shares
or Debt Securities
Debt Securities
Guarantees of Debt Securities
Share Purchase Contracts
Share Purchase Units
Senior Notes
Guarantees of Senior Notes



         We and any selling securityholders may offer from time to time:

         We will provide specific terms of any offering of these securities in a prospectus supplement or a free writing prospectus. The securities may be offered separately or together or in units in any combination and as separate series. You should read this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement and free writing prospectus we may provide to you, as well as the documents incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus, carefully before you invest.

         Ownership of our shares by any person is generally limited to 9.8% in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive. In addition, our operating agreement contains other limitations on the ownership and transfer of our shares. However, pursuant to our operating agreement, our board of directors may, under certain circumstances, terminate these limitations on ownership and transfer of our shares or grant exemptions to certain persons. For additional information on the ownership and transfer restrictions on our shares, see "Description of Shares—Certain Provisions of the Operating Agreement—Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer."

         Our common shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange, or "NYSE," under the symbol "KFN." November 4, 2011, the last reported sale price of our common shares on the NYSE was $8.18 per share.

          Investing in our securities involves risks. See "Risk Factors" on page 5 of this prospectus.

          Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

         We or any selling securityholders may sell these securities on a continuous or delayed basis directly, through agents, dealers or underwriters as designated from time to time, or through a combination of these methods. We and any selling securityholders reserve the sole right to accept, and we and any selling securityholders and any agents, dealers and underwriters reserve the right to reject, in whole or in part, any proposed purchase of securities. If any agents, dealers or underwriters are involved in the sale of any securities, the applicable prospectus supplement or a free writing prospectus will set forth any applicable commissions or discounts payable to them. The names of the selling securityholders, if any, will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus. Our net proceeds from the sale of the securities also will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the securities to which this prospectus relates that are offered by any selling securityholders.



The date of this prospectus is November 7, 2011


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
  Page

KKR FINANCIAL HOLDINGS LLC

  4

RISK FACTORS

 
5

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 
5

USE OF PROCEEDS

 
7

RATIOS OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES

 
8

MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS

 
9

DESCRIPTION OF SHARES

 
31

DESCRIPTION OF SENIOR NOTES AND GUARANTEES

 
44

DESCRIPTION OF OTHER SECURITIES

 
64

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

 
65

LEGAL MATTERS

 
66

EXPERTS

 
66

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

 
66

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

 
67

        This prospectus is part of an automatic shelf registration statement that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the "SEC," as a "well-known seasoned issuer" as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the "Securities Act," utilizing a "shelf" registration process. Under this shelf registration process, we or any selling securityholders may sell any of the securities described in this prospectus in one or more offerings. Each time we or any selling securityholders sell securities, we will provide a supplement to this prospectus that contains specific information about the terms of the offering and of the securities being offered and information regarding the selling securityholders, if any. The prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement and free writing prospectus together with information incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference herein as described under "Incorporation by Reference" and the additional information described under "Where You Can Find More Information" before making an investment in our securities.

         You should rely only on the information contained or incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus and in any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus that we may provide to you in connection with an offering of our securities described in this prospectus. Neither we nor any selling securityholders have authorized anyone to provide you with different or additional information. If anyone provides you with different or additional information, you should not rely on it. This prospectus does not constitute, and any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus that we may provide to you in connection with an offering of our securities described in this prospectus will not constitute, an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to purchase, the offered securities in any jurisdiction to or from any person to whom or from whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation in such jurisdiction. You should assume that the information contained in this prospectus, in any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus that we may provide to you in connection with an offering of our securities described in this prospectus, or in any document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus or any prospectus

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supplement is accurate only as of the date of that document. Neither the delivery of this prospectus nor any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus that we may provide to you in connection with an offering of our securities described in this prospectus nor any distribution of securities pursuant to this prospectus or any such prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus shall, under any circumstances, create any implication that there has been no change in the information set forth in this prospectus, any such prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus or any document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement since the date thereof.

        For investors outside the United States: neither we nor any selling securityholders have done anything that would permit this offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus or any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than in the United States. You are required to inform yourselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to an offering of our securities described in this prospectus and the distribution of this prospectus and any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus.

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KKR FINANCIAL HOLDINGS LLC

         This prospectus contains certain information about KKR Financial Holdings LLC and our common shares, preferred shares, depositary shares, warrants, subscription rights, debt securities, share purchase contracts, share purchase units, senior notes and about the guarantees of our debt securities or senior notes by certain of our subsidiaries. This prospectus is not complete and does not contain all of the information that you should consider before making an investment in our securities. You should read carefully the information appearing in this prospectus and in any prospectus supplement and free writing prospectus we may provide to you in connection with an offering of our securities described in this prospectus and in the documents incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus.

         Unless otherwise expressly stated or the context otherwise requires, the terms "we," "our company," "us" and "our" and similar terms refer to KKR Financial Holdings LLC and its subsidiaries; "Manager" means KKR Financial Advisors LLC; "KKR" means Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P. and its affiliated companies (excluding portfolio companies that are minority or majority owned or managed by funds associated with KKR); "management agreement" means the amended and restated management agreement between KKR Financial Holdings LLC and the Manager; "operating agreement" means the amended and restated operating agreement of KKR Financial Holdings LLC; "common shares" and "preferred shares" mean common shares and preferred shares, respectively, representing limited liability company interests in KKR Financial Holdings LLC; and references to "our shares" (and similar references) mean common shares and preferred shares of KKR Financial Holdings LLC; "debt securities" means our debt securities that we or any selling securityholders may offer pursuant to this prospectus; "senior notes" refers to our senior notes that we or any selling securityholders may offer pursuant to this prospectus; and references to "$" and "dollars" mean U.S. dollars.

        We are a specialty finance company with expertise in a range of asset classes. Our core business strategy is to leverage the proprietary resources of our Manager with the objective of generating both current income and capital appreciation by deploying capital to our strategies, which include bank loans and high yield securities, mezzanine, special situations, natural resources, commercial real estate and private equity. Our holdings across these strategies primarily consist of below investment grade syndicated corporate loans, also known as leveraged loans, high yield debt securities and private equity. The corporate loans that we hold are purchased via assignment or participation in the primary or secondary market. In addition to financial instruments we hold across our strategies, we deploy capital to both working and royalty interests in oil and gas properties through our natural resources strategy.

        The majority of our holdings consist of corporate loans and high yield securities held in collateralized loan obligation ("CLO") transactions that are structured as on-balance sheet securitizations and are used as long term financing for our investments in corporate debt. The senior secured debt issued by the CLO transactions is generally owned by unaffiliated third party investors and we own the majority of the mezzanine and subordinated notes in the CLO transactions. We execute our core business strategy through our majority-owned subsidiaries, including CLOs.

        We are externally managed and advised pursuant to a management agreement by KKR Financial Advisors LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of KKR Asset Management LLC. KKR Asset Management LLC is a wholly-owned subsidiary of KKR. All of our executive officers are employees or members of KKR or one or more of its affiliates. The executive offices of our Manager are located at 555 California Street, 50th Floor, San Francisco, California 94104 and the telephone number of our Manager's executive offices is (415) 315-3620.

        We are a Delaware limited liability company and were organized on January 17, 2007. We are the successor to KKR Financial Corp., a Maryland corporation. Our common shares are publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") under the symbol "KFN". We intend to continue to operate so as to qualify, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, as a partnership and not as an association or publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation.

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RISK FACTORS

        Investing in our securities involves risks. In addition to the risks discussed below under "Cautionary Note Regarding Forwarding-Looking Statements," you should carefully review the risks discussed under the caption "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended September 30, 2011, which are incorporated by reference in this prospectus, and under the caption "Risk Factors" or any similar caption in the other documents that we have filed or subsequently file with the SEC that are incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus as described below under "Incorporation by Reference" and in any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus that we provide you in connection with an offering of securities pursuant to this prospectus. You should also carefully review the other risks and uncertainties discussed in the documents incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus and in any such prospectus supplement and free writing prospectus. The risks and uncertainties discussed below and in the documents referred to above and other matters discussed in those documents could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations and the market price of our shares and any other securities we may issue. Moreover, the risks and uncertainties discussed below and in the foregoing documents are not the only risks and uncertainties that we face, and our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations and the market price of our shares and any other securities we may issue could be materially adversely affected by other matters that are not known to us or that we currently do not consider to be material risks to our business.


CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

        This prospectus and the documents incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference herein contain, and any prospectus supplement and free writing prospectus that we may provide to you in connection with an offering of our securities described in this prospectus may contain, forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the "Exchange Act." Forward-looking statements relate to expectations, beliefs, estimates, projections, future plans and strategies, anticipated events or trends and similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. In some cases, you can identify forward looking statements by terms such as "aim," "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "plan," "potential," "project," "should," "strive" and "would" or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology and similar words.

        The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations with respect to our future performance and future events or circumstances at the respective times those forward-looking statements were made, taking into account information available to us at those times, and are not guarantees of future performance, events or results. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations involve risks and uncertainties and can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us or within our control. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. You should carefully consider these risks before you make an investment decision with respect to our securities, along with the following factors that could cause actual results to vary materially from our forward-looking statements:

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        We undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the events described by our forward-looking statements might not occur. We qualify any and all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary factors. Please keep this cautionary note in mind as you read this prospectus, the documents incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference herein and any prospectus supplement and free writing prospectus that we may provide to you in connection with this offering.

        The documents incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference herein contain or may contain, and any prospectus supplement and free writing prospectus that we may provide to you in connection with this offering may contain, market data, industry statistics and other data that have been obtained from, or compiled from, information made available by third parties. We have not independently verified this data or these statistics.

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USE OF PROCEEDS

        Unless otherwise specified in a prospectus supplement or a free writing prospectus prepared in connection with an offering of securities pursuant to this prospectus, the net proceeds from the sale of the securities to which this prospectus relates will be used for general corporate purposes. General corporate purposes may include repayment, repurchase or redemption of debt, acquisitions, additions to working capital, capital expenditures and investments in our subsidiaries. Net proceeds may be temporarily invested or temporarily used to repay indebtedness prior to deployment for their intended purposes.

        We will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of securities to which this prospectus relates that are offered by any selling securityholders.

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RATIOS OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES

        The following table presents the ratios of earnings to fixed charges for us and our consolidated subsidiaries for the periods indicated. For the purposes of calculating the ratio of earnings to fixed charges, "earnings" consist of pre-tax income before equity in income of unconsolidated affiliate. "Fixed charges" consist of interest incurred on all indebtedness and capitalized expenses relating to indebtedness. Neither we nor any of our consolidated subsidiaries had any preferred shares outstanding for any of the periods reflected in this table.

 
  Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2011
  Fiscal Year Ended December 31,  
 
  2010   2009   2008   2007   2006  

Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges

    2.8x     3.4x     1.3x     (1 )   1.3x     1.3x  

(1)
For the year ended December 31, 2008, our losses exceeded fixed charges by approximately $513.0 million. The coverage deficiency for total fixed charges for the year ended December 31, 2008 was $1,077.6 million to arrive at a one-to-one ratio.

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MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS

Introduction

        The following summary discusses the material U.S. federal income tax, and for certain non-U.S. holders (as defined below), estate tax consequences of the ownership and disposition of our common shares and preferred shares, which we refer to collectively as shares. Any additional U.S. federal income tax consequences of the ownership and disposition of our preferred shares, depositary shares, warrants to purchase common shares, preferred shares, depositary shares or debt securities, subscription rights to purchase common shares, preferred shares, depositary shares or debt securities, debt securities, guarantees of debt securities, share purchase contracts, share purchase units, senior notes or guarantees of senior notes will be addressed in an applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus we and any selling security holders may provide you. This summary is based on current law, is for general information only and is not tax advice. This discussion is based on the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the "Code," applicable U.S. Treasury Regulations, judicial authority, and administrative rulings and practice, all as currently in effect and which are subject to change or differing interpretations, possibly with retroactive effect. This summary assumes that our shares will be held as capital assets for U.S. federal income tax purposes. This summary is not intended to be a complete description of all of the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the ownership and disposition of our shares. In addition, except as specifically set forth below, this summary does not discuss any state or local income taxation or foreign income taxation or other tax consequences. This discussion does not address all of the aspects of U.S. federal income taxation that may be relevant to a particular holder of our shares in light of its personal circumstances, or to holders of our shares that are subject to special treatment under U.S. federal income tax laws, including but not limited to:

        The tax treatment of partners in a partnership (including an entity treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes) that holds our shares generally depends on both the status of the partner (rather than the partnership) and the activities of the partnership and is not specifically addressed herein. Partners in partnerships that hold our shares should consult their tax advisors.

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        As used below, a "U.S. holder" is a beneficial owner of our shares who is, for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

        The term "non-U.S. holder" means a beneficial owner of our shares that is not a U.S. holder or a partnership (or other entity treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes). The term "holders" includes both a U.S. holder and a non-U.S. holder.

        The U.S. federal income tax laws are complex, and your circumstances may affect your tax consequences. Consequently, you are urged to consult your own tax advisors as to the specific tax consequences to you of the ownership and disposition of our shares, including the applicability and effect of federal, state and local or foreign income and other tax laws to your particular circumstances.

Our Tax Status

        In the opinion of Hunton & Williams LLP, or "Hunton & Williams," we will be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a partnership, and not as an association or a publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation. It must be emphasized that the opinion of Hunton & Williams speaks as of the date issued and is based on various assumptions and representations relating to our organization, operations, assets, activities and income, including that all factual representations and statements set forth in all relevant documents, records and instruments are true and correct, and that we, at all times, have operated and will continue to operate in accordance with the method of operation described in our organizational documents and this prospectus, and is conditioned upon factual representations and covenants regarding our organization, assets, income, and present and future conduct of our activities and operations, and assumes that such representations and covenants are accurate and complete. Any alteration or incorrectness of such assumptions, representations, statements or covenants could adversely affect such opinion.

        There is limited statutory, administrative and judicial authority addressing the treatment of instruments similar to our shares for U.S. federal income tax purposes. No assurance can be given that the Internal Revenue Service, or "IRS," would not successfully assert a position contrary to any of the tax aspects set forth below. Moreover, no advance rulings have been sought from the IRS regarding any matter discussed in this prospectus. Accordingly, you are urged to consult your tax advisors with regard to the U.S. federal income tax consequences to you of owning and disposing of our shares, as well as the effects of state, local and non-U.S. tax laws, including potential state tax filing requirements.

        While we believe that we have been organized and have operated so that we will qualify to be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a partnership, and not as an association or a publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation, given the highly complex nature of the rules governing partnerships, the ongoing importance of factual determinations, and the possibility of future changes in our circumstances, no assurance can be given by Hunton & Williams or us that we will so qualify for any particular year. Hunton & Williams will have no obligation to advise us or you of any subsequent

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change in the matters stated, represented or assumed, or of any subsequent change in the applicable law. Our taxation as a partnership will depend on our ability to meet, on a continuing basis, through actual operating results, the "qualifying income exception" (as described below), the compliance with which will not be reviewed by Hunton & Williams on an ongoing basis. Accordingly, no assurance can be given that the actual results of our operations for any taxable year will satisfy the qualifying income exception. You should be aware that opinions of counsel are not binding on the IRS, and no assurance can be given that the IRS will not challenge the conclusions set forth in such opinions.

        If, for any reason, including our failure to meet the "qualifying income exception," we were treated as an association or publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we would be subject to U.S. federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate income tax rates, without deduction for any distributions to holders of our shares, thereby materially reducing the amount of any cash available for distribution to holders of our shares.

        Under Section 7704 of the Code, unless certain exceptions apply, a publicly traded partnership is generally treated and taxed as a corporation, and not as a partnership, for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A partnership is a publicly traded partnership if (i) interests in the partnership are traded on an established securities market or (ii) interests in the partnership are readily tradable on a secondary market or the substantial equivalent thereof. We believe that we are, and will continue to be, treated as a publicly traded partnership.

        If (i) a publicly traded partnership is not a business development company or registered as a management company or unit investment trust under the 1940 Act and (ii) 90% or more of the income of the publicly traded partnership during each taxable year consists of "qualifying income," it will be treated as a partnership, and not as an association or publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation, for U.S. federal income tax purposes. We refer to this exception as the "qualifying income exception." Qualifying income generally includes rents, dividends, interest, income and gains derived from certain activities relating to minerals and natural resources, and capital gains from the sale or other disposition of stocks, bonds and real property. Qualifying income also includes other income derived from the business of investing in, among other things, stocks and securities. Interest is not qualifying income if it is derived in the "conduct of a financial or insurance business" or is based, directly or indirectly, on the income or profit of any person. Our income currently consists primarily of interest income, dividends, income and gain from interest rate, credit risk and other derivatives and income and gain from working and royalty interests in natural resources, all of which will generally be qualifying income for purposes of the qualifying income exception.

        We believe we will satisfy the qualifying income exception. There can be no assurance, however, that the IRS will not challenge our compliance with the qualifying income exception requirements and, therefore, assert that we are taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes. In such event, the amount of cash available for distribution to holders of our shares would likely be reduced materially.

        Holders of shares, as well as us (and various vehicles in which we invest), may be subject to various state, local and non-U.S. taxes and tax filing requirements. You are urged to consult your tax advisors with respect to the state, local and non-U.S. tax consequences of owning and disposing of your shares, including potential state tax filing requirements.

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Taxation of Holders of Our Shares

        As a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we are not subject to U.S. federal income tax. Rather, in computing your U.S. federal income tax liability for a taxable year, you will be required to take into account your allocable share of our items of income, gain, loss, deduction and credit for our taxable year ending within or with your taxable year, regardless of whether you have received any distributions. It is possible that your U.S. federal income tax liability with respect to your allocable share of our earnings in a particular taxable year could exceed the cash distributions to you, thus requiring an out-of-pocket tax payment by you. See "—Nature of Our Business Activities—Non-Cash Income from Our Investments." The characterization of an item of our income, gain, loss, deduction or credit generally will be determined at the partnership level (rather than at the shareholder level).

        For each of our taxable years, items of income, gain, loss, deduction or credit recognized by us will be allocated among the holders of our shares in accordance with their allocable shares of our items of income, gain, loss, deduction and credit. The allocable share of such items for a holder of our shares will be determined by our operating agreement, provided such allocations either have "substantial economic effect" or are determined to be in accordance with such holder's interest in us. If the allocations provided by our operating agreement do not have "substantial economic effect" and were successfully challenged by the IRS, the redetermination of the allocations to a particular holder for U.S. federal income tax purposes could be less favorable than the allocations set forth in our operating agreement.

        In accordance with proposed Treasury Regulations, on which existing publicly traded partnerships currently may rely, we will apply a monthly convention pursuant to which our taxable income and losses will be determined annually and will be prorated on a monthly basis. Then the income and losses will be apportioned among the holders in proportion to the shares owned by each of them as of the first business day of the month, or the "Allocation Date." However, certain "extraordinary items," such as income or gain realized on a sale or other disposition of our assets other than in the ordinary course of business, will be allocated among the holders owning our shares on the Allocation Date in the month in which that gain or loss is recognized. It is not entirely clear whether certain items will be treated as "extraordinary items." As a result of the monthly convention for allocating items, holders transferring our shares may be allocated items of income, gain, loss, deduction, and credit realized after the date of transfer. In addition, as a result of such allocation method, you may be allocated taxable income even if you do not receive any cash distributions. Moreover, you may be allocated differing amounts of our income, gain, loss, deduction and credit than other holders of our shares as a result of Section 704(c) of the Code and the Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder.

        Section 706 of the Code generally requires that items of partnership income and deductions be allocated between transferors and transferees of partnership interests on a daily basis, and the proposed Treasury Regulations prescribing the allocation method described in the preceding paragraph will not be effective until finalized and may be changed prior to being finalized. Accordingly, it is possible that transfers of our shares could be considered to occur for U.S. federal income tax purposes when the transfer is completed without regard to our monthly convention for allocating income and deductions. In that event, our allocation method might be considered a monthly convention that does not literally comply with that requirement. If our monthly convention is not allowed by the final Treasury Regulations, the IRS may contend that our taxable income or losses must be reallocated among the holders of our shares. If such a contention were sustained, your income or loss allocation could be adjusted, possibly to your detriment. The board of directors is authorized to revise our method of allocation between transferors and transferees (as well as among holders whose interests otherwise

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could vary during a taxable period), which we may do if the final Treasury Regulations do not approve the allocation method described in the preceding paragraph.

        Our distributions generally will not be taxable to you to the extent of your adjusted tax basis in our shares. In addition, you will be allowed to deduct your allocable share of our losses (if any) only to the extent of your adjusted tax basis in your shares at the end of the taxable year in which the losses occur. Your initial tax basis in your shares will be generally equal to the amount of cash you paid for your shares and will be generally increased by your allocable share of our profits (and items of income and gain). Your adjusted tax basis in the shares will be generally decreased (but not below zero) by your allocable share of our losses (and items of loss, deduction and expense), the amount of cash distributed to you and our tax basis in property (other than cash) distributed to you by us. Moreover, your adjusted tax basis will include your allocable share of our liabilities, if any. The IRS has ruled that a partner who acquires interests in a partnership in separate transactions must combine those interests and maintain a single adjusted tax basis for all those interests.

        To the extent your allocable share of our losses is not allowed because you had insufficient adjusted tax basis in your shares, you would be able to carry over such disallowed losses to subsequent taxable years and such losses would be allowed if and to the extent of your adjusted tax basis in your shares in subsequent taxable years.

        Cash distributions by us with respect to our shares or in redemption of less than all of your shares generally will not be taxable to you. Instead, such distributions will reduce, but not below zero, your adjusted tax basis in your shares immediately before the distribution. If such distributions exceed your adjusted tax basis in your shares, the excess will be taxable to the holder as gain from a sale or exchange of shares (as described in "—Disposition of Our Shares" below). It is possible that partial redemptions made during the taxable year could result in taxable gain to a holder where no gain would otherwise have resulted if the same partial redemption were made at the end of the taxable year. A reduction in a holder's allocable share of our liabilities, and certain distributions of marketable securities by us, are treated as cash distributions for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

        A sale or other taxable disposition of all or a part of your shares (including a redemption for cash of all of your shares) generally will result in the recognition of gain or loss in an amount equal to the difference, if any, between the amount realized on the disposition (including your share of our liabilities, if any) and your adjusted tax basis in your shares (as described in "—Adjusted Tax Basis of Shares" above). Your adjusted tax basis will be adjusted for this purpose by your allocable share of our income or loss for the year of such sale or other disposition. Any gain or loss recognized with respect to such sale or other disposition generally will be treated as capital gain or loss and will be long-term capital gain or loss if your holding period for your shares exceeds one year. A portion of such gain, however, will be treated as ordinary income under the Code to the extent attributable to your allocable share of unrealized gain or loss in our assets to the extent described in Section 751 of the Code. This would include (i) ordinary income we would recognize if we sold our debt instruments with accrued market discount and (ii) unremitted earnings of any controlled foreign corporation, or CFC, held by us, although in the case of a holder who is an individual, the amount treated as ordinary income may be limited pursuant to Section 1248 of the Code.

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        If you dispose of our shares at a time when we hold stock in a passive foreign investment company, or "PFIC," that is not a qualified electing fund, or "QEF," you would be treated as disposing of an interest in such PFIC to the extent of your pro rata share of such PFIC stock held by us.

        If you dispose of less than all of your shares, the IRS has ruled that a portion of your aggregate adjusted tax basis in all of your shares must be allocated to the shares sold using an "equitable apportionment" method, which generally means that the adjusted tax basis allocated to the shares sold will equal an amount that bears the same relation to your adjusted tax basis in all of your shares as the value of the shares sold bears to the value of all of your shares. Notwithstanding the requirement set forth in the IRS ruling, if you sell fewer than all of your shares, we generally will report to you the amount of gain treated under Section 751(a) of the Code as ordinary income based on the assumption that the first shares purchased were also the first shares sold, which is sometimes referred to as a "first-in, first-out" method. This assumption is for administrative convenience only and is not consistent with the IRS's ruling that a partner must maintain a single adjusted tax basis in its partnership interest. You should inform us if you use a method other than "first-in, first-out" to determine your basis for any shares disposed.

        In addition, Treasury Regulations under Section 1223 of the Code allow a selling holder of our shares who can identify shares transferred with an ascertainable holder period to elect to use the actual holding period of the shares transferred. Thus, although according to the IRS ruling discussed above, a holder of our shares will be unable to select high or low basis shares to sell as would be the case with corporate stock, such holder may, according to these Treasury Regulations, designate shares sold for purposes of determining the holding period of shares transferred. A holder electing to use the actual holding period of shares transferred must consistently use that identification method for all subsequent sales or exchanges of shares. A holder considering the purchase of additional shares or a sale of shares purchased in separate transactions is urged to consult the holder's own tax advisor as to the possible consequences of this IRS ruling and application of the Treasury Regulations.

        If you are an individual, any capital losses generated by us (or upon a disposition of our shares) generally will be deductible only to the extent of your capital gains for the taxable year plus up to $3,000 of ordinary income ($1,500 in the case of a married individual filing a separate return). Excess capital losses may be carried forward by individuals indefinitely. If you are a corporation, any capital losses generated by us (or upon a disposition of shares) generally will be deductible to the extent of your capital gains for the taxable year. Corporations may carry capital losses back three years and forward five years. You should consult your tax advisors regarding the deductibility of capital losses.

        Individuals and certain closely held subchapter C corporations will be allowed to deduct their allocable share of our losses (if any) only to the extent of each such holder's "at risk" amount in us at the end of the taxable year in which the losses occur. The amount for which a holder is "at risk" with respect to its interest generally is equal to its adjusted tax basis for such interest, less any amounts borrowed (i) in connection with its acquisition of such interest for which it is not personally liable and for which it has pledged no property other than its interest; (ii) from persons who have a proprietary interest in us and from certain persons related to such persons; and (iii) for which the holder is protected against loss through nonrecourse financing, guarantees or similar arrangements. To the extent that a holder's allocable share of our losses is not allowed because the holder has an insufficient amount at risk in us, such disallowed losses may be carried over by the holder to subsequent taxable years and will be allowed if and to the extent of the holder's at risk amount in subsequent years.

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        Our investments in natural resources are expected to be treated as "passive activities" for purposes of Section 469 of the Code and we may make other investments such as investments in real estate that could be treated as "passive activities." However, to the extent that we generate any income from "passive activities," such income will not be treated as passive activity income for purposes of Section 469 of the Code and may not be used to offset your passive activity losses from other activities. To the extent that we generate any losses from "passive activities," such losses will be suspended and will only be allowed as an offset to passive activity income from us in future years or allowed as a loss upon the complete disposition of a holder's interest in us. Accordingly, income allocated by us to you generally will not be able to be offset by your other passive activity losses, and losses allocated to you generally will not be able to be used to offset your other passive activity income. You should consult your tax advisors regarding the possible application of the limitations on the deductibility of losses from certain passive activities contained in Section 469 of the Code.

        Individuals and other noncorporate holders of shares will be allowed to deduct their allocable share of our "investment interest" (within the meaning of Section 163(d) of the Code and the Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder) only to the extent of each such holder's net investment income for the taxable year. A holder's net investment income generally is the excess, if any, of the holder's investment income from all sources (which is gross income from property held for investment) over investment expenses from all sources (which are deductions allowed that are directly connected with the production of investment income). Investment income excludes net capital gain attributable to the disposition of property held for investment, as well as "qualified dividend income" that is taxable as long-term capital gains, unless the holder elects to pay tax on such gain or income at ordinary income rates.

        To the extent that your allocable share of our investment interest is not allowed as a deduction because you have insufficient net investment income, you may carry over such disallowed investment interest to subsequent taxable years and such disallowed investment interest will be allowed if and to the extent of your net investment income in subsequent years. If you borrow to finance the purchase of our shares, any interest paid or accrued on the borrowing will be allocated among our assets for purposes of determining the portion of such interest that is investment interest subject to the foregoing limitations or passive activity interest subject to the passive activity rules under Section 469 of the Code. The portion of such interest allocated to property held for investment (such as bonds or other securities) will be treated as investment interest. You should consult your tax advisors regarding the application to you of the allocation of such interest among our assets. Since the amount of a holder's allocable share of our investment interest that is subject to this limitation will depend on the holder's aggregate investment interest and net investment income from all sources for any taxable year, the extent, if any, to which our investment interest will be disallowed under this rule will depend on your particular circumstances each year.

        An individual, estate or trust may deduct so-called "miscellaneous itemized deductions," which include fees paid to our Manager and our other expenses, only to the extent that such deductions, in the aggregate, exceed 2% of the holder's adjusted gross income. The amount of a holder's allocable share of such expenses that is subject to this disallowance rule will depend on the holder's aggregate miscellaneous itemized deductions from all sources and adjusted gross income for any taxable year. Thus, the extent, if any, to which such fees and expenses will be disallowed will depend on your particular circumstances each year. There are also limitations on the deductibility of itemized deductions by individuals whose adjusted gross income exceeds a specified amount, adjusted annually for inflation. In addition, these expenses are not deductible in determining the alternative minimum tax

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liability of a U.S. holder. Your share of management fees and certain other expenses attributable to us likely will constitute miscellaneous itemized deductions for these purposes. You are urged to consult your tax advisors regarding your ability to deduct expenses incurred by us.

        Our organizational expenses are not currently deductible, but must be amortized ratably over a period of 15 years. Our syndication expenses (i.e., expenditures made in connection with the marketing and issuance of shares) are neither deductible nor amortizable.

        U.S. mutual funds that are treated as regulated investment companies, or "RICs," for U.S. federal income tax purposes are required, among other things, to meet an annual 90% gross income and quarterly 50% and 25% asset value tests under Section 851(b) of the Code to maintain their favorable U.S. federal income tax treatment. The treatment of an investment by a RIC in our shares for purposes of these tests will depend on whether we will be treated as a "qualified publicly traded partnership." If we are so treated, then the shares themselves are the relevant asset for purposes of the 50% and 25% asset value tests and the net income from our shares is the relevant gross income for purposes of the 90% gross income test. In addition, the aggregate amount that a RIC can invest in the securities of one or more "qualified publicly traded partnerships" is limited to 25% of the RIC's total assets. If, however, we are not treated as a "qualified publicly traded partnership," then the relevant assets are the RIC's allocable share of the underlying assets held by us and the relevant gross income is the RIC's allocable share of the underlying gross income earned by us. However, the 25% limitation on a RIC's ability to invest in the securities of "qualified publicly traded partnerships" would not apply. We will qualify as a "qualified publicly traded partnership" if we derive less than 90% of our income from sources that are qualifying income for purposes of the RIC 90% gross income test. We believe that we have not been treated as a "qualified publicly traded partnership" in the past. However, because such qualification will depend on the nature of our future investments, no assurance can be provided that we will or will not be treated as a "qualified publicly traded partnership" in any particular year. Our investments in natural resources make it more likely that we could be treated as a "qualified publicly traded partnership." RICs should consult their own tax advisors regarding an investment in the shares.

        We expect that tax-exempt holders of our shares will recognize a significant amount of "unrelated business taxable income," or "UBTI," as a result of our indebtedness with respect to our assets and as a result of excess inclusion income from our residual interests in real estate mortgage investment conduits, or REMICs, and in taxable mortgage pools. A holder that is a tax-exempt organization for U.S. federal income tax purposes and, therefore, is generally exempt from U.S. federal income taxation, may nevertheless be subject to "unrelated business income tax" to the extent, if any, that its allocable share of our income consists of UBTI. A tax-exempt partner in a partnership (or an entity treated as partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes) that regularly engages in a trade or business that is unrelated to the exempt function of the tax-exempt partner must include, in computing its UBTI, its pro rata share (whether or not distributed) of such partnership's gross income derived from such unrelated trade or business. Moreover, such tax-exempt partner could be treated as earning UBTI to the extent that such entity derives income from "debt-financed property," or if the partnership interest itself is debt financed. Debt-financed property means property held to produce income with respect to which there is "acquisition indebtedness" (i.e., indebtedness incurred in acquiring or holding property). We expect that a significant portion of our assets will be encumbered by "acquisition indebtedness."

        To the extent we recognize income in the form of dividends and interest from securities with respect to which there is "acquisition indebtedness" during a taxable year, the percentage of the income that will be treated as UBTI generally will be equal to the amount of the income times a fraction, the numerator of which is the "average acquisition indebtedness" incurred with respect to the

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securities, and the denominator of which is the "average amount of the adjusted basis" of the securities during the period such securities are held by us during the taxable year.

        To the extent we recognize gain from disposition of securities with respect to which there is "acquisition indebtedness," the portion of the gain that will be treated as UBTI will be equal to the amount of the gain times a fraction, the numerator of which is the highest amount of the "acquisition indebtedness" with respect to the securities during the twelve-month period ending with the date of their disposition, and the denominator of which is the "average amount of the adjusted basis" of the securities during the period such securities are held by us during the taxable year.

        In addition, a portion of our income from a residual interest in a REMIC or a taxable mortgage pool arrangement could be treated as "excess inclusion income." See "—Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relating to Investments in REITs" below. We own a small number of REMIC residual interests and expect to continue to own residual interests in taxable mortgage pools through a REIT subsidiary. Any excess inclusion income generated by a REIT subsidiary would flow through to our shareholders. Excess inclusion income is subject to tax as UBTI in the hands of most tax-exempt shareholders.

        Tax-exempt holders are strongly urged to consult their tax advisors regarding the tax consequences of owning our shares.

        In certain circumstances, individuals, corporations and other taxpayers may be subject to an alternative minimum tax in addition to regular tax. Your potential alternative minimum tax liability may be affected by reason of an investment in the shares, including the limitation on the deductibility of "miscellaneous itemized deductions" in determining the alternative minimum tax liability of a U.S. holder. The extent, if any, to which the alternative minimum tax applies will depend on your particular circumstances for each taxable year.

        After December 31, 2013, a U.S. withholding tax at a 30% rate will be imposed on distributions on our shares received by U.S. holders who own their shares through foreign accounts or foreign intermediaries, if certain disclosure requirements related to U.S. accounts are not satisfied. In addition, if those disclosure requirements are not satisfied, a U.S. withholding tax at a 30% rate will be imposed after December 31, 2014 on proceeds from the sale of our shares received by U.S. holders who own our shares through foreign accounts or foreign intermediates. If we are required to withhold any U.S. federal withholding tax on distributions made to any holder of our shares, we will pay such withheld amount to the IRS. That payment, if made, will be treated as a distribution of cash to the holder of the shares with respect to whom the payment was made and will reduce the amount of cash to which such holder would otherwise be entitled.

Taxation of Non-U.S. Holders of Our Shares

        A non-U.S. holder will generally be subject to U.S. federal withholding taxes at the rate of 30% (or such lower rate provided by an applicable tax treaty) on its share of our gross income from dividends, interest (other than interest that constitutes "portfolio interest" within the meaning of the Code) and certain other income that is not treated as effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business. Although the matter is not entirely clear, income from derivative transactions may also be subject to U.S. federal withholding taxes. Moreover, for payments made on or after September 14, 2010, dividend equivalent payments from certain derivative transactions will be subject to U.S. federal

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withholding tax. We expect that most of our interest income will constitute "portfolio interest" that is not subject to the 30% withholding tax. We expect that we will earn dividend income that will be subject to the 30% withholding tax. In certain circumstances, the amount of any withholding tax could exceed the amount of cash that would have otherwise been distributed to you.

        After December 31, 2013, a U.S. withholding tax at a 30% rate will be imposed on distributions on our shares received by certain non-U.S. holders, if certain disclosure requirements related to U.S. ownership are not satisfied. In addition, if those disclosure requirements are not satisfied, a U.S. withholding tax at a 30% rate will be imposed after December 31, 2014 on proceeds from the sale of our shares received by certain non-U.S. holders. If payment of withholding taxes is required, non-U.S. holders that are otherwise eligible for an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. withholding taxes with respect to such distributions and proceeds will be required to seek a refund from the IRS to obtain the benefit or such exemption or reduction. If we are required to withhold any U.S. federal withholding tax on distributions made to any holder of our shares, we will pay such withheld amount to the IRS. That payment, if made, will be treated as a distribution of cash to the holder of the shares with respect to whom the payment was made and will reduce the amount of cash to which such holder would otherwise be entitled.

        Non-U.S. holders treated as engaged in a U.S. trade or business are generally subject to U.S. federal income tax at the graduated rates applicable to U.S. holders on their net income that is considered to be effectively connected with such U.S. trade or business. Non-U.S. holders that are corporations may also be subject to a 30% branch profits tax on such effectively connected income. The 30% rate applicable to branch profits may be reduced or eliminated under the provisions of an applicable income tax treaty between the United States and the country in which the non-U.S. person resides or is organized.

        It is likely that the income from our investments in natural resources would be treated as effectively connected with the conduct of a U.S. trade or business with respect to non-U.S. holders. There can be no assurance that the IRS will not successfully assert that some portion of our income from other activities is properly treated as effectively connected income with respect to such non-U.S. holders. In addition, if any REIT subsidiary in which we own an interest, recognizes gain from the disposition of a United States real property interest, such gain will be treated as income that is effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business. Our REIT subsidiaries have not generated material amounts of gain from the disposition of "United States real property interests" in the past. However, no assurance can be provided that such REIT subsidiaries will not generate gain from dispositions of United States real property interests in the future. If a holder who is a non-U.S. person were treated as being engaged in a U.S. trade or business in any year because an investment of us in such year constituted a U.S. trade or business, such holder generally would be required to (i) file a U.S. federal income tax return for such year reporting its allocable share, if any, of our income or loss effectively connected with such trade or business and (ii) pay U.S. federal income tax at regular U.S. tax rates on any such income. Moreover, a holder who is a corporate non-U.S. holder might be subject to a U.S. branch profits tax on its allocable share of our effectively connected income. In addition, distributions to a non-U.S. holder would be subject to withholding at the highest applicable tax rate to the extent of the non-U.S. holder's allocable share of our effectively connected income. Any amount so withheld would be creditable against such non-U.S. holder's U.S. federal income tax liability, and such non-U.S. holder could claim a refund to the extent that the amount withheld exceeded such non-U.S. person's U.S. federal income tax liability for the taxable year. Finally, if we are engaged in a U.S. trade or business, a portion of any gain recognized by an investor who is a non-U.S. holder on the sale or exchange of our shares may be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as effectively connected income, and hence such non-U.S. holder may be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the sale or exchange.

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        Moreover, our investments in natural resources could cause certain non-U.S. holders to be subject to withholding under the Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act, or "FIRPTA," if we are treated in the same manner as a United States real property holding corporation. For FIRPTA purposes, a United States real property holding corporation is a corporation where the fair market value of the corporation's United States real property interests equals or exceeds 50% of the fair market value of its total real property interests and other assets used or held for use in its trade or business. These rules are also applicable to publicly traded partnerships. As long as the value of our investments in cash, securities and similar assets constitutes 90% or more of the total value of our assets, our investments in cash, securities and similar assets will be deemed to be used or held for use in our trade or business and taken into account in determining whether 50% or more of our assets constitute United States real property interests. A non-U.S. holder may be subject to FIRPTA withholding on the disposition of our shares if (1) the non-U.S. holder owned (directly or constructively applying certain attribution rules) more than 5% of our shares at any time during the five-year period ending on the date of such disposition (a "5% non-U.S. holder") and (2) the fair market value of our investments in United States real property interests represented more than 10% of the total fair market value of our assets at any time during the applicable testing period. Currently, we believe we have not exceeded the 10% threshold described above. Certain of our investments in natural resources and future investments in real estate may be treated as United States real property interests. No assurance can be provided that our current and future investments in United States real property interests will not cause us to exceed the 10% threshold described above, in which event any 5% non-U.S. holder would be subject to 10% withholding tax on the gross proceeds from the disposition of our shares.

        In general, different rules from those described above apply in the case of non-U.S. holders subject to special treatment under U.S. federal income tax law, including a non-U.S. holder (i) who has an office or fixed place of business in the United States or is otherwise carrying on a U.S. trade or business; (ii) who is an individual present in the United States for 183 or more days or has a "tax home" in the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes; or (iii) who is a former citizen or resident of the United States.

        If you are a non-U.S. holder, you are urged to consult your tax advisors with regard to the U.S. federal income tax consequences to you of owning and disposing of our shares, as well as the effects of state, local and non-U.S. tax laws.

        Non-U.S. holders who are individuals may be subject to U.S. federal estate tax on the value of U.S.-situs property owned at the time of their death. It is unclear whether partnership interests (such as the shares) will be considered to be U.S.-situs property. Accordingly, non-U.S. holders may be subject to U.S. federal estate tax on all or a portion of the value of the shares owned at the time of their death. Prospective non-U.S. holders who are individuals are urged to consult their tax advisors concerning the potential U.S. federal estate tax consequences with regard to our shares.

Nature of Our Business Activities

        We invest, directly or indirectly, in a variety of assets, including, but not limited to, (i) debt and equity securities of various U.S. and foreign issuers; (ii) equity of REIT subsidiaries; (iii) securities of certain foreign collateralized loan obligation, or "CLO," issuers, all of which have elected to be treated as a partnership or disregarded as a separate entity from us for U.S. federal income tax purposes; and (iv) interest rate, credit risk and other derivatives. We also invest in natural resources and may make certain investments in real estate in the future. We intend generally to make any future investments in real estate through one or more REIT subsidiaries. See "—Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relating to Investments in REITs" below. Our investments have different tax consequences, which may vary depending on their particular terms and your particular circumstances.

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Certain of our business activities are subject to special and complex U.S. federal income tax provisions that may, among other things, (i) disallow, suspend or otherwise limit the allowance of certain losses or deductions, (ii) convert lower taxed long-term capital gain or "qualified dividend income" into higher taxed short-term capital gain or ordinary income, (iii) cause us (and thus you) to recognize income or gain without a corresponding receipt of cash, (iv) adversely affect the timing as to when a purchase or sale of stock or securities is deemed to occur, and (v) adversely alter the tax characterization of certain financial transactions.

        The discussion below describes the U.S. federal income tax considerations that may be relevant to some, but not to all, of our investments and contemplated investments, including the qualification of such income for purposes of the qualifying income exception. Accordingly, you are urged to consult your tax advisors with regard to the U.S. federal income tax consequences to you of our business activities.

        Interest income derived by us will generally be qualifying income for purposes of the qualifying income exception for publicly traded partnerships provided the income is not derived from "the conduct of a financial or insurance business" and is not based, directly or indirectly, on the profits of any person. Although there is no direct authority defining what constitutes "the conduct of a financial or insurance business," we believe that our investment activities generally will not constitute "the conduct of a financial or insurance business" for purposes of the qualifying income exception. For example, we believe that we have not been engaged, and do not intend to engage, in the loan origination business, either directly or indirectly through our Manager and its affiliates. Despite such measures, there can be no assurance that the IRS will not successfully contend that all or a portion of our interest income is related to the "conduct of a financial or insurance business," in which case such interest income would not be treated as qualifying income for the qualifying income exception and we could fail to qualify for that exception. We intend to continue to conduct our operations so that at least 90% of our gross income in each taxable year is qualifying income for purposes of the qualifying income exception.

        U.S. holders will generally be subject to tax at ordinary income rates on their allocable share of our interest income. For a discussion of the potential withholding on interest income allocated to non-U.S. holders, see "—Taxation of Non-U.S. Holders of Our Shares."

        Dividends and capital gains earned by us will generally be qualifying income for purposes of the qualifying income exception. Tax legislation enacted in 2003, 2006 and 2010 reduced the U.S. federal income tax rates on (i) capital gains received by taxpayers taxed at individual rates and (ii) "qualified dividend income" received by taxpayers taxed at individual rates from certain domestic and foreign corporations. Subject to the discussion under "—Taxation of Holders of Our Shares—Disposition of Our Shares," "—Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relating to Investments in REITs—Taxation of Holders of REIT Shares—Taxation of Non-U.S. Holders of REIT Shares," the reduced rates applicable to capital gains generally will also apply to capital gains recognized by holders of shares who sell the shares that they have held for more than one year. The reduced rates, which do not apply to short-term capital gains, generally apply to long-term capital gains from sales or exchanges recognized during taxable years beginning on or prior to December 31, 2012.

        Ordinary dividends attributable to our investment in KKR Financial Holdings II, LLC, or "KFH II," or any other REIT and dividends attributable to certain foreign corporate subsidiaries will generally not constitute "qualified dividend income," and, therefore, will not qualify for the reduced rate of tax applicable to taxpayers taxed at individual rates. In addition, certain portions of the

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distributions attributable to our investment in KFH II may be taxable in the hands of tax-exempt shareholders and may not qualify for reduced withholding in the hands of non-U.S. holders. For a more detailed discussion of the tax considerations related to the dividends and capital gains attributable to our investment in KFH II, see "—Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relating to Investments in REITs."

        We currently have several foreign subsidiaries that are treated as corporations for U.S. federal income tax purposes and may we acquire equity interests in additional foreign corporate subsidiaries in the future. We believe each of our foreign corporate subsidiaries will be treated as a CFC or PFIC for U.S. federal income tax purposes and, in the case of a PFIC, we have elected to treat the PFIC as a QEF. Our income from a CFC or PFIC generally will be qualifying income for purpose of the qualifying income exception. However, each holder of our shares will generally be required to include in income a portion of the income earned by the CFC or PFIC regardless of whether we receive cash distributions from the CFC or PFIC or the holder receives a distribution from us. Moreover, such income inclusions from a CFC or PFIC will not be eligible for the favorable tax rate applicable to "qualified dividend income," and any gain allocated to you from a disposition of stock in a CFC by us would be treated as ordinary income to the extent of your allocable share of the current and/or accumulated earnings and profits of the CFC. Net losses (if any) of a non-U.S. entity owned by us that is treated as a CFC or PFIC will not pass through to the holders of our shares.

        Notwithstanding these rules, any gain recognized by a foreign corporation with respect to United States real property interests is subject to U.S. tax as if the foreign corporation were a U.S. taxpayer. It is not anticipated that any of our foreign corporate subsidiaries will hold United States real property interests. Nevertheless, gain (if any) realized on U.S. real property would be subject to U.S. tax.

        Although our foreign corporate subsidiaries are generally not expected to be subject to U.S. federal income tax on a net basis, such foreign corporate subsidiaries may receive income that may be subject to withholding taxes imposed by the United States or other countries. To the extent that such entities are subject to U.S. federal income taxes on their income on a net basis or to withholding taxes, our return on our investment in such entities could be materially adversely affected.

        We own several domestic corporate subsidiaries, which we formed to make, from time to time, certain investments that could generate income that would not be qualifying income if earned directly by us. Our domestic corporate subsidiaries will be subject to federal, state, and local corporate income tax on their income. To the extent that any such domestic corporate subsidiaries pay any taxes, they will have less cash available for distribution to us, which would reduce the amount of cash available for distribution to holders of our shares.

        We have recognized and may recognize in the future cancellation of indebtedness income upon the retirement of our debt at a discount. Although there is no direct authority addressing the issue, we believe that our cancellation of indebtedness income will constitute other income derived from our business of investing in stocks and securities and thus, will be qualifying income for purposes of the qualifying income exception applicable to publicly traded partnerships.

        We have made certain investments in natural resources. Income and gains derived from certain activities related to minerals and natural resources are treated as qualifying income for purposes of the

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qualifying income exception applicable to publicly traded partnerships. We believe that our investments in natural resources generally generate qualifying income for purposes of this exception. Income or loss from our investments in natural resources is expected to be treated as income or loss from passive activities. See "—Taxation of Holders of Our Shares—Limitation on Deductibility of Certain of Our Losses" above. In addition, investments in natural resources may produce UBTI for tax-exempt holders of our shares. To the extent that such income is unrelated business taxable income, it will be subject to the rules described in "—Unrelated Business Taxable Income" above. For a discussion of issues related to investments in natural resources for non-U.S. holders, see "—Taxation of Non-U.S. Holders of Our Shares" above.

        From time to time, we will enter into derivative transactions, such as interest rate swaps, caps and floors, total rate of return swaps, options to purchase these items, and futures and forward contracts. We expect that many of our derivative transactions will be treated as "notional principal contracts" for U.S. federal income tax purposes. For purposes of the qualifying income exception, unless we are treated as a dealer in notional principal contracts, income from notional principal contracts is treated as qualifying income, provided (1) the property, income, or cash flow that measures the amounts to which the partnership is entitled under the contract would give rise to qualifying income if held or received or (2) the notional principal contract is related to our business of investing in stock or securities. We expect that, in general, payments under our derivative instruments will be measured by reference to an interest rate, interest rate index, or an index related to mineral or natural resources, with a cash flow that either would be treated as interest income or income with respect to mineral or natural resources activities if received directly. As stated above, interest (other than interest derived from the "conduct of a financial or insurance business" or interest that is based, directly or indirectly, on the profits of any person) and income and gain from certain mineral and natural resources activities are both treated as qualifying income for purposes of the qualifying income exception. In addition, we expect that a significant portion of our income and gain from our notional principal contracts will be related to our business of investing in stock or securities. Accordingly, we expect that the income and gain from such derivative transactions will be qualifying income for purposes of the qualifying income exception. However, the rules regarding notional principal contracts are complex, and there can be no assurance that the IRS will not successfully challenge our characterization of a derivative transaction as a notional principal contract. In addition, we may enter into derivative transactions that do not produce qualifying income for the qualifying income exception. We intend to use our best efforts to structure any derivative transactions in a manner that does not jeopardize our satisfaction of the qualifying income exception.

        If we make an investment denominated in a currency other than the U.S. dollar, then we may recognize gain or loss attributable to fluctuations in such currency relative to the U.S. dollar. We may also recognize gain or loss on such fluctuations occurring between the time we obtain and dispose of non-U.S. currency, between the time we accrue and collect income denominated in a non-U.S. currency, or between the time we accrue and pay liabilities denominated in a non-U.S. currency. Such gains or losses generally will be treated as ordinary income or loss, and such gain generally will be treated as qualifying income under the qualifying income exception.

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        From time to time, we will make investments that will cause us (and thus you) to recognize income or gain without a corresponding receipt of cash. This so-called "non-cash" or "phantom income" could arise for a variety of reasons, including:

        You will be required to take such "non-cash" or "phantom income" income into account in determining your taxable income, regardless of whether you receive a cash distribution from us. Accordingly, you may not receive cash distributions equal to your tax liability attributable to your share of our taxable income.

        If we were subject to the "anti-stapling" rules of Section 269B of the Code, we would incur a significant tax liability as a result of owning (i) more than 50% of the value of both a domestic corporate subsidiary and a foreign corporate subsidiary or (ii) more than 50% of both a REIT and a domestic or foreign corporate subsidiary. When a foreign corporate subsidiary and a domestic corporate subsidiary are treated as "stapled entities," the foreign corporation is treated as a domestic corporation subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax. When a REIT and a domestic or foreign corporate subsidiary are treated as "stapled entities," the REIT and the domestic or foreign corporate subsidiary are treated as one entity for purposes of the tax requirements applicable to REITs, which could result in the REIT failing to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

        Currently, we have several subsidiaries that could be affected if we were subject to the "anti-stapling" rules, including one subsidiary taxed as a REIT and several foreign and domestic corporate subsidiaries. Because we intend to own a substantial proportion of our assets directly or through entities that are treated as partnerships or disregarded entities for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we do not believe that the "anti-stapling" rules will apply. However, there can be no assurance that the IRS would not successfully assert a contrary position.

        We anticipate that certain of our majority-owned corporate and REIT subsidiaries will be treated as personal holding companies for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A personal holding company is a "closely-held" corporation at least 60% of whose income constitutes "personal holding company income," which generally includes dividends, interest, certain royalties, annuities and rents. We anticipate that all of our majority-owned corporate and REIT subsidiaries will be treated as "closely-held" under the constructive ownership rules applicable to personal holding companies. In addition, substantially all of the income of certain of those subsidiaries will constitute personal holding

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company income. A personal holding company generally is subject to a 15% (or 35% starting January 1, 2013) corporate tax on its personal holding company income that is not distributed, or treated as distributed, during the year in which such income is earned. However, certain liquidating distributions are not treated as distributions for that purpose. We intend to cause our personal holding company subsidiaries to distribute their income so as to avoid the personal holding company tax.

        Certain dividend, interest and other income received by us from sources outside of the United States may be subject to withholding taxes imposed by other countries. We may also be subject to capital gains taxes in certain other countries where we purchase and sell stocks and securities. Tax treaties between the United States and other countries may affect, reduce or eliminate such taxes. You will be required to include such taxes in your income and generally will be entitled to claim either a credit (subject, however, to various limitations on foreign tax credits) or a deduction (subject to the limitations generally applicable to deductions) for your share of such non-U.S. taxes in computing your U.S. federal income taxes.

Administrative Matters

        We have elected under Section 754 of the Code to adjust the tax basis in all or a portion of our assets in the event of a distribution of property to a holder or in the event of a transfer of an interest in us, including our shares, by sale or exchange or as a result of the death of a holder. We are also required to reduce the tax basis in our assets in connection with certain redemptions and dispositions of our shares. As a result of our election under Section 754 of the Code, each holder that purchases our shares will have an initial tax basis in our assets that reflects the fair market value of our assets at the time of the purchase. Because our holders are treated as having differing tax bases in our assets, a sale of an asset by us may cause holders to recognize different amounts of gain or loss or may cause some holders to recognize a gain and others to recognize a loss. Depending on when a holder purchases our shares and the fair market value of our assets at that time, the holder may recognize gain for U.S. federal income tax purposes from the sale of certain of our assets even though the sale would cause us to recognize a loss for financial accounting purposes. Our election under Section 754 of the Code can be revoked only with the consent of the IRS.

        The calculations under Section 754 of the Code are complex, and there is little legal authority concerning the mechanics of the calculations in the context of publicly traded partnerships. To help reduce the complexity of those calculations and the resulting administrative costs to us, we will apply certain conventions in determining and allocating basis adjustments. For example, we generally use a "first-in, first-out" assumption to make basis adjustments to our assets required as a result of our election under Section 754 of the Code. It is possible that the IRS will successfully assert that the conventions we intend to use do not satisfy the technical requirements of the Code or the Treasury Regulations and, thus, will require different basis adjustments to be made. Such different basis adjustments could adversely affect the manner in which our income, gain, loss, deduction and credit is allocated to certain holders of shares.

        Unless we elect to become subject to the rules for large partnerships described below, which we have not done, we will be considered to have been terminated for U.S. federal income tax purposes if there is a sale or exchange of 50% or more of the total interests in our capital and profits within a 12-month period. Our termination for tax purposes would result in the closing of our taxable year for all holders of shares. In the case of a holder reporting on a taxable year other than a fiscal year ending

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on our year end, which is expected to continue to be the calendar year, the closing of our taxable year may result in more than 12 months of our taxable income or loss being includable in the holder's taxable income for the year of termination. We would be required to satisfy the 90% "qualifying income" test for each tax period and to make new tax elections after a termination, including a new tax election under Section 754 of the Code. A termination could also result in penalties if we were unable to determine that the termination had occurred. In the event that we become aware of a termination, we will use commercially reasonable efforts to minimize any such penalties. Moreover, a termination might either accelerate the application of, or subject us to, any tax legislation enacted before the termination. We have experienced terminations in the past, and it is likely that we will experience terminations in the future.

        We intend to use reasonable efforts to furnish to you tax information (including IRS Schedule K-1) as promptly as possible after the end of each taxable year, which describes your allocable share of our income, gain, loss, deduction and credit for the preceding taxable year. In preparing this information, we will use various accounting and reporting conventions to determine your allocable share of income, gain, loss and deduction. Delivery of this information will be subject to delay in the event of, among other reasons, the late receipt of any necessary tax information from an investment in which we hold an interest. It is therefore possible that, in any taxable year, you will need to apply for extensions of time to file your tax returns. The IRS may successfully contend that certain of these reporting conventions are impermissible, which could result in an adjustment to your income or loss. If you are not a U.S. person, there can be no assurance that this information will meet your jurisdiction's tax compliance requirements.

        It is possible that we may engage in transactions that subject us and, potentially, the holders of our shares to other information reporting requirements with respect to an investment in us. You may be subject to substantial penalties if you fail to comply with such information reporting requirements. You should consult with your tax advisors regarding such information reporting requirements.

        Persons who hold our shares as nominees for another person are required to furnish to us (i) the name, address and taxpayer identification number of the beneficial owner and the nominee; (ii) whether the beneficial owner is (1) a person that is not a U.S. person; (2) a foreign government, an international organization or any wholly-owned agency or instrumentality of either of the foregoing; or (3) a tax-exempt entity; (iii) the amount and description of shares held, acquired or transferred for the beneficial owner; and (iv) specific information including the dates of acquisitions and transfers, means of acquisitions and transfers, and acquisition costs for purchases, as well as the amount of net proceeds from sales.

        Brokers and financial institutions are required to furnish additional information, including whether they are U.S. persons and specific information on shares they acquire, hold or transfer for their own account. A penalty of $50 per failure, up to a maximum of $100,000 per calendar year, is imposed by the Code for failure to report that information to us. The nominee is required to supply the beneficial owner of the shares with the information furnished to us.

        A partnership is required to have a tax year that is the same tax year as any partner, or group of partners, that owns a majority interest (more than 50%) in the partnership. Our taxable year is currently the calendar year. A partnership also is required to change its tax year every time a group of partners with a different tax year end acquires a majority interest, unless the partnership has been

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forced to change its tax year during the preceding two year period. In the event the majority interest in us changes to a group of holders with a different tax year and we have not been forced to change our tax year during the preceding two year period, we would be required to change our tax year to the tax year of that group of holders.

        The Code allows large partnerships to elect streamlined procedures for income tax reporting. This election, if made, would reduce the number of items that must be separately stated on IRS Schedule K-1 that are issued to the holders of our shares, and such IRS Schedules K-1 would have to be provided on or before March 15 following the close of each taxable year. In addition, this election would prevent us from suffering a "technical termination" (which would close our taxable year) if, within a 12-month period, there is a sale or exchange of 50% or more of our total interests. If an election is made, IRS audit adjustments will flow through to the holders of the shares for the year in which the adjustments take effect, rather than the holders of the shares in the year to which the adjustment relates. In addition, we, rather than the holders of the shares individually, generally will be liable for any interest and penalties that result from an audit adjustment. We do not currently anticipate that we will elect to be subject to the large partnership procedures.

        Adjustments in tax liability with respect to our items generally will be made at the KKR Financial Holdings LLC level in a partnership proceeding rather than in separate proceedings with each holder. KKR Financial Advisors LLC will represent us as our "tax matters partner" during any audit and in any dispute with the IRS. If KKR Financial Advisors LLC ceases to own shares or ceases to be our Manager, our board of directors may designate a replacement tax matters partner. Each holder of our shares will be informed of the commencement of an audit of us. In general, the tax matters partner may enter into a settlement agreement with the IRS on behalf of, and that is binding upon, the holders of shares.

        In certain circumstances, a holder who disposes of our shares resulting in the recognition by such holder of significant losses in excess of certain threshold amounts may be obligated to disclose its participation in such transaction, or a "reportable transaction," in accordance with recently issued regulations governing tax shelters and other potentially tax-motivated transactions, or the "Tax Shelter Regulations." In addition, an investment in us may be considered a "reportable transaction" if, for example, we recognize certain significant losses in the future. You should consult your tax advisors concerning any possible disclosure obligation under the Tax Shelter Regulations with respect to the disposition of your shares or your allocable share of certain losses incurred by us.

        We will be required in certain circumstances to backup withhold on certain payments paid to holders of the shares who do not furnish us with their correct taxpayer identification number (in the case of individuals, their social security number) and certain certifications, or who are otherwise subject to backup withholding. Backup withholding is not an additional tax. Any amounts withheld from payments made to you may be refunded or credited against your U.S. federal income tax liability, if any, provided that the required information is furnished to the IRS.

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        The rules dealing with U.S. federal income taxation are constantly under review by persons involved in the legislative process, the IRS and the Treasury, frequently resulting in revised interpretations of established concepts, statutory changes, revisions to regulations and other modifications and interpretations. No assurance can be given as to whether, or in what form, any proposals affecting us or our shareholders will be enacted. The IRS pays close attention to the proper application of tax laws to partnerships. The present U.S. federal income tax treatment of an investment in our shares may be modified by administrative, legislative or judicial interpretation at any time, and any such action may affect investments and commitments previously made. For example, the U.S. federal income tax rules relating to publicly traded partnerships are currently under review by Congress, and certain legislative proposals have been made that would affect the tax treatment of publicly traded partnerships. While we believe that the current legislative proposals would not adversely affect the manner in which we will be taxed, no assurance can be given as to whether, or in what form, such proposals will ultimately be enacted, or whether they will have an effect on us. We and holders of our shares could be adversely affected by any such change in, or any new, tax law, regulation or interpretation. Our organizational documents and agreements permit the board of directors to modify the operating agreement from time to time, without the consent of the holders of shares, to address certain changes in U.S. federal income tax regulations, legislation or interpretation. In some circumstances, such revisions could have a material adverse effect on some or all of the holders of our shares.

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relating to Investments in REITs

        We currently own one subsidiary taxed as a REIT (KFH II). We may in the future invest in other REITs. For example, we may invest in real estate through one or more REIT subsidiaries. In light of those investments and the complexity of the REIT rules, certain aspects of such rules are discussed below.

        Under the Code, a REIT itself is generally not subject to tax to the extent that it currently distributes its income to its shareholders. To qualify as a REIT, an entity is required meet a number of technical U.S. federal income tax requirements, including various tests regarding the sources of its income, the nature and diversification of its assets, the amounts it distributes to its shareholders and the ownership of its shares. In summary form, these technical requirements include the following:

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        A portion of a REIT's income from a residual interest in a REMIC or a taxable mortgage pool arrangement may be treated as "excess inclusion income." KFH II holds residual interests in certain securitization vehicles that may be treated as taxable mortgage pools. IRS guidance indicates that excess inclusion income will be allocated among a REIT's shareholders in proportion to its dividends paid. A shareholder's share of excess inclusion income (i) would not be allowed to be offset by any net operating losses otherwise available to U.S. shareholders, (ii) would be subject to tax as UBTI in the hands of most tax-exempt shareholders, and (iii) would result in the application of U.S. federal income tax withholding at the maximum rate of 30%, without reduction for any otherwise applicable income tax treaty, to the extent allocable to most types of foreign shareholders. If at any time a "disqualified organization," as defined in Section 860E(e)(5) of the Code, is a record holder of our shares, we would be subject to tax at the highest corporate tax rate on any excess inclusion income allocable to such disqualified organization.

        A REIT in which we invest will generally not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the portion of its ordinary income and capital gain it distributes currently to its shareholders. The REIT would be subject to tax at corporate rates on any net ordinary income or capital gain not so distributed. The REIT would also be subject to a tax equal to 100% of net income from any prohibited transaction and to alternative minimum tax liability (which could arise if it has significant items of tax preference). A "prohibited transaction" is a sale of inventory or property held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. We generally do not anticipate that any REIT in which we invest will generate significant amounts of income from prohibited transactions.

        If a REIT in which we invest failed to qualify as a REIT and was not able to cure such failure under the applicable provisions of the Code, it would be subject to U.S. federal income tax (including any applicable alternative minimum tax) on its taxable income at regular corporate rates, and it would not be permitted to deduct distributions to its shareholders. In addition, to the extent of current and accumulated earnings and profits, all distributions would be taxable as dividend income and, subject to certain limitations under the Code, corporate distributees could be eligible for the dividends-received deduction and individual U.S. holders could be eligible for the reduced U.S. federal income tax rate on corporate dividends. Unless entitled to relief under specific statutory provisions, such REIT and any "successor entity" will also be disqualified from taxation as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year in which it lost its qualification. It is not possible to state whether in all circumstances a REIT subsidiary would be entitled to this statutory relief.

        In addition, if KFH II failed to qualify as a REIT, it could result in the securitization vehicles treated as taxable mortgage pools being taxed as corporations for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Generally, when an entity, or a portion of an entity, is classified as a taxable mortgage pool, it is treated as a taxable corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes. However, special rules apply to a REIT, a portion of a REIT or a qualified REIT subsidiary that is a taxable mortgage pool. The portion of the REIT's assets held directly or through a qualified REIT subsidiary that qualifies as a taxable mortgage pool is treated as a qualified REIT subsidiary that is not subject to corporate income tax, and the taxable mortgage pool classification does not affect the tax qualification of the REIT. We expect that KFH II will continue to be treated as a REIT and the special rules will apply to its ownership of the securitization vehicles treated as taxable mortgage pools. However, if the securitization vehicles were not eligible for the special treatment for taxable mortgage pools owned by a REIT, the resulting corporate income tax liability of the securitization vehicles could be substantial.

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        You will be allocated a portion of the income that we realize with respect to our ownership of the equity of any REIT in which we invest. You generally will be taxed with respect to this allocated income in the same manner as if you held the REIT shares directly.

        U.S. Holders of REIT Shares.     Distributions made by a REIT to its taxable U.S. shareholders out of current or accumulated earnings and profits (and not designated as capital gain dividends) will be taken into account by them as ordinary income and will not be eligible for the dividends-received deduction for corporations or the reduced rate of U.S. federal income tax on qualified dividend income for taxpayers taxed at individual rates (through December 31, 2012). Distributions that a REIT designates as capital gain dividends will be taxed as long-term capital gains (to the extent they do not exceed the REIT's actual net capital gain for the taxable year) without regard to the period for which the shareholder has held its stock. Corporate shareholders, however, may be required to treat up to 20% of certain capital gain dividends as ordinary income. Distributions in excess of current and accumulated earnings and profits will generally not be taxable to a shareholder to the extent that they do not exceed the shareholder's adjusted basis in its shares, but rather will reduce such adjusted basis. To the extent that such distributions exceed the adjusted basis of a shareholder's shares they will be included in income as long-term capital gain (or short-term capital gain if the shares have been held for one year or less), assuming the shares are a capital asset in the hands of the shareholder. Any consent dividends deemed paid by a REIT will be taxable as ordinary income to the shareholders to the extent of earnings and profits, even though no cash will be distributed by the REIT. Shareholders may not include in their income tax returns any net operating losses or capital losses of a REIT. A U.S. shareholder's share of excess inclusion income would not be allowed to be offset by any net operating losses otherwise available to the shareholder.

        A shareholder's gain on the sale of its shares in a REIT will be taxed at long-term or short-term capital gain rates, depending on how long the shares were held, and assuming the shares were a capital asset in the hands of the shareholder. In general, however, any loss upon a sale or exchange of shares by a shareholder that has held such shares for six months or less (after applying certain holding period rules) will be treated as a long-term capital loss to the extent of previous distributions from a REIT to the shareholder that were required to be treated by such shareholder as long-term capital gain.

        Tax-Exempt Holders of REIT Shares.     Unless the REIT is a "pension-held REIT," distributions by a REIT to a shareholder that is a tax-exempt entity generally will not constitute UBTI, other than any amounts that represent excess inclusion income, assuming the shares are not debt-financed or used in an unrelated business of such holder. Although tax-exempt holders of our shares may not derive significant UBTI as a result of distributions with respect to REIT shares, such holders will recognize a significant amount of UBTI as a result of indebtedness incurred by us with respect to our assets and as a result of excess inclusion income from the securitization vehicles that are treated as taxable mortgage pools. See "—Taxation of Holders of Our Shares—Unrelated Business Taxable Income." Tax-exempt holders are strongly urged to consult their tax advisors regarding the tax consequences of owning shares.

        Taxation of Non-U.S. Holders of REIT Shares.     Dividends from a REIT that are not attributable to gains from the sale of "United States real property interests" would be subject to U.S. withholding tax at a 30% rate (subject to reduction by applicable treaty). For most types of foreign shareholders, dividends that are attributable to excess inclusion income would be subject to withholding at the maximum rate of 30%, without reduction for any otherwise applicable income tax treaty. However, if a distribution is treated as effectively connected with the non-U.S. shareholder's conduct of a U.S. trade or business, the non-U.S. shareholder generally will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the distribution at graduated rates, in the same manner as U.S. shareholders are taxed on distributions and may be subject to the 30% branch profits tax in the case of corporate non-U.S. shareholders.

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        Dividends that are attributable to gains from the sale of United States real property interests would be subject under FIRPTA to withholding tax at a rate of 35% and would be considered income effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business (which would require the filing of U.S. federal income tax returns by non-U.S. persons and which would be subject to the branch profits tax for corporate non-U.S. holders). For these purposes, dividends paid are first considered attributable to gains from the sale of United States real property interests, if any. The term "United States real property interest" does not include mortgage loans or mortgage-backed securities. As a result, we do not anticipate that KFH II will generate material amounts of gain that would be subject to FIRPTA. If we invest in real estate through one or more REIT subsidiaries, we may generate gain that is subject to FIRPTA.

        If at least 50% of the assets that a REIT holds are United States real property interests, gains from the sale of the REIT shares by a non-U.S. shareholder would be subject to FIRPTA tax. We believe it is unlikely that gains from the sale of the equity in KFH II will be subject to the FIRPTA tax. It is possible, however, we may hold stock in another REIT that exceeds the 50% threshold. Gains on the sale of shares in such a REIT, however, would not be subject to the FIRPTA tax, so long as the REIT was "domestically controlled." A domestically controlled REIT is a REIT in which, at all times during a specified testing period, less than 50% in value of its shares is held directly or indirectly by non-U.S. persons.

        You should consult your tax advisors regarding the application and effect of state, local and foreign income and other tax laws on the indirect investment in stock or other securities of any REIT in which we invest.

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DESCRIPTION OF SHARES

General

        The following is a summary of some of the terms of the shares representing limited liability company interests in KKR Financial Holdings LLC. Our operating agreement provides for the issuance of our shares, as well as certain terms of our shares. The following summary of some of the terms of our shares, the operating agreement and the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act is not complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by reference to, all of the provisions of the operating agreement, a copy of which has been incorporated by reference as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and which you may obtain as described under "Where You Can Find More Information," and the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act.

Authorized Shares

        Each of our shares represents a limited liability company interest in KKR Financial Holdings LLC. We are authorized to issue, pursuant to action by our board of directors and without action by holders of our shares, up to 500,000,000 common shares and up to 50,000,000 preferred shares. As of October 28, 2011, there were 178,145,482 common shares outstanding and no preferred shares outstanding. The aggregate number of shares that we are authorized to issue, and the authorized number of any class of our shares, may be increased from time to time by an amendment to the operating agreement upon the adoption of a resolution by our board of directors declaring such amendment to be advisable and approval of such amendment by the holders of at least a majority of our shares then outstanding at a meeting of shareholders.

        There is currently only one class of our common shares outstanding. All outstanding common shares of this class are duly issued. Holders of common shares of this class, as such, are not entitled to any preemptive rights to subscribe for or purchase our shares or any other securities we may issue, and the common shares of this class are not convertible at the option of the holders into other securities. Upon payment of the full consideration payable to us upon original issuance of any common shares of this class, as determined by our board of directors, the holders of those shares will not be obligated to make any additional capital contributions to us with respect to those shares. All common shares of this class are non-assessable. However, holders of common shares may be liable to us for certain distributions made to them in violation of the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act or the operating agreement as described below under "—Liability For Distributions" and "—Certain Provisions of the Operating Agreement—Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer" and may also be required to make certain other payments as described under "—Certain Required Payments."

        Voting Rights.     Holders of outstanding common shares are entitled to one vote per common share as provided in the operating agreement. Subject to the voting rights, if any, of any other class or series of our shares that may be outstanding from time to time, the holders of common shares are entitled, at the annual meeting of the holders of our shares, to vote for the election of all of our directors. Because the operating agreement does not provide for cumulative voting rights, the holders of a plurality of the voting power of the then outstanding common shares represented at a meeting of the holders of the common shares will effectively be able to elect all our directors standing for election by the holders of our common shares.

        Distribution Rights.     We may, subject to certain restrictions, pursuant to action of our board of directors, declare and pay distributions on the common shares. Holders of our outstanding common shares are entitled to share ratably (based on the number of common shares held) in any distribution declared by our board of directors out of funds legally available therefor, subject to any statutory or contractual restrictions on the payment of distributions, including those in the operating agreement and

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the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act, and to any restrictions on the payment of distributions imposed by the terms of any other outstanding shares.

        Dissolution Rights.     For a description of some of the provisions of our operating agreement that would be applicable to our outstanding common shares in the event of our dissolution, see "—Certain Provisions of the Operating Agreement—Dissolution" below.

        Our board of directors may, without further action by the holders of our shares (unless required by the rules of any applicable stock exchange), cause us to issue from time to time one or more other classes or series of our shares, including one or more classes of preferred shares and one or more other classes of common shares. Our board of directors may determine, without further action by the holders of our shares, the terms, designations, preferences, rights, powers and duties of any such future shares, including:

        The Delaware Limited Liability Company Act imposes certain restrictions on distributions by a limited liability company to its members. In that regard, our operating agreement defines a "member" as any holder of our shares. The Delaware Limited Liability Company Act provides that any of our members who receives a distribution from us (including both distributions made by us from time to time and distributions in the event of our dissolution) and who knew at the time of the distribution that the distribution was in violation of these restrictions shall be liable to us for the amount of the distribution for three years, subject to extension under certain circumstances. Under the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act, a limited liability company may not in general make a distribution to any of its members if, after the distribution, all liabilities of the limited liability company, other than liabilities to its members on account of their limited liability company interests and liabilities for which the recourse of creditors is limited to specific property of the limited liability company, would exceed the fair value of the assets of the limited liability company. For the purpose of determining the fair value of the assets of a limited liability company, the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act provides that the fair value of property subject to liability for which recourse of creditors is limited shall be included in the assets of the limited liability company only to the extent that the fair value of that property exceeds the nonrecourse liability. In addition, the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act and our operating agreement provide in general that, in the event of our dissolution, holders of our shares will be entitled to share in our assets legally available for distribution only after satisfaction of or

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provision for our liabilities to creditors and satisfaction of liabilities for certain distributions owing to our members and former members. See "—Certain Provisions of the Operating Agreement—Dissolution."

        In addition, our operating agreement provides that a member may be required to repay any distributions made to such member that are inconsistent with, or in violation of, the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act, any provision of the operating agreement or any other applicable law.

        Under the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act, unless otherwise provided in the operating agreement of a limited liability company, an assignee of limited liability company interests (such as our shares) who becomes a member of the limited liability company is liable for the obligations of the assignor of those interests to make any required contributions to the limited liability company, but the assignee is not obligated for, among other things, liabilities unknown to the assignee at the time it became a member and that could not be ascertained from the operating agreement. Under our operating agreement, a person who purchases our shares is deemed to become one of our members and is therefore subject to the provisions described in the preceding sentence.

        Under our operating agreement, holders of our shares may be required to make certain other payments under certain circumstances. For example, a holder of our shares may be required to pay a sum sufficient to cover any tax or other governmental charge that may be imposed in connection with a transfer of those shares. In the event that we issue a new share certificate in place of any share certificate that has been lost, destroyed or stolen, we may require that the holder of the shares evidenced by the lost, destroyed or stolen certificate give the transfer agent for our shares a bond sufficient to indemnify the transfer agent against any claim made against it on account of the alleged loss, theft or destruction or the issuance of such new certificate. In addition, we may require that a holder of our shares who requests that we call a special meeting of holders of our shares pay the costs of preparing and mailing the notice of meeting, including the proxy materials.

Grantor Trust

        Pursuant to our operating agreement, in the future our board of directors may implement a reorganization, without the consent of holders of our shares, whereby a Delaware statutory trust, which we refer to as a "Trust," would become the holder of all (or less if so provided by our board of directors) of our outstanding shares and each holder of our shares (other than any shares excluded by our board of directors) would receive shares of the Trust (representing beneficial interests in the Trust) in exchange for its shares in us. Our board of directors will have the power to decide in its sole discretion to implement such a trust structure subject to the limitations set forth below. We expect that we would treat the Trust as a grantor trust for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As such, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, each holder of Trust shares would be treated as the beneficial owner of a pro rata portion of our shares held by the Trust and holders of Trust shares would receive annual tax information relating to their investment on tax information statements similar to IRS Form 1099, rather than on IRS Schedule K-1. Pursuant to the operating agreement, our board of directors will not implement such a trust structure if it determines, in its sole discretion, that the reorganization would be taxable or would otherwise alter the benefits or burdens of ownership of our shares, including, without limitation, a holder's allocation of items of income, gain, loss, deduction or credit or the treatment of such items for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Pursuant to the operating agreement, our board of directors will also be required to implement the reorganization in such a manner that does not have a material adverse effect on the voting or economic rights of our shares.

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        The IRS could challenge the Trust's manner of reporting to investors (e.g., if the IRS asserts that the Trust constitutes a partnership or is ignored for U.S. federal income tax purposes). In addition, the Trust could be subject to penalties if it were determined that the Trust did not satisfy applicable partnership reporting requirements for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Any of these circumstances could have an adverse effect on the market value of our shares and of any other securities we may issue.

Certain Provisions of the Operating Agreement

        Term.     The operating agreement provides that we will remain in existence until terminated in accordance with the operating agreement.

        Agreement to be Bound by Operating Agreement; Power of Attorney.     By acquiring a share in KKR Financial Holdings LLC, you will be admitted as a member of KKR Financial Holdings LLC and shall become bound by the terms of the operating agreement. Pursuant to the operating agreement, each holder of our shares agrees to the consents and waivers contained in the operating agreement and grants to each of our chief executive officer, our president and our secretary (and, if appointed, a liquidator) a power of attorney to, among other things, execute and file documents required for our qualification, continuance or dissolution and to make certain amendments to the operating agreement.

        Election to be Treated as an Association Taxable as a Corporation.     The operating agreement provides that our board of directors may, without the consent or vote of holders of our shares, cause us to elect to be treated as an association taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes if the board receives an opinion from a nationally recognized financial adviser to the effect that our market valuation is expected to be significantly lower as a result of our continuing to be treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes than if we instead elected to be treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

        Dissolution.     The operating agreement provides for our dissolution and winding up upon the occurrence of:

We refer to these events as "dissolution events."

        The operating agreement provides in general that, upon the occurrence of a dissolution event, our property shall be applied and distributed, to the extent permitted by law, in the following order:

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        The operating agreement provides that it is intended that each common share shall receive an identical amount under the provision described in the last bullet point above.

        Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer.     Because we intend to maintain the flexibility to have a REIT subsidiary, the ownership of our shares must be widely held so that no more than 50% of the value of our outstanding shares may be owned, directly or constructively, by five or fewer individuals (as defined in the Code to include certain entities).

        The operating agreement, subject to certain exceptions, contains restrictions on the number of our shares that a person may own. The operating agreement provides that (subject to certain exceptions described below) no person may beneficially or constructively own, or be deemed to beneficially or constructively own by virtue of the attribution provisions of the Code, more than 9.8% in value or in number, whichever is more restrictive, of our shares.

        The operating agreement, subject to certain exceptions, prohibits any person from beneficially or constructively owning shares that would result in any subsidiary of ours that has elected to be taxed as a REIT (we sometimes refer to any such subsidiary as, individually, a "REIT subsidiary"), being "closely held" under Section 856(h) of the Code or otherwise cause a REIT subsidiary to fail to qualify as a REIT.

        Any person who acquires or attempts or intends to acquire beneficial or constructive ownership of our shares that will or may violate any of the foregoing restrictions on transferability and ownership, or who is the intended transferee of shares which are transferred to a charitable trust (as described below), is required by the operating agreement to give written notice to us immediately, or, in the case of such a proposed or attempted transaction, to give us at least fifteen days prior written notice, and to provide us with such other information as we may request in order to determine the effect of such transfer on the status of any REIT subsidiary as a REIT. The foregoing restrictions on transferability and ownership may be terminated by our board of directors if it determines that it is no longer in our best interests for any REIT subsidiary to continue to qualify as a REIT under the Code or that compliance with those restrictions is no longer required. As a result, our board of directors may terminate those restrictions if, for example, we were to sell or cease to operate any REIT subsidiary. As of the date of this prospectus, we have one REIT subsidiary, KFH II.

        Our board of directors, in its sole discretion, may exempt a person from the foregoing restrictions. The person seeking an exemption must provide to our board of directors such representations, covenants and undertakings as the board of directors may deem appropriate in order to conclude that granting the exemption will not cause any REIT subsidiary to lose its status as a REIT. Our board of directors may also require a ruling from the IRS or an opinion of counsel in order to ensure each REIT subsidiary's status as a REIT.

        To the extent permitted by applicable law, any attempted transfer which, if effective, would result in a violation of the foregoing restrictions, will cause the number of shares causing the violation (rounded upwards to the nearest whole share) to be automatically transferred to a trust for the exclusive benefit of one or more charitable beneficiaries, and the proposed transferee will not acquire any rights in such shares. The automatic transfer will be deemed to be effective as of the close of business on the business day prior to the date of the transfer. Shares held in the trust will be issued

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and outstanding shares. The proposed transferee will not benefit economically from ownership of any shares held in the trust and will have no rights to distributions, rights to vote or other rights attributable to the shares held in the trust. The trustee of the trust will have all voting rights and rights to distributions with respect to shares held in the trust. These rights will be exercised for the exclusive benefit of the charitable beneficiary. Any distribution paid to the proposed transferee prior to our discovery that shares have been transferred to the trust must be paid on demand to the trustee. Any distribution authorized but unpaid will be required to be paid to the trustee when due. Any distribution paid to the trustee will be held in trust for the charitable beneficiary. Subject to applicable law, the trustee will have the authority (i) to rescind as void any vote cast by the proposed transferee prior to our discovery that the shares have been transferred to the trustee and (ii) to recast the vote in accordance with the desires of the trustee acting for the benefit of the charitable beneficiary. If we have already taken irreversible action, however, then the trustee will not have the authority to rescind and recast the vote.

        Within 20 days of receiving notice from us that shares have been transferred to the trust, the trustee is required to sell the shares to a person designated by the trustee, whose ownership of the shares will not violate the above ownership limitations. Upon such sale, the interest of the charitable beneficiary in the shares sold will terminate and the trustee is required to distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the proposed transferee and to the charitable beneficiary as follows: the proposed transferee will receive the lesser of (i) the price paid by the proposed transferee for the shares or, if the proposed transferee did not give value for the shares in connection with the event causing the shares to be held in the trust (e.g., a gift, devise or other similar transaction), the market price of the shares on the day of the event causing the shares to be held in the trust and (ii) the price per share received by the trustee (net of any commissions and other expenses of sale) from the sale or other disposition of the shares. The price may be reduced, however, by the amount of any distributions paid to the proposed transferee on the shares and owed by the proposed transferee to the trustee. Any net sales proceeds in excess of the amount payable to the proposed transferee must be paid immediately to the charitable beneficiary. If, prior to discovery that shares have been transferred to the trustee, the shares are sold by the proposed transferee, then (i) the shares shall be deemed to have been sold on behalf of the trust and (ii) to the extent that the proposed transferee received an amount for the shares that exceeds the amount the proposed transferee was entitled to receive, the excess must be paid to the trustee upon demand.

        In addition, shares held in the trust will be deemed to have been offered for sale to us, or our designee, at a price per share equal to the lesser of (i) the price per share in the transaction that resulted in the transfer to the trust (or, in the case of a devise or gift, the market price at the time of the devise or gift) and (ii) the market price on the date we, or our designee, accepts the offer. The price may be reduced, however, by the amount of any distributions paid to the proposed transferee on the shares and owed by the proposed transferee to the trustee. We will have the right to accept the offer until the trustee has sold the shares. Upon a sale to us, the interest of the charitable beneficiary in the shares sold will terminate and the trustee will distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the proposed transferee.

        If the transfer of shares to a charitable trust would not be effective for any reason to prevent a violation of the foregoing restrictions then, to the fullest extent permitted by law, the transfer of that number of shares that would otherwise cause that violation shall be void ab initio and the intended transferee will acquire no rights in those shares. In addition, if our board of directors or any duly authorized committee thereof determines that a transfer or other event has taken place that has resulted in a violation of the foregoing restrictions or that a person intends or has attempted to acquire ownership of our shares in violation of those restrictions, the board of directors or such committee may take such action as it deems advisable to prevent such transfer or other event, including, without

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limitation, causing us to redeem shares, refusing to give effect to such transfer on our books or instituting proceedings to enjoin such transfer or other event.

        All certificates representing our shares will bear a legend referring to the restrictions described above.

        Every owner of 0.5% or more (or such higher percentage as determined by the Manager, in good faith, in order to maintain each REIT subsidiary's status as a REIT) in value of our shares, within 30 days after the end of each taxable year, is required by our operating agreement to give written notice to us stating the name and address of such owner, the number of shares which the owner beneficially owns and a description of the manner in which the shares are held. Each such owner of our shares is also required by the operating agreement to provide to us such additional information as we may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of such beneficial ownership on each REIT subsidiary's status as a REIT and to ensure compliance with the ownership limitations described above. In addition, each owner of shares is required by our operating agreement to provide to us such information as we may request, in good faith, in order to determine each REIT subsidiary's status as a REIT and to comply with the requirements of any taxing authority or governmental authority or to determine and ensure compliance with the ownership limitations described above.

        These ownership limitations could delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control that might involve a premium price for the shares or might otherwise be in the best interests of the holders of the shares.

        Election of Members of Our Board of Directors; Vacancies.     The operating agreement provides that the term of each director shall be the period from the effective date of such director's election until such director's successor is duly elected or appointed and qualified, or until such director's earlier death, resignation or removal, and that, except as may be provided by our board of directors in setting the terms of any class or series of our shares, any vacancy on the board of directors shall be filled by a majority vote of the directors then in office, even if the remaining directors do not constitute a quorum.

        Removal of Members of Our Board of Directors.     Subject to the rights of holders of any class or series of our shares that may be issued in the future, the operating agreement provides that any director, or the entire board of directors, may be removed from office at any time, but only for cause and then only by the affirmative vote of the holders of our shares holding at least two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast in the election of directors. "Cause" is defined by the operating agreement to mean, with respect to any particular director, conviction of a felony or a final judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction holding that such director caused demonstrable, material harm to us through bad faith or active and deliberate dishonesty.

        Duties of Officers and Directors.     The operating agreement provides that, except as otherwise provided therein or otherwise required by the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act, the fiduciary duties of our directors will generally be consistent with those of a director of a Delaware corporation. However, our operating agreement further provides that, to the fullest extent permitted by law, none of our directors has any duties, fiduciary or otherwise, with respect to any action or inaction of our Manager and any actions or inactions of our directors that cause us to act in compliance with or in accordance with the management agreement shall be deemed consistent and compliant with the fiduciary duties of such directors and shall not constitute a breach of any duty under the operating agreement or existing in law, equity or otherwise. Likewise, the operating agreement provides that, to the extent permitted by law, none of our officers owes any duty, fiduciary or otherwise, to our members or to us with respect to any action or inaction of our Manager pursuant to the management agreement.

        The operating agreement also provides that any director, officer, employee or agent of ours may engage in or possess an interest in other profit-seeking or other business ventures of any nature or

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description, independently or with others, whether or not such ventures are competitive with us, and the doctrine of corporate opportunity, or any analogous doctrine, shall not apply to such persons. Our operating agreement further provides that if any director, officer, employee or agent of ours acquires knowledge of a potential transaction, agreement, arrangement or other matter that may be an opportunity for us, that person has no duty to communicate or offer that opportunity to us and shall not be liable to us or to our members for breach of duty, including fiduciary duty under the operating agreement, at law, in equity or otherwise, by reason of the fact that such person pursues or acquires for or directs that opportunity to another person or does not communicate that opportunity to us; and that neither we nor any of our members has any rights or obligations by virtue of the operating agreement in or to any such independent ventures or the income or profit or losses derived therefrom, and the pursuit of such ventures, even if competitive with our activities, shall not be deemed wrongful or improper or a breach of any duty existing under the operating agreement, at law, in equity or otherwise.

        Limitation of Liability and Indemnification of Directors and Officers.     The operating agreement provides that none of our directors will be liable to us, or any subsidiary of ours, or any holder of our shares, for monetary damages for any acts or omissions arising from the performance of any of such director's obligations or duties in connection with our company, including any breach of fiduciary duty, except (1) for any breach of the director's duty of loyalty to us or the holders of our shares; (2) for acts or omissions not in good faith or which involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law; or (3) for any transaction from which the director derived an improper benefit.

        The operating agreement further provides that, to the fullest extent permitted by law, none of our directors shall be liable to us, to any holder of our shares or to any other person for (1) any action taken or not taken as required by the operating agreement; (2) any action taken or not taken as permitted by the operating agreement and with respect to which such director acted on an informed basis, in good faith and with the honest belief that such action, taken or not taken, was in our best interests; or (3) our compliance with an obligation incurred or the performance of any agreement entered into prior to that director having become one of our directors.

        The operating agreement further provides that each director shall, in the performance of such director's duties, be fully protected in relying in good faith upon our records and upon such information, opinions, reports or statements presented to us by the Manager, or employees of the Manager, or any of our officers, or committees of our board of directors, or by any other person as to matters the director reasonably believes are within such other person's professional or expert competence, including, without limitation, information, opinions, reports or statements as to the value and amount of our assets, liabilities, profits or losses, or the value and amount of assets or reserves or contracts, agreements or other undertakings that would be sufficient to pay our claims and obligations or to make reasonable provision to pay such claims or obligations, or any other facts pertinent to the existence and amount of our assets from which distributions to members might properly be paid.

        The operating agreement further provides that a director shall not be liable to us, to any other director, to any holder of our shares or to any other person that is a party to or otherwise bound by the operating agreement for breach of fiduciary duty for such director's good faith reliance on the provisions of the operating agreement.

        The operating agreement provides that we may indemnify, to the fullest extent permitted by law, each person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by us or in our right) by reason of the fact that the person is or was a director, officer, employee, tax matters member (as defined in the operating agreement) or agent of ours, or is or was serving at our request as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys' fees), judgments, fines

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and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding, if the person acted in good faith and in a manner the person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to our best interests, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe their conduct was unlawful.

        The operating agreement provides that we may, to the fullest extent permitted by law, indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action or suit by or in the right of our company to procure a judgment in our favor by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director, officer, employee, tax matters member or agent of ours, or is or was serving at our request as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys' fees) actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with the defense or settlement of that action or suit if the person acted in good faith and in a manner the person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to our best interests and except that no indemnification shall be made in respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person has been adjudged to be liable to us unless and only to the extent that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or the court in which such action or suit was brought shall determine upon application that, despite the adjudication of liability but in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which such court shall deem proper.

        The operating agreement provides that, to the extent that a present or former director, officer or tax matters member of ours has been successful on the merits or otherwise in defense of any action, suit or proceeding referred to in either of the two preceding paragraphs, or in defense of any claim, issue or matter therein, such person shall be indemnified against expenses (including attorneys' fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection therewith.

        The operating agreement provides that each of the persons entitled to be indemnified for expenses and liabilities as contemplated above may, in the performance of his, her or its duties, consult with legal counsel and accountants, and any act or omission by such person on our behalf in furtherance of our interests in good faith in reliance upon, and in accordance with, the advice of such legal counsel or accountants will be full justification for any such act or omission, and such person will be fully protected for such acts and omissions; provided that such legal counsel or accountants were selected with reasonable care by or on our behalf.

        The operating agreement also authorizes us, to the fullest extent permitted by law, to pay expenses (including attorneys' fees) incurred by a director, officer, employee, tax matters member or agent of ours in defending any civil, criminal, administrative or investigative action, suit or proceeding in advance of its final disposition upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of such person to repay such amount if it shall ultimately be determined that such person is not entitled to be indemnified by us as authorized in the operating agreement. The operating agreement provides that the indemnification provisions therein are intended to comply with the requirements of and to provide indemnification and advancement rights substantially similar to those made available to directors, officers, employees and agents of a corporation incorporated under the Delaware General Corporation Law.

        Limitation on Special Meetings and Actions by Written Consent.     The operating agreement provides that special meetings of the holders of our shares may only be called by the chairman of the board of directors, the president, the chief executive officer or the board of directors, or by the secretary upon the written request of the holders entitled to cast not less than a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast at such meeting. In addition, the operating agreement provides that action may only be taken by written consent of holders of our shares if the unanimous written consent of all of the holders of our shares entitled to vote or consent to such matter is received. The inability of holders of our shares to

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easily call a special meeting or take action by written consent could render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of us.

        Advance Notice Requirements for Director Nominations and Proposals by Holders of Our Shares.     The operating agreement provides that nominations of individuals for election to the board of directors at an annual meeting of holders of our shares and the proposal of business to be considered at an annual meeting of holders of our shares may be made only:

        With respect to special meetings of holders of our shares, only the business specified in our notice of the meeting may be brought before the meeting. Nominations of individuals for election to the board of directors at a special meeting may be made only:

        The operating agreement provides that holders of our shares seeking to bring business before an annual meeting of holders of our shares or to nominate candidates for election as directors at an annual meeting of holders of our shares must generally provide notice thereof in writing to us not less than 120 days and not more than 150 days prior to the anniversary date of the mailing of the notice of the preceding year's annual meeting of holders of our shares. The operating agreement also provides that in the event we call a special meeting of holders of our shares for the purpose of electing one or more individuals to the board of directors, any holder of our shares seeking to nominate a candidate for election at that meeting must provide notice thereof to us in writing not earlier than the 120th day prior to such special meeting and not later than the later of the 90th day prior to such special meeting or the tenth day following the day on which public announcement is first made of the date of the special meeting and of the nominees for director proposed by the board of directors to be elected at such meeting.

        Mergers and Sales of Assets.     Subject to the provisions described in the second paragraph under "—Provisions in the Operating Agreement that may have an Anti-Takeover Effect" below, the operating agreement provides that we may not merge or consolidate with or into any limited liability company, corporation, statutory trust, business trust or association, real estate investment trust, common-law trust or any other unincorporated business, including a partnership, or sell, lease or exchange all or substantially all of our property or assets, unless, in each case, our board of directors adopts a resolution by a majority vote approving such action and unless such action is approved by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of each class of our shares then outstanding and entitled to vote thereon, except that no vote by the holders of our shares is required in the case of a transaction described above under "—Grantor Trust" or, in general, any transaction involving any of our subsidiaries or their assets.

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        Replacement of Our Manager.     The operating agreement provides that, if our management agreement is terminated and the board of directors determines that a replacement manager should be retained, the affirmative vote of a majority of the outstanding shares is required to retain such replacement manager.

        Amendment of the Operating Agreement.     The operating agreement (including the distribution provisions thereof) may be amended only by a majority vote of our board of directors, except that amending specified provisions of the operating agreement that relate to the following matters (other than to correct administrative or ministerial errors or omissions or for clarification) requires an affirmative vote of holders of at least a majority of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at a meeting of holders of our shares:

        As a result of its broad authority to amend the operating agreement, our board of directors could, in the future, choose to amend the operating agreement to include provisions that have the intention or effect of discouraging takeover attempts.

        In addition, the operating agreement gives our board of directors broad authority to effect amendments to the provisions of the operating agreement that can change many of the terms of our shares without the consent of holders of our shares. As a result, our board of directors may, without the approval of holders of our shares, make changes to many of the terms of our shares that are adverse to the holders of our shares.

Provisions in the Operating Agreement that may have an Anti-Takeover Effect

        Some of the provisions in the operating agreement described above could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire, or may discourage a third party from acquiring, control of us. These provisions include, among others:

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        In addition, the operating agreement contains provisions based on Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law which in general prohibit us from engaging in a "business combination" with an "interested member" (as those terms are defined in the operating agreement), unless such business combination is approved by the affirmative vote of the holders of 66 and 2/3% of each class of our outstanding shares, excluding shares held by the interested member or any affiliate or associate of the interested member. However, if, as described in clause (1) of the following paragraph, a majority of our board of directors approves the transaction pursuant to which a person would have become an "interested member," such person will not be deemed an "interested member" and the foregoing prohibition on business combinations with such person will not apply.

        An "interested member" is, in general and subject to exceptions, (1) a person who is, or was at any time within the prior three-year period immediately prior to the date in question, the beneficial owner of 15% or more of our outstanding shares and who did not become the beneficial owner of such amount of shares pursuant to a transaction that was approved by a majority of our board of directors or (2) a person who is an assignee of, or has otherwise succeeded to, any of our shares of which an interested member was the beneficial owner at any time within the three-year period immediately prior to the date in question, if such assignment or succession occurred in a transaction, or series of transactions, not involving a public offering within the meaning of the Securities Act.

        A "business combination" includes, in general and among other things,

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        The operating agreement defines "net investment value" as, in general, the aggregate market value of our outstanding shares, plus the amount of our borrowings (other than intercompany borrowings), plus the value of certain future investments we have committed to make, less the amount of our cash and cash equivalents, subject to certain adjustments.

        Certain provisions of the management agreement also could make it more difficult for third parties to acquire control of us by various means, including limitations on our right to terminate the management agreement and a requirement that, under certain circumstances, we make a substantial payment to the Manager in the event of a termination.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

        The transfer agent and registrar for the common shares is American Stock Transfer & Trust Company.

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DESCRIPTION OF SENIOR NOTES AND GUARANTEES

        We may issue our senior notes either separately, or together with, or upon the conversion or exercise of or in exchange for, other securities described in this prospectus. The senior notes will be our unsubordinated and, unless otherwise expressly stated in the applicable prospectus supplement, unsecured obligations and may be issued in one or more series. The senior notes of any series may have the benefit of guarantees (each, a "Guarantee"), by one or more of our subsidiaries (each, a "Guarantor"). The Guarantees will be the unsubordinated and, unless otherwise expressly stated in the applicable prospectus supplement, unsecured obligations of the respective Guarantors. If so indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we may issue senior notes that are secured by specified collateral or that have the benefit of one or more Guarantees that are secured by specified collateral. Unless otherwise expressly stated or the context otherwise requires, as used in this section, the term "guaranteed senior notes" means any senior notes that, as described in the prospectus supplement relating thereto, are guaranteed by one or more of our subsidiaries pursuant to the applicable indenture (as defined below); the term "secured senior notes" means any senior notes that, as described in the prospectus supplement relating thereto, are secured by collateral; the term "unsecured senior notes" means any senior notes that are not secured senior notes; and the term "senior notes" includes both unsecured senior notes and secured senior notes.

        The senior notes (other than guaranteed senior notes) will be issued under one or more indentures, each to be entered into by us and a trustee, and the guaranteed senior notes will be issued under one or more other indentures, each to be entered into by us, one or more Guarantors and a trustee. The trustee shall be Wilmington Trust, National Association or such other trustee as may be named in the applicable prospectus supplement. Unless otherwise expressly stated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we may issue both secured and unsecured senior notes under the same indenture. Unless otherwise expressly stated or the context otherwise requires, references in this section to the "indenture" and the "trustee" refer to the applicable indenture pursuant to which any particular series of senior notes is issued and to the trustee under that indenture. The terms of any series of senior notes and, if applicable, any Guarantees of the senior notes of such series will be those specified in or pursuant to the applicable indenture and in the certificates evidencing that series of senior notes and those made part of the indenture by the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended, or the "Trust Indenture Act of 1939."

        The following summary of selected provisions of the indenture, the senior notes and the Guarantees is not complete, and the summary of selected terms of a particular series of senior notes and, if applicable, the Guarantees of the senior notes of that series included in the applicable prospectus supplement also will not be complete. You should review the form of applicable indenture, the form of any applicable supplemental indenture and the form of certificate evidencing the applicable senior notes, which forms have been or will be filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part or as exhibits to documents which have been or will be incorporated by reference in this prospectus. To obtain a copy of the form of indenture, the form of any such supplemental indenture or the form of certificate for any senior notes, see "Where You Can Find More Information" in this prospectus. The following summary and the summary in the applicable prospectus supplement are qualified in their entirety by reference to all of the provisions of the applicable indenture, any supplemental indenture and the certificates evidencing the applicable senior notes, which provisions, including defined terms, are incorporated by reference in this prospectus.

        Capitalized terms used in this section and not defined have the meanings assigned to those terms in the indenture. Unless otherwise expressly stated or the context otherwise requires, references in this section to "KKR Financial," "we," "our company," "us" and "our" and other similar references mean KKR Financial Holdings LLC, excluding its subsidiaries.

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        The following description of senior notes describes general terms and provisions of a series of senior notes and, if applicable, the Guarantees of the senior notes of that series to which any prospectus supplement may relate. When we offer to sell a series of senior notes, we will describe the specific terms of the series and, if applicable, any Guarantees of the senior notes of that series in the applicable prospectus supplement. If any particular terms of the senior notes or, if applicable, any Guarantees of the senior notes of that series or the indenture described in a prospectus supplement differ from any of the terms described in this prospectus, then the terms described in the applicable prospectus supplement will supersede the terms described in this prospectus.

General

        The senior notes may be issued from time to time in one or more series. We can issue an unlimited amount of senior notes under the indenture. The indenture provides that senior notes of any series may be issued up to the aggregate principal amount which may be authorized from time to time by us. Please read the applicable prospectus supplement relating to the series of senior notes being offered for specific terms including, where applicable:

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        As used in this prospectus and any prospectus supplement relating to the offering of senior notes of any series, references to the principal of and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on the senior notes of the series include the payment of Additional Amounts, if any, required by the senior notes of the series to be paid in that context.

        Senior notes may be issued as original issue discount securities to be sold at a substantial discount below their principal amount. In the event of an acceleration of the maturity of any original issue discount security, the amount payable to the holder upon acceleration will be determined in the manner described in the applicable prospectus supplement. Certain U.S. federal income tax considerations applicable to original issue discount securities will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement, if applicable.

        If the purchase price of any senior notes is payable in a foreign currency or if the principal of, or premium, if any, or interest, if any, on any senior notes is payable in a foreign currency, the specific terms of those senior notes and the applicable foreign currency will be specified in the prospectus supplement relating to those senior notes.

        The terms of the senior notes of any series may differ from the terms of the senior notes of any other series, and the terms of particular senior notes within any series may differ from each other. Unless otherwise expressly provided in the prospectus supplement relating to any series of senior notes, we may, without the consent of the holders of the senior notes of any series, reopen an existing series of senior notes and issue additional senior notes of that series.

        Unless otherwise described in a prospectus supplement relating to any series of senior notes and except to the limited extent set forth below under "—Merger, Consolidation and Transfer of Assets," the indenture does not contain any provisions that would limit our ability or the ability of any of our subsidiaries to incur indebtedness or other liabilities or that would afford holders of senior notes protection in the event of a business combination, takeover, recapitalization or highly leveraged or similar transaction involving us. Accordingly, we and our subsidiaries may in the future enter into transactions that could increase the amount of our consolidated indebtedness and other liabilities or otherwise adversely affect our capital structure or credit rating without the consent of the holders of the senior notes of any series.

Registration, Transfer and Payment

        Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, each series of senior notes will be issued in registered form only, without coupons. The indenture, however, provides that we may also issue a series of senior notes in bearer form only, or in both registered and bearer form.

        Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, registered senior notes will be issued in denominations of $1,000 or any integral multiples of $1,000, and bearer senior notes will be issued in denominations of $5,000.

        Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, the senior notes will be payable and may be surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange and, if applicable, for conversion into or exchange for other securities or property, at an office or agency maintained by us in the United States of America. However, we, at our option, may make payments of interest on any registered senior note by check mailed to the address of the Person entitled to receive that payment or

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by wire transfer to an account maintained by the payee with a bank located in the United States of America. Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, no service charge shall be made for any registration of transfer or exchange, redemption or repayment of senior notes, or for any conversion or exchange of senior notes for other securities or property, but we may require payment of a sum sufficient to cover any tax or other governmental charge that may be imposed in connection with that transaction.

        Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, payment of principal, premium, if any, and interest, if any, on bearer senior notes will be made, subject to any applicable laws and regulations, at an office or agency outside the United States. Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, payment of interest due on bearer senior notes on any interest payment date will be made only against surrender of the coupon relating to that interest payment date. Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, no payment of principal, premium, if any, or interest, if any, with respect to any bearer senior note will be made at any office or agency in the United States or by check mailed to any address in the United States or by wire transfer to an account maintained with a bank located in the United States. However, if any bearer senior notes are payable in U.S. dollars, payments on those bearer securities may be made at the corporate trust office of the relevant trustee or at any office or agency designated by us in the United States of America if, but only if, payment of the full amount due on the bearer senior notes for principal, premium, if any, or interest, if any, at all offices outside of the United States maintained for that purpose by us is illegal or effectively precluded by exchange controls or similar restrictions.

        Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will not be required to:

Ranking of Senior Notes

        The unsecured senior notes of each series will be our unsecured unsubordinated obligations and will rank on a parity in right of payment with all of our other unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness. The secured senior notes of each series will be our unsubordinated obligations and will rank on a parity in right of payment with all of our other unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness, except that the secured senior notes of any series will effectively rank senior to our unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness in respect of claims against the collateral that is pledged to secure those secured senior notes.

        The senior notes will be our obligations exclusively. We are a holding company and substantially all of our consolidated assets are held and substantially all of our consolidated revenues are generated by our subsidiaries. Accordingly, our cash flow and our ability to service our debt, including the senior notes, depend on the results of operations of our subsidiaries and upon the ability of our subsidiaries to provide cash to us, whether in the form of dividends, loans or otherwise, to pay amounts due on our

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obligations, including the senior notes. Our subsidiaries are separate and distinct legal entities and have no obligation, contingent or otherwise, to make payments on the senior notes (except, in the case of any subsidiary that has guaranteed any senior notes, its obligations under its Guarantee of those senior notes for so long as that Guarantee remains in effect) or to make any funds available to us. Certain debt and security agreements entered into by certain of our subsidiaries contain various restrictions, including restrictions on payments and loans by our subsidiaries to us and the transfer by our subsidiaries of assets pledged as collateral. In addition, dividends, loans or other distributions from our subsidiaries to us may be subject to additional contractual and other restrictions, are dependent upon the results of operations of our subsidiaries and are subject to other business considerations.

        The unsecured senior notes will be effectively subordinated to all of our existing and future secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the collateral securing that indebtedness. Consequently, in the event of a bankruptcy, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or similar proceeding with respect to us, the holders of our secured indebtedness will be entitled to proceed directly against the collateral that secures that secured indebtedness and such collateral will not be available for satisfaction of any amounts owed by us under our unsecured indebtedness, including the unsecured senior notes, until that secured indebtedness is satisfied in full. Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the indenture will not limit our ability to incur secured indebtedness.

        The unsecured senior notes (other than any unsecured senior notes that have been guaranteed by any of our subsidiaries for so long as the Guarantees of those senior notes remain in effect) will be effectively subordinated to all existing and future liabilities and preferred equity of our subsidiaries. These liabilities may include indebtedness, trade payables, other guarantees, lease obligations, swaps and letter of credit obligations. Therefore, our rights and the rights of our creditors, including the holders of unsecured senior notes, to participate in the assets of any subsidiary upon that subsidiary's bankruptcy, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or similar circumstances will be subject (except in the case of any subsidiary that has guaranteed any unsecured senior notes for so long as its Guarantee of those senior notes remains in effect) to the prior claims of the subsidiary's creditors, except to the extent that we may ourselves be a creditor with recognized claims against the subsidiary. However, even if we are a creditor of one or more of our subsidiaries, our claims would still be effectively subordinate to any security interest in, or mortgages or other liens on, the assets of the subsidiary and would be subordinate to any indebtedness of the subsidiary senior to that held by us. Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the indenture will not limit the ability of any of our subsidiaries to incur additional secured or unsecured indebtedness, guarantees or other liabilities.

Guarantees

        The senior notes of any series may be guaranteed by one or more of the following subsidiaries: KKR Financial Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation, KKR Financial Holdings II, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, KKR Financial Holdings III, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, and KKR Financial Holdings IV, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company. However, the indenture governing the guaranteed senior notes will not require that any of the foregoing subsidiaries be a Guarantor of any series of guaranteed senior notes and will permit us to appoint other Guarantors for any series of guaranteed senior notes in addition to or instead of any of the foregoing subsidiaries. As a result, the Guarantors of any series of guaranteed senior notes may differ from the Guarantors of any other series of guaranteed senior notes. In the event we issue a series of guaranteed senior notes, the specific Guarantors of the senior notes of that series will be identified in the applicable prospectus supplement.

        If we issue a series of guaranteed senior notes, a description of some of the terms of Guarantees of those senior notes will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement. Unless otherwise provided in the prospectus supplement relating to a series of guaranteed senior notes, each Guarantor

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of the senior notes of such series will unconditionally guarantee the due and punctual payment of the principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on and any other amounts payable with respect to, each senior note of such series and the due and punctual performance of all of our other obligations under the indenture with respect to the senior notes of such series, all in accordance with the terms of such senior notes and the indenture.

        Notwithstanding the foregoing, unless otherwise provided in the prospectus supplement relating to a series of guaranteed senior notes, the applicable indenture will contain provisions to the effect that the obligations of each Guarantor under its Guarantees and such indenture shall be limited to the maximum amount as will, after giving effect to all other contingent and fixed liabilities of such Guarantor, result in the obligations of such Guarantor under such Guarantees and such indenture not constituting a fraudulent conveyance or fraudulent transfer under applicable law. However, there can be no assurance that, notwithstanding such limitation, a court would not determine that a Guarantee constituted a fraudulent conveyance or fraudulent transfer under applicable law. If that were to occur, the court could void the applicable Guarantor's obligations under that Guarantee, subordinate that Guarantee to other debt and other liabilities of that Guarantor or take other action detrimental to holders of the senior notes of the applicable series, including directing the holders to return any payments received from the applicable Guarantor.

        The applicable prospectus supplement relating to any series of guaranteed senior notes will specify other terms of the applicable Guarantees, which may include provisions that allow a Guarantor to be released from its obligations under its Guarantee under specified circumstances or that provide for one or more Guarantees to be secured by specified collateral.

        Unless otherwise expressly stated in the applicable prospectus supplement, each Guarantee will be the unsubordinated and unsecured obligation of the applicable Guarantor and will rank on a parity in right of payment with all other unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness and guarantees of such Guarantor. Each Guarantee (other than a secured Guarantee) will be effectively subordinated to all existing and future secured indebtedness and secured guarantees of the applicable Guarantor to the extent of the value of the collateral securing that indebtedness and those guarantees. Consequently, in the event of a bankruptcy, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or similar proceeding with respect to any Guarantor that has provided an unsecured Guarantee of any senior notes, the holders of that Guarantor's secured indebtedness and secured guarantees will be entitled to proceed directly against the collateral that secures that secured indebtedness or those secured guarantees, as the case may be, and such collateral will not be available for satisfaction of any amount owed by such Guarantor under its unsecured indebtedness and unsecured guarantees, including its unsecured Guarantees of any senior notes, until that secured debt and those secured guarantees are satisfied in full. Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the indenture will not limit the ability of any Guarantor to incur secured indebtedness or issue secured guarantees.

        Unless otherwise expressly stated in the applicable prospectus supplement, each secured Guarantee will be an unsubordinated obligation of the applicable Guarantor and will rank on a parity in right of payment with all other unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness and guarantees of such Guarantor, except that such secured Guarantee will effectively rank senior to such Guarantor's unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness and guarantees in respect of claims against the collateral securing that secured Guarantee.

Book-entry Senior Notes

        The senior notes of a series may be issued in whole or in part in the form of one or more global senior notes. Global senior notes will be deposited with, or on behalf of, a depositary which, unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement relating to the series, will be DTC. Global senior notes may be issued in either registered or bearer form and in either temporary or permanent

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form. Unless and until it is exchanged in whole or in part for individual certificates evidencing senior notes, a global senior note may not be transferred except as a whole by the depositary to its nominee or by the nominee to the depositary, or by the depositary or its nominee to a successor depositary or to a nominee of the successor depositary.

        We anticipate that global senior notes will be deposited with, or on behalf of, DTC and that global senior notes will be registered in the name of DTC's nominee, Cede & Co. All interests in global senior notes deposited with, or on behalf of, DTC will be subject to the operations and procedures of DTC and, in the case of any interests in global senior notes held through Euroclear Bank S.A./N.V. ("Euroclear") or Clearstream Banking, société anonyme ("Clearstream, Luxembourg"), the operations and procedures of Euroclear or Clearstream, Luxembourg, as the case may be. We also anticipate that the following provisions will apply to the depository arrangements with respect to global senior notes. Additional or differing terms of the depository arrangements may be described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

        DTC has advised us that it is:

        DTC holds securities that its participants deposit with DTC. DTC also facilitates the settlement among its participants of securities transactions, including transfers and pledges, in deposited securities through electronic computerized book-entry changes in participants' accounts, which eliminates the need for physical movement of securities certificates. Direct participants include securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and other organizations. Access to the DTC system is also available to others, sometimes referred to in this prospectus as indirect participants, that clear transactions through or maintain a custodial relationship with a direct participant either directly or indirectly. Indirect participants include securities brokers and dealers, banks and trust companies. The rules applicable to DTC and its participants are on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

        Purchases of senior notes within the DTC system must be made by or through direct participants, which will receive a credit for the senior notes on DTC's records. The ownership interest of the actual purchaser or beneficial owner of a senior note is, in turn, recorded on the direct and indirect participants' records. Beneficial owners will not receive written confirmation from DTC of their purchases, but beneficial owners are expected to receive written confirmations providing details of the transactions, as well as periodic statements of their holdings, from the direct or indirect participants through which they purchased the senior notes. Transfers of ownership interests in senior notes are to be accomplished by entries made on the books of participants acting on behalf of beneficial owners. Beneficial owners will not receive certificates representing their ownership interests in the senior notes, except under the limited circumstances described below.

        To facilitate subsequent transfers, all senior notes deposited by participants with DTC will be registered in the name of DTC's nominee, Cede & Co. The deposit of senior notes with DTC and their registration in the name of Cede & Co. will not change the beneficial ownership of the senior notes. DTC has no knowledge of the actual beneficial owners of the senior notes. DTC's records reflect only the identity of the direct participants to whose accounts the senior notes are credited. Those

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participants may or may not be the beneficial owners. The participants are responsible for keeping account of their holdings on behalf of their customers.

        Conveyance of notices and other communications by DTC to direct participants, by direct participants to indirect participants and by direct and indirect participants to beneficial owners will be governed by arrangements among them, subject to any legal requirements in effect from time to time.

        Redemption notices shall be sent to DTC or its nominee. If less than all of the senior notes of a series are being redeemed, DTC will reduce the amount of the interest of each direct participant in the senior notes under its procedures.

        In any case where a vote may be required with respect to the senior notes of any series, neither DTC nor Cede & Co. will give consents for or vote the global senior notes. Under its usual procedures, DTC will mail an omnibus proxy to us after the record date. The omnibus proxy assigns the consenting or voting rights of Cede & Co. to those direct participants to whose accounts the senior notes are credited on the record date identified in a listing attached to the omnibus proxy.

        Principal and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on the global senior notes will be paid to Cede & Co., as nominee of DTC. DTC's practice is to credit direct participants' accounts on the relevant payment date unless DTC has reason to believe that it will not receive payments on the payment date. Payments by direct and indirect participants to beneficial owners will be governed by standing instructions and customary practices, as is the case with securities held for the account of customers in bearer form or registered in "street name." Those payments will be the responsibility of DTC's direct and indirect participants and not of DTC, us, any trustee or any underwriters or agents involved in the offering or sale of any senior notes. Payment of principal, premium, if any, and interest, if any, to DTC is our responsibility, disbursement of payments to direct participants is the responsibility of DTC, and disbursement of payments to the beneficial owners is the responsibility of direct and indirect participants.

        Except under the limited circumstances described below, beneficial owners of interests in a global senior note will not be entitled to have senior notes registered in their names and will not receive physical delivery of senior notes. Accordingly, each beneficial owner must rely on the procedures of DTC to exercise any rights under the senior notes and the indenture.

        The laws of some jurisdictions may require that some purchasers of securities take physical delivery of securities in definitive form. These laws may impair the ability to transfer or pledge beneficial interests in global senior notes.

        DTC is under no obligation to provide its services as depositary for the senior notes of any series and may discontinue providing its services at any time. Neither we nor any trustee nor any underwriters or agents involved in the offering or sale of any senior notes will have any responsibility for the performance by DTC or its participants or indirect participants under the rules and procedures governing DTC. As noted above, beneficial owners of interests in global senior notes generally will not receive certificates representing their ownership interests in the senior notes. However, if DTC notifies us that it is unwilling or unable to continue as a depositary for the global senior notes of any series or if DTC ceases to be a clearing agency registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (if so required by applicable law or regulation) and a successor depositary for the senior notes of such series is not appointed within 90 days of the notification to us or of our becoming aware of DTC's ceasing to be so registered, as the case may be, we determine, in our sole discretion, not to have the senior notes of any series represented by one or more global senior notes, or an Event of Default under the indenture has occurred and is continuing with respect to the senior notes of any series, we will prepare and deliver certificates for the senior notes of that series in exchange for beneficial interests in the global senior notes of that series. Any beneficial interest in a global senior note that is exchangeable under the circumstances described in the preceding sentence will be exchangeable for senior notes in

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definitive certificated form registered in the names and in the authorized denominations that the depositary shall direct. It is expected that these directions will be based upon directions received by the depositary from its participants with respect to ownership of beneficial interests in the global senior notes.

        Clearstream, Luxembourg and Euroclear hold interests on behalf of their participating organizations through customers' securities accounts in Clearstream, Luxembourg's and Euroclear's names on the books of their respective depositaries, which hold those interests in customers' securities accounts in the depositaries' names on the books of DTC. At the present time, Citibank, N.A. acts as U.S. depositary for Clearstream, Luxembourg and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. acts as U.S. depositary for Euroclear (the "U.S. Depositaries").

        Clearstream, Luxembourg holds securities for its participating organizations ("Clearstream Participants") and facilitates the clearance and settlement of securities transactions between Clearstream Participants through electronic book-entry changes in accounts of Clearstream Participants, thereby eliminating the need for physical movement of certificates. Clearstream, Luxembourg provides to Clearstream Participants, among other things, services for safekeeping, administration, clearance and settlement of internationally traded securities and securities lending and borrowing.

        Clearstream, Luxembourg is registered as a bank in Luxembourg, and as such is subject to regulation by the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier and the Banque Centrale du Luxembourg, which supervise and oversee the activities of Luxembourg banks. Clearstream Participants are financial institutions including underwriters, securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies and clearing corporations, and may include any underwriters or agents involved in the offering or sale of any senior notes or their respective affiliates. Indirect access to Clearstream, Luxembourg is available to other institutions that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with a Clearstream Participant. Clearstream, Luxembourg has established an electronic bridge with Euroclear as the operator of the Euroclear System (the "Euroclear Operator") in Brussels to facilitate settlement of trades between Clearstream, Luxembourg and the Euroclear Operator.

        Distributions with respect to global senior notes held beneficially through Clearstream, Luxembourg will be credited to cash accounts of Clearstream Participants in accordance with its rules and procedures, to the extent received by the U.S. Depositary for Clearstream, Luxembourg.

        Euroclear holds securities and book-entry interests in securities for participating organizations ("Euroclear Participants") and facilitates the clearance and settlement of securities transactions between Euroclear Participants, and between Euroclear Participants and participants of certain other securities intermediaries through electronic book-entry changes in accounts of such participants or other securities intermediaries. Euroclear provides Euroclear Participants, among other things, with safekeeping, administration, clearance and settlement, securities lending and borrowing, and related services. Euroclear Participants are investment banks, securities brokers and dealers, banks, central banks, supranationals, custodians, investment managers, corporations, trust companies and certain other organizations, and may include any underwriters or agents involved in the offering or sale of any senior notes or their respective affiliates. Non-participants in Euroclear may hold and transfer beneficial interests in a global senior note through accounts with a participant in the Euroclear System or another securities intermediary that holds a book-entry interest in a global senior note through one or more securities intermediaries standing between such other securities intermediary and Euroclear.

        Securities clearance accounts and cash accounts with the Euroclear Operator are governed by the Terms and Conditions Governing Use of Euroclear and the related Operating Procedures of the Euroclear System, and applicable Belgian law (collectively, the "Terms and Conditions"). The Terms and Conditions govern transfers of securities and cash within Euroclear, withdrawals of securities and cash from Euroclear and receipts of payments with respect to securities in Euroclear. All securities in Euroclear are held on a fungible basis without attribution of specific certificates to specific securities

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clearance accounts. The Euroclear Operator acts under the Terms and Conditions only on behalf of Euroclear Participants, and has no record of or relationship with Persons holding through Euroclear Participants.

        Distributions on interests in global senior notes held beneficially through Euroclear will be credited to the cash accounts of Euroclear Participants in accordance with the Terms and Conditions, to the extent received by the U.S. Depositary for Euroclear.

        Transfers between Euroclear Participants and Clearstream Participants will be effected in the ordinary way in accordance with their respective rules and operating procedures.

        Cross-market transfers between direct participants in DTC, on the one hand, and Euroclear Participants or Clearstream Participants, on the other hand, will be effected through DTC in accordance with DTC's rules on behalf of Euroclear or Clearstream, Luxembourg, as the case may be, by its U.S. Depositary; however, such cross-market transactions will require delivery of instructions to Euroclear or Clearstream, Luxembourg, as the case may be, by the counterparty in such system in accordance with the applicable rules and procedures and within the established deadlines (European time) of such system. Euroclear or Clearstream, Luxembourg, as the case may be, will, if the transaction meets its settlement requirements, deliver instructions to its U.S. Depositary to take action to effect final settlement on its behalf by delivering or receiving interests in global senior notes in DTC, and making or receiving payment in accordance with normal procedures for same-day fund settlement applicable to DTC. Euroclear Participants and Clearstream Participants may not deliver instructions directly to their respective U.S. Depositaries.

        Due to time zone differences, the securities accounts of a Euroclear Participant or Clearstream Participant purchasing an interest in a global senior note from a direct participant in DTC will be credited, and any such crediting will be reported to the relevant Euroclear Participant or Clearstream Participant, during the securities settlement processing day (which must be a business day for Euroclear or Clearstream, Luxembourg) immediately following the settlement date of DTC. Cash received in Euroclear or Clearstream, Luxembourg as a result of sales of interests in a global senior note by or through a Euroclear Participant or Clearstream Participant to a direct participant in DTC will be received with value on the settlement date of DTC but will be available in the relevant Euroclear or Clearstream, Luxembourg cash account only as of the business day for Euroclear or Clearstream, Luxembourg following DTC's settlement date.

        Euroclear and Clearstream, Luxembourg are under no obligation to perform or to continue to perform the foregoing procedures and such procedures may be discontinued at any time without notice. Neither we nor any trustee nor any underwriters or agents involved in the offering or sale of any senior notes will have any responsibility for the performance by Euroclear or Clearstream, Luxembourg or their respective participants of their respective obligations under the rules and procedures governing their operations.

        The information in this section concerning DTC, Euroclear and Clearstream, Luxembourg and their book-entry systems has been obtained from sources that we believe to be reliable, but we take no responsibility for the accuracy of that information.

Redemption and Repurchase

        The senior notes of any series may be redeemable at our option or may be subject to mandatory redemption by us as required by a sinking fund or otherwise. In addition, the senior notes of any series may be subject to repurchase or repayment by us at the option of the holders. The applicable prospectus supplement will describe the terms, the times and the prices regarding any optional or mandatory redemption by us or any repurchase or repayment at the option of the holders of any series of senior notes.

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Conversion and Exchange

        The terms, if any, on which senior notes of any series are convertible into or exchangeable for our common shares or any other securities or property will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement. Such terms may include provisions for conversion or exchange, either mandatory, at the option of the holders or at our option. Unless otherwise expressly stated in the applicable prospectus supplement or the context otherwise requires, references in this prospectus and any prospectus supplement to the conversion or exchange of senior notes of any series for other securities or property shall be deemed not to refer to or include any exchange of any senior notes of a series for other senior notes of the same series.

Secured Senior Notes

        The senior notes of any series and the Guarantees, if any, of the senior notes of any series may be secured by collateral. The applicable prospectus supplement will describe any such collateral and the terms of such secured senior notes.

Merger, Consolidation and Transfer of Assets

        The indenture provides that we will not, in any transaction or series of related transactions, consolidate with, or sell, lease or convey all or substantially all of our property and assets to, or merge with or into, any Person unless:

        In the case of any such consolidation, sale, lease, conveyance or merger in which we are not the continuing entity and upon execution and delivery by the successor Person of the supplemental indenture described above, such successor Person shall succeed to, and be substituted for, us and may exercise every right and power of ours under the indenture with the same effect as if such successor Person had been named as us therein, and we shall be automatically released and discharged from all obligations and covenants under the indenture and the senior notes issued under that indenture.

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Events of Default

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, an Event of Default with respect to the senior notes of any series is defined in the indenture as being:

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        No Event of Default with respect to any particular series of senior notes necessarily constitutes an Event of Default with respect to any other series of senior notes. The indenture provides that, within 90 days after the occurrence of any default with respect to the senior notes of any series, the trustee will mail to all holders of the senior notes of that series notice of that default if known to the trustee, unless that default has been cured or waived. However, the indenture provides that the trustee may withhold notice of a default with respect to the senior notes of that series, except a default in payment of principal, premium, if any, interest, if any, Additional Amounts, if any, or sinking fund payments, if any, if the trustee considers it in the best interest of the holders to do so. As used in this paragraph, the term "default" means any event which is, or after notice or lapse of time or both would become, an Event of Default with respect to the senior notes of any series.

        The indenture provides that if an Event of Default (other than an Event of Default specified in clause (9) of the second preceding paragraph with respect to us) occurs and is continuing with respect to any series of senior notes, either the trustee or the holders of at least 25% in principal amount of the senior notes of that series then outstanding may declare the principal of, or if senior notes of that series are original issue discount securities, such lesser amount as may be specified in the terms of that series of senior notes, and accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on all the senior notes of that series to be due and payable immediately. The indenture also provides that if an Event of Default specified in clause (9) of the second preceding paragraph with respect to us occurs with respect to any series of senior notes, then the principal of, or if senior notes of that series are original issue discount securities, such lesser amount as may be specified in the terms of that series of senior notes, and accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on all the senior notes of that series will automatically become and be immediately due and payable without any declaration or other action on the part of the trustee or any holder of the senior notes of that series. However, upon specified conditions, the holders of a majority in principal amount of the senior notes of a series then outstanding may rescind and annul an acceleration of the senior notes of that series and its consequences. For purposes of clarity, references to an Event of Default specified in clause (9) of the second preceding paragraph with respect to us shall not include any Event of Default specified in clause (9) of the second preceding paragraph with respect to any Significant Subsidiary of ours.

        Subject to the provisions of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939 requiring the trustee, during the continuance of an Event of Default under the indenture, to act with the requisite standard of care, the trustee is under no obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers under the indenture at the request or direction of any of the holders of senior notes of any series unless those holders have offered the trustee indemnity reasonably satisfactory to the trustee against the costs, fees and expenses and liabilities which might be incurred in compliance with such request or direction. Subject to the foregoing, holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding senior notes of any series issued under the indenture have the right to direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the trustee under the indenture with respect to that series. The indenture requires the annual filing by us with the trustee of a certificate which states whether or not we are in default under the terms of the indenture.

        No holder of any senior notes of any series shall have any right to institute any proceeding, judicial or otherwise, with respect to the indenture, or for the appointment of a receiver or trustee, or for any other remedy under the indenture, unless:

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        Notwithstanding any other provision of the indenture, the holder of a senior note will have the right, which is absolute and unconditional, to receive payment of the principal of and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on that senior note on the respective due dates for those payments and, in the case of any senior note which is convertible into or exchangeable for other securities or property, to convert or exchange, as the case may be, that senior note in accordance with its terms, and to institute suit for the enforcement of those payments and any right to effect such conversion or exchange, and this right shall not be impaired without the consent of the holder.

Modification, Waivers and Meetings

        Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the indenture permits us, any Guarantors party to such indenture and the trustee, with the consent of the holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding senior notes of each series issued under the indenture and affected by a modification or amendment, to modify or amend any of the provisions of the indenture or of the senior notes of the applicable series or the rights of the holders of the senior notes of that series under the indenture. However, no such modification or amendment shall, among other things:

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        Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the indenture also contains provisions permitting us, any Guarantors party to such indenture and the trustee, without the consent of the holders of any senior notes issued under the indenture, to modify or amend the indenture, among other things:

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        Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding senior notes of any series may waive our compliance with the provisions described above under "—Merger, Consolidation and Transfer of Assets" and certain other provisions of the indenture and, if specified in the prospectus supplement relating to such series of senior notes, any additional covenants applicable to the senior notes of such series. The holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding senior notes of any series may, on behalf of all holders of senior notes of that series, waive any past default under the indenture with respect to senior notes of that series and its consequences, except a default in the payment of the principal of, or premium, if any, or interest, if any, on senior notes of that series or, in the case of any senior notes which are convertible into or exchangeable for other securities or property, a default in any such conversion or exchange, or a default in respect of a covenant or provision which cannot be modified or amended without the consent of the holder of each outstanding senior note of the affected series.

        The indenture contains provisions for convening meetings of the holders of a series of senior notes if (and only if) senior notes of such series are issued or issuable, in whole or in part, in the form of bearer senior notes. A meeting may be called at any time by the trustee, and also upon our request or the request of holders of at least 331/3% in principal amount of the outstanding senior notes of a series. Notice of a meeting must be given in accordance with the provisions of the indenture. Except for any consent which must be given by the holder of each outstanding senior note affected in the manner described above, any resolution presented at a meeting or adjourned meeting duly reconvened at which a quorum, as described below, is present may be adopted by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding senior notes of that series. However, any resolution with respect to any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action which the indenture provides may be made, given or taken by the holders of a specified

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percentage, which is less or more than a majority, in principal amount of the outstanding senior notes of a series may be adopted at a meeting or adjourned meeting duly reconvened at which a quorum is present by the affirmative vote of the holders of that specified percentage in principal amount of the outstanding senior notes of that series. Any resolution passed or decision taken at any meeting of holders of senior notes of any series duly held in accordance with the indenture will be binding on all holders of senior notes of that series and the related coupons, if any. The quorum at any meeting called to adopt a resolution, and at any reconvened meeting, will be Persons entitled to vote a majority in principal amount of the outstanding senior notes of a series, or, if any action is to be taken at a meeting with respect to any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action which the indenture provides may be given by holders of a greater percentage in principal amount of outstanding senior notes of a series, the Persons entitled to vote at such greater percentage in principal amount of the outstanding senior notes of such series.

Discharge, Defeasance and Covenant Defeasance

        Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, upon our direction, the indenture shall cease to be of further effect with respect to any series of senior notes issued under the indenture specified by us, subject to the survival of specified provisions of the indenture (including the obligation to pay Additional Amounts to the extent described below and the obligation, if applicable, to exchange or convert senior notes of that series into other securities or property in accordance with their terms) when:

        At such time as we shall have satisfied the conditions set forth in the immediately preceding paragraph with respect to any series of guaranteed senior notes, each Guarantor of the senior notes of that series shall (except as provided in the next succeeding sentence and subject to other limited exceptions) be automatically and unconditionally released and discharged from all of its obligations under its Guarantee of the senior notes of that series and all of its other obligations under indenture in respect of the senior notes of that series, without any action by us, any Guarantor or the trustee and without the consent of the holders of any senior notes. If the senior notes of any series provide for the

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payment of Additional Amounts, we will remain obligated, following the deposit described above, to pay, and any Guarantees of the senior notes of that series will continue to guarantee (on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the applicable indenture, subject to any other terms of the indenture providing for the release and discharge of a Guarantor from its obligations under its Guarantees of such senior notes and under the indenture in respect of such senior notes) the payment of, Additional Amounts with respect to those senior notes to the extent (and only to the extent) that they exceed the amount deposited in respect of those Additional Amounts as described above.

        Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, we may elect with respect to any series of senior notes either:

        Upon the effectiveness of defeasance with respect to any series of guaranteed senior notes, each Guarantor of the senior notes of such series shall (except as provided in the next succeeding sentence and subject to other limited exceptions) be automatically and unconditionally released and discharged from all of its obligations under its Guarantee of the senior notes of such series and all of its other obligations under indenture in respect of the senior notes of that series, without any action by us, any Guarantor or the trustee and without the consent of the holders of any senior notes. If we effect defeasance with respect to the senior notes of any series and those senior notes provide for the payment of Additional Amounts, we will remain obligated, following the effectiveness of such defeasance, to pay, and any Guarantees of the senior notes of that series will continue to guarantee (on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the indenture, subject to any other terms of the indenture providing for the release and discharge of a Guarantor from its obligations under its Guarantees of such senior notes and under the indenture in respect of such senior notes) the payment of, Additional Amounts with respect to those senior notes to the extent (and only to the extent) that they exceed the amount deposited in respect of those Additional Amount as described above.

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        The defeasance or covenant defeasance described above shall only be effective if, among other things:

        The applicable prospectus supplement may further describe the provisions, if any, permitting or restricting satisfaction and discharge, defeasance or covenant defeasance with respect to the senior notes of a particular series.

Definitions

        As used in the indenture, the following terms have the meanings specified below:

        The term "Corporation" includes corporations, partnerships, associations, limited liability companies and other companies and business trusts. The term "corporation" means a corporation and does not include partnerships, associations, limited liability companies or other companies or business trusts.

        "Equity Interests" means, with respect to any Person, all of the shares of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person, all of the warrants, options or other rights for the purchase or acquisition from such Person of shares of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person, all of the securities convertible into or exchangeable for shares of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person or warrants, rights or options for the purchase or acquisition from such Person of such shares (or such other interests), and all of the other ownership or profit interests in such Person (including partnership, member or trust interests therein),

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whether voting or nonvoting, and whether or not such shares, warrants, options, rights or other interests are outstanding on any date of determination.

        "Non-recourse Debt" means an obligation for indebtedness that can only be satisfied out of the collateral securing the obligation and not out of the debtor's other assets.

        "Person" means any natural Person, corporation, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, association, company, partnership, Governmental Authority or other entity.

        "Significant Subsidiary" means, as of any date of determination, a Subsidiary of ours that would constitute a "significant subsidiary" as such term is defined under Rule 1-02(w) of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission as in effect on the date of the indenture.

        "Subsidiary" of any Person means (a) any corporation, association or other business entity (other than a partnership, joint venture, limited liability company or similar entity) of which more than 50% of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by the issued and outstanding Equity Interests or (b) any partnership, joint venture, limited liability company or similar entity of which more than 50% of the capital accounts, distribution rights, total equity and voting interests or general or limited partnership interests, as applicable, is, in the case of clauses (a) and (b), at the time owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by (1) such Person, (2) such Person and one or more Subsidiaries of such Person or (3) one or more Subsidiaries of such Person.

Governing Law

        The indenture (including any Guarantees) and the senior notes will be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York.

Regarding the Trustees

        The Trust Indenture Act of 1939 limits the rights of a trustee, if the trustee becomes a creditor of us, to obtain payment of claims or to realize on property received by it in respect of those claims, as security or otherwise. Any trustee is permitted to engage in other transactions with us and our subsidiaries from time to time. However, if a trustee acquires any conflicting interest it must eliminate the conflict upon the occurrence of an Event of Default under the applicable indenture or resign as trustee.

        Wilmington Trust, National Association may act as trustee under one or more of the indentures. Wilmington Trust, National Association provides commercial banking services to us in the ordinary course of business.


DESCRIPTION OF OTHER SECURITIES

        We will set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement a description of any depositary shares, warrants, subscription rights, debt securities, guarantees of debt securities, share purchase contracts or share purchase units that may be offered pursuant to this prospectus.

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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

        We or any selling securityholders may sell the securities offered by this prospectus:

        The securities may be sold in one or more transactions at a fixed price or prices, which may be changed, or at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices relating to prevailing market prices or at negotiated prices.

        We will describe in a prospectus supplement or a free writing prospectus the particular terms of the offering of the securities, including the following:

        The securities may be offered to the public through underwriting syndicates represented by managing underwriters or by underwriters without a syndicate, and may also be offered through standby underwriting or purchase arrangements entered into by us or any selling securityholders. We or any selling securityholders may also sell securities through agents or dealers designated by us or any selling securityholders. We or any selling securityholders also may sell securities directly, in which case no underwriters or agents would be involved.

        Underwriters, dealers and agents that participate in the distribution of the securities may be underwriters as defined in the Securities Act, and any discounts or commissions received by them from us or any selling securityholders and any profit on the resale of the securities by them may be treated as underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act.

        We or any selling securityholders and, in the case of offerings of guaranteed debt securities, the applicable guarantors may have agreements with the underwriters, dealers and agents involved in the offering of the securities to indemnify them against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or to contribute with respect to payments which the underwriters, dealers or agents may be required to make.

        Underwriters, dealers and agents involved in the offering of the securities may engage in transactions with, or perform services for, us, our subsidiaries or other affiliates (including, without limitation, any guarantors) or any selling securityholders in the ordinary course of their businesses.

        In order to facilitate the offering of the securities, any underwriters or agents, as the case may be, involved in the offering of such securities may engage in transactions that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the market price of such securities or other securities that may be issued upon conversion, exchange or exercise of such securities or the prices of which may be used to determine payments on such securities. Specifically, the underwriters or agents, as the case may be, may over-allot in connection with the offering, creating a short position in such securities for their own account. In addition, to cover over-allotments or to stabilize the price of the securities or of such other securities,

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the underwriters or agents, as the case may be, may bid for, and purchase, such securities in the open market. Finally, in any offering of securities through a syndicate of underwriters, the underwriting syndicate may reclaim selling concessions allowed to an underwriter or a dealer for distributing such securities in the offering if the syndicate repurchases previously distributed securities in transactions to cover syndicate short positions, in stabilization transactions or otherwise. Any of these activities may stabilize or maintain the market price of the securities above independent market levels. The underwriters or agents, as the case may be, are not required to engage in these activities and, if they engage in any of these activities, may end any of these activities at any time without notice.

        Some or all of the securities may be new issues of securities with no established trading market. Neither we nor any selling securityholders can give any assurances as to the liquidity of the trading market for any of our securities.


LEGAL MATTERS

        Certain federal income tax matters in connection with the securities have been passed on for us by Hunton & Williams LLP. Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. have passed upon the validity of the common shares and the preferred shares. Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP, our special 1940 Act counsel, have passed upon certain 1940 Act matters. Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP have passed upon the validity of the deposit agreements relating to depository shares and the warrants, subscription rights, debt securities, guarantees, share purchase contracts, share purchase units and senior notes offered hereby under the laws of the State of New York, and have provided certain other legal services to us in connection with this prospectus. Certain partners of Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP, members of their families and related persons have an interest representing less than 1% of our common shares.


EXPERTS

        The consolidated financial statements incorporated in this Prospectus by reference from the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K and the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting have been audited by Deloitte & Touche LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their reports, which are incorporated herein by reference. Such financial statements have been so incorporated in reliance upon the reports of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.


WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

        We have filed with the SEC a registration statement on Form S-3 under the Securities Act, of which this prospectus is a part, with respect to the securities to be sold pursuant to this prospectus. This prospectus does not contain all of the information set forth in the registration statement and exhibits to the registration statement. For further information with respect to us and the securities to be sold pursuant to this prospectus, reference is made to the registration statement, including the exhibits to the registration statement. Statements contained in this prospectus and in the documents incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference herein or in any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus as to the contents of any contract or other document do not purport to be complete and, where that contract or document is an exhibit to the registration statement or an exhibit to a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in the registration statement, each statement is qualified in all respects by reference to the exhibit to which the reference relates. Copies of the registration statement, including the exhibits to the registration statement, and other documents we file with the SEC may be examined without charge at the public reference room of the SEC, 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Information about the operation of the public reference room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800- SEC-0300. Copies of the registration statement, including the exhibits, and the other documents we file with the SEC can be obtained from the public reference room of the SEC upon payment of prescribed fees. Our SEC filings, including our

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registration statement, are also available to you for free on the SEC's website at http://www.sec.gov. You may also inspect information that we file with the NYSE at the offices of the NYSE at 20 Broad Street, New York, New York 10005. We are subject to the information and reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, and file periodic reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC.


INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

        This prospectus "incorporates by reference" certain information we file with the SEC under the Exchange Act. This means that we are disclosing important information to you by referring you to these filings. The information we incorporate by reference is considered a part of this prospectus, and subsequent information that we file with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information.

        Any statement contained in a document incorporated or considered to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus shall be considered to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus to the extent a statement contained in this prospectus or in any other subsequently filed document that is or is deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus modifies or supersedes such statement.

        We incorporate by reference the following documents that we have filed with the SEC:

        In addition, we incorporate by reference any future filings we make with the SEC pursuant to Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act from the date of this prospectus until the termination of the offering of securities described in this prospectus; provided, however, that we are not incorporating by reference any documents, portions of documents, exhibits or other information that is deemed to have been "furnished" to and not "filed" with the SEC. We will provide free copies of any of those documents, if you write or telephone us at:

KKR Financial Holdings LLC
555 California Street, 50th Floor
San Francisco, California 94104
Attention: Investor Relations
(415) 315-3620

You also may review a copy of the prospectus and registration statement and its exhibits at the SEC's Public Reference Room in Washington, D.C., as well as through the SEC's internet website (See "Where You Can Find More Information" above).

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$100,000,000

KKR Financial Holdings LLC

7.500% Senior Notes due 2042


PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT
March 13, 2012


Joint Book-Running Managers

Citigroup
Morgan Stanley
UBS Investment Bank
Wells Fargo Securities

Co-Managers

KKR
RBC Capital Markets